Children's Health Protection
Appendix C - America's Children and the Environment: A First View of Available Measures
Environmental Health Objectives in Healthy People 2010
Healthy People 2010, an initiative coordinated by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, establishes national health objectives for the first decade of the new millennium. Launched in January 2000, Healthy People 2010 seeks to increase the quality and number of years of healthy life and to eliminate health disparities among Americans.
Healthy People 2010 includes a number of goals and objectives that relate to the children's environmental health risks considered in America's Children and the Environment.
Objective 8-1 of Healthy People 2010 aims to reduce the proportion of persons exposed to air that fails to meet EPA's health-based standards for criteria air pollutants. The goal is to reduce the number of exceedances of the standards for carbon monoxide, nitrogen dioxide, sulfur dioxide, and lead from their present levels to zero by 2010. Exceedances for ozone would be reduced to zero by 2012, and particulate matter (10mm or less in diameter) by 2018.
Objective 8-4 focuses on reducing emissions of hazardous air pollutants. Healthy People 2010's goal is a 75 reduction in hazardous air pollutant releases by 2010, from 8.1 million tons nationally in 1993 to 2 million tons in 2010.
Objective 8-5 aims to increase the proportion of persons served by community water systems with drinking water that meets the regulations of the Safe Drinking Water Act to 95 percent by 2010, compared with 85 percent in 1995.
Objective 8-11 aims to eliminate elevated blood lead levels in children by 2010. Lead poisoning remains a preventable environmental problem in the United States.
Objective 8-12 addresses health risks associated with exposure to hazardous waste sites. This objective seeks to remediate 98 percent of the hazardous waste sites listed as National Priority List (Superfund) sites, Resource Conservation and Recovery Act facilities, leaking underground storage facilities, and brownfield properties.
Objective 24-2a seeks to reduce asthma-related hospitalizations of children under 5 from 45.6 hospitalizations per 10,000 children in 1998 to 25 per 10,000 in 2010.
Objective 27-9 aims to reduce the percentage of children regularly exposed to secondhand smoke from the 27 percent reported in 1994 to 10 percent by 2010.
Healthy People 2010 is available at www.health.gov/healthypeople or by calling 1(800) 367-4725.