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Children's Health Protection

Health Disparities Workshop Organizing Committee Bios

Devon Payne-Sturges, DrPH
Dr. Devon Payne-Sturges is an environmental health scientist with U.S. EPA’s Office of Children’s Health Protection. She works on critical regulatory and science policy issues at EPA that have an impact on children’s health. She is currently serving on cross-agency workgroups developing agency strategy to reduce mercury emissions and human exposure to mercury, and identifying chemicals with emerging concerns for children’s health. Her areas of research include use of exposure biomonitoring for policy analysis, risk assessment, environmental health indicator development, and environmental health of minority populations. Ms. Payne-Sturges was recently appointed to U.S. EPA’s Risk Assessment Forum and is serving on the Cumulative Risk Assessment Tech Panel. She possesses a Master of Public Health and Doctor of Public Health degrees in environmental health sciences from Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public health. Prior to joining U.S. EPA, Ms. Payne-Sturges served as Assistant Commissioner for Environmental Health with the Baltimore City Health Department.


Gee GC, Payne-Sturges D. 2004. Environmental Health Disparities: A Framework Integrating Psychosocial and Environmental Concepts. Environmental Health Perspectives 112(17): 1645-1653.

Payne-Sturges, D. C., T. A. Burke, et al. (2004). "Personal exposure meets risk assessment: a comparison of measured and modeled exposures and risks in an urban community." Environmental Health Perspectives 112(5): 589-98.

Payne-Sturges, D. C., M. Schwab, et al. (2004). "Closing the research loop: a risk-based approach for communicating results of air pollution exposure studies." Environmental Health Perspectives 112(1): 28-34.

Payne-Sturges, D. C. and J. G. Breugelmans (2001). "Local lead data are needed for local decision making." Am J Public Health 91(9): 1396-7.

Gilbert Gee, PhD
Dr. Gilbert C. Gee is an Assistant Professor of Health Behavior and Health Education at the School of Public Health at the University of Michigan. His research focuses on racial and ethnic health disparities, with particular emphasis on the roles of social stressors, neighborhood conditions, and racial discrimination. His work also examines the health of Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders and uses a multi-level approach. He has served as the Program Chair for the Asian and Pacific Islander Caucus of the American Public Health Association and is a board member of the Environmental Justice Initiative at the University of Michigan. He holds a bachelor’s of arts in neuroscience from Oberlin College, a doctorate in Social and Behavioral Sciences from the Johns Hopkins University School of Public Health and post-doctoral training in sociology from Indiana University.


Gee GC, Payne-Sturges D. 2004. Environmental Health Disparities: A Framework Integrating Psychosocial and Environmental Concepts. Environmental Health Perspectives 112(17): 1645-1653.

Gee GC and Takeuchi DT. 2004. Traffic Stress, Vehicular Burden and Well-Being: A Multilevel Analysis. Social Science and Medicine. 59(2):405-414

Gee GC. 2002. A Multilevel Analysis of the Relationship between Institutional and Individual Racial Discrimination and Health Status. American Journal of Public Health. 92: 615-623

Amy Schulz, PhD
Dr. Amy Schulz received her Ph.D. in Sociology and M.P.H. from the University of Michigan. Her research focuses on social inequalities as they influence aspects of the social and physical environment, and their contributions to health disparities and health in urban communities. Current research efforts focus on understanding social determinants of women's health in urban communities; the contributions of social and environmental factors to racial and socioeconomic disparities in cardiovascular disease, social aspects of community and their relationship to health, and interventions designed to increase access to healthy foods in urban areas. In addition, she has been involved in projects concerned with: the effects of colonization on the health of Native Americans; community-based approaches to research and community change; the evaluation of community partnerships for health promotion; and the role of grassroots environmental groups in addressing issues of environmental degradation and economic development. She is Associate Director of the Center for Research on Ethnicity, Culture and Health, and Co-Director for the NIH funded "Promoting Ethnic Diversity in Public Health". Dr. Schulz co-facilitates the CRECH NIH predoctoral seminar on ethnicity, culture and health, and has taught courses on qualitative research methods and participatory action research. Dr. Schulz's work appears in Social Problems, The Journal of Health and Social Behavior, Social Science and Medicine, Health Education and Behavior, The Annual Review of Public Health, American Journal of Public Health and Health Education Research, among others.


Schulz, A.J., Northridge, M. (2004). Social determinants of health and environmental health promotion. Health Education & Behavior 31(4): 455-471.

Schulz, A.J., Lempert, L. Bex. (2004) "Being part of the world": Detroit women's perceptions of health and the social environment. Journal of Contemporary Ethnography. 33(4): 437-465.

Schulz, A.J., Israel, B.A., & Lantz, P. (2004). Assessing and strengthening characteristics of effective groups in community-based participatory research partnerships. In C. Garvin, M. Galinsky & L. M. Gutierrez (Eds.), Handbook of Social Work with Groups (pp. 557-587). New York, NY: Guilford Publications.

Schulz, A.J. Kannan, S., Koch, M., Israel, B.A., Stokes, C., Zenk, S. (2004). Community-based participatory approach to survey design and implementation: The Healthy Environments community survey. In Israel, B.A., Eng, E., Schulz, A.J., Parker, E.A. (eds.) Multiple Methods for Conducting Community-Based Participatory Research for Health. San Francisco, CA: Jossey Bass.

Zenk, A., Schulz, A.J., House, J.S., Kannan, S., Benjamin, A. (2004). The neighborhood observational checklist: A partnership approach to designing an observational tool. In Israel, B.A., Eng, E., Schulz, A.J., Parker, E.A. (eds.) Multiple Methods for Conducting Community-Based Participatory Research for Health. San Francisco, CA: Jossey Bass.

Schulz AJ, Israel BA, Lantz P. (2003). Instrument for evaluating dimensions of group dynamics within community-based participatory research partnerships. Evaluation and Program Planning, 26(3):249-262.

Schulz, A.J., Caldwell, C.H., Foster, S. (2003). "What are they going to do with the information?" Latino/Latina and African American perspectives on the Human Genome Project. Health Education & Behavior, 30(2):151-169.

Schulz, A.J., Williams, D.R., Israel, B.A., Lempert, L.B. (2002). Racial and spatial relations as social determinants of health in Detroit. Milbank Quarterly, 80(4): 677-707.

Schulz, A.J., Parker, E.A., Israel, B.A., Allen, A., Decarlo, M., Robinson, M. (2002). Addressing social determinants of health through community-based participatory research: The East Side Village Health Worker Partnership. Health Education & Behavior, 29(3): 326-341.

Schulz, A.J., Parker, E.A., Israel, B.A., Fisher, T. (2001). Social context, stressors and disparities in women's health. Journal of the American Medical Women's Association, 56: 143-149.

Hal Zenick, PhD
Dr. Hal Zenick, Associate Director for Health, National Health and Environmental Effects Research Laboratory (NHEERL) in EPA’s Office of Research and Development, has more than 20 years of experience in research in environmental health and risk assessment. Dr. Zenick received his Bachelor of Science degree in Psychology/Biology at the North Texas University in Denton, Texas in 1968 and his Post Doctoral degree in Physiological Psychology from the University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri in 1972. Prior to joining NHEERL, he was a Branch Chief in EPA’s Office of Health and Environmental Assessment, Office of Research and Development. Dr. Zenick serves as a U.S. Co-Chair of the Environmental Health Workgroup under the binational U.S.-Mexico Border 2012 Program and serves as EPA’s representative to the U.S.-Mexico Critical Infrastructure Protection (CIP) Health Working Group. Within the Agency, he is Chair of the Agency’s Heath Effects Institute Advisory Board and is ORD’s senior executive lead for environmental justice matters. He has received numerous Agency awards including the prestigious Presidential Meritorious Executive Rank Award, the ORD Statesmanship award. Recently, he has had a leading role in several emerging programs at EPA including efforts to develop better indicators of public health impact of environmental decisions. In this capacity, he has participated on a number of prominent National and Federal Projects. Dr. Zenick also has the lead for the Office of Research and Development for several cross-EPA/cross-Federal Agency initiatives including the impact of the environmental on the rapidly growing, aging population and the Futures of Toxicity Testing. Dr. Zenick is a member of the Advisory Board for the UNC Business Institute for Science, and the National Institute for Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS) Board of Scientific Counselors. He is a past President of the Reproductive and Development Toxicology Specialty Section, Society of Toxicology, and a member of the March of Dimes Reproductive Hazards in the Workplace. He has also served on the editorial board of several prestigious journals.


Applying an Environmental Public Health Paradigm to Assessing the Potential Impacts of Air Pollution on Older Citizens, Andrew M. Geller, Hal Zenick, Annual Meeting of the American Public Health Association, Nov. 2004.

EPA-ILSI International Biomonitoring Workshop Environmental Public Heath Continuum: Systems Biology Approach. September 2004.

NAS Committee on Toxicity Testing and Assessment of Environmental Agents, Sept. 2004.

2004 National Environmental Public Health Tracking Conference Assessing Public Health Impact of Environmental Decisions Through Information Technology and Research, March 2004.

CENR Update on NAS Project: Future of Toxicity Testing and Assessment, March 2004.

Presentation to the Board of Scientific Counselors, Accountability Initiative: Assessing Public Health Impact of Environmental Decisions, January 2004.

Zenick, H. Integrating U.S.-Mexico Border Environmental Health Data. Invited U.S.A. Keynote Address at Toxicology Has No Borders. The West Texas Regional Poison Center, El Paso, TX, June 23, 1995.

Zenick, H. Role of Research in Addressing Community Environmental Health Concerns: Experiences in the Lower Rio Grande Valley. Invited presentation for (1) The Environmental Equity Seminar Series, Duke University, Durham, NC, March 20, 1995; and (2) University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, April 17, 1995.

Zenick, H. An interagency research program to address environmental health issues along the U.S.-Mexico border. Second Annual Directors Symposium of the California Department of Toxic Substances Control. Sacramento, CA, December 16, 1993.

Rachel Morello-Frosch, PhD
Ms. Morello-Frosch is an assistant professor at the Department of Community Health, School of Medicine and the Center for Environmental Studies at Brown University. Rachel completed her bachelor’s degree in development economics, a master of public health degree in epidemiology and biostatistics, and her PhD in environmental health sciences at the University of California, Berkeley. She teaches methods courses on environmental health, risk assessment, and policy, epidemiology, and a seminar on the science and political economy of environmental health and justice.

Ms. Morello-Frosch's research examines race and class determinants of the distribution of health risks associated with air pollution among diverse communities in the United States. Her current work focuses on: comparative risk assessment and environmental justice, developing models for community-based environmental health research, science and environmental health policy-making, children’s environmental health, and the intersection between economic restructuring and community environmental health. Rachel is currently working on a research collaborative with colleagues in Southern California on “Air Pollution, Toxics and Environmental Justice.” She is also collaborating with Silent Spring Institute in Massachusetts on a community-based household exposure study on endocrine-disrupting chemicals funded by the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences.


Morello-Frosch R, Pastor M, Sadd J, Porras C, Prichard M. “Citizens, Science, and Data Judo: Leveraging Community-based Participatory Research to Build a Regional Collaborative for Environmental Justice in Southern California.” In Methods for Conducting Community-Based Participatory Research in Public Health. Barbara Israel, Eugenia Eng, Amy Shultz, Edith Parker, eds. University of Michigan, Jossey-Bass Press (forthcoming 2004).

Morello-Frosch RA, Pastor M, Sadd J: “Integrating Environmental Justice and the Precautionary Principle in Research and Policy-Making: The Case of Ambient Air Toxics Exposures and Health Risks among School Children in Los Angeles.” Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 2002, 584: 47-68.

Morello-Frosch RA: “The Political Economy of Environmental Discrimination.” Environment and Planning C, Government and Policy, 2002, 20:477-496.

Morello-Frosch RA, Pastor M, Porras C, Sadd J: “Environmental Justice and Regional Inequality in Southern California: Implications for Future Research.” Environmental Health Perspectives, 2002, 110 (Supplement 2): 149-154.

Morello-Frosch R, Zavestoski S, Brown P, McCormick S, Mayer B, Gasior R. “Social Movements in Health: Responses to and Shapers of a Changed Medical World.” In The New Political Sociology of Science: Institutions, Networks, and Power. Kelly Moore and Scott Frickel, eds. Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin Press. (forthcoming 2004).

Pastor M, Morello-Frosch RA, Sadd J: “The Air is Always Cleaner on the Other Side: Race, Space, and Air Toxics Exposures in California.” In Press, Journal of Urban Affairs, 2005.

Pastor M, Sadd J, Morello-Frosch RA: “Reading, Writing and Toxics: Children’s Health, Academic Performance, and Environmental Justice in Los Angeles.” Environment and Planning C, 2004, 2: 271-290.

Pastor M, Sadd J, Morello-Frosch RA: “Waiting to Inhale: The Demographics of Toxic Air Releases in 21st Century California.” Social Science Quarterly, 2004, 85(2): 420-440.

Kirstin Crowder
Ms. Kirstin Crowder is an Association of Schools of Public Health Fellow at the US Environmental Protection Agency, in the Office of Research and Development. Ms. Crowder graduated with her Master's of Public Health in Environmental and International Health from Emory University in 2004. Her thesis was entitled, "An Economic Analysis of Community-based Water Systems in Lempira, Honduras." Currently, she helps to coordinate the activities of the Environmental Health Workgroup (EHWG) of the Border 2012 program. In this capacity, she co-wrote the "Strategy for Indicator Development" produced by the Border Indicators Taskforce, and with partners at the Health Resources and Services Administration, is writing a cooperative agreement to develop evaluation methodology for community health worker training projects. She is also compiling a community-level data profile of communities selected as pilot study sites for the upcoming National Children's Study. Her professional interests include: community-based research and service provision, environmental epidemiology, economic evaluation of health services, and human rights and health.

Tracey J. Woodruff, PhD, MPH
Dr. Tracey J. Woodruff is a senior scientist and policy advisor in the National Center for Environmental Economics in the Office of Policy, Economics, and Innovation at the Unites States Environmental Protection Agency. She has done extensive research on environmental health issues, including health effects from air pollution, children’s health risks, and environmental health indicators. She also works on critical science policy issues at EPA. She has served as an epidemiological expert for EPA in preparation of the regulatory standards for particulate matter and ozone, and co-led the project producing the first national characterization of air toxics across the US. Her most recent work focuses on environmental health indicators for children, including initiating and leading EPA’s work developing measures to track children’s environmental health. This has lead to two reports, the second, “America’s Children and the Environment: Measures of Contaminants, Body Burdens, and Illnesses” was released in spring of 2003. She received her Ph.D. and M.P.H. in the environmental health sciences from the University of California, Berkeley. She completed a Pew Postdoctoral Fellowship at the University of California, San Francisco, Institute for Health Policy Studies.

Arlene S. Rosenbaum
Ms. Arlene S. Rosenbaum, Vice-President and Manager of the Air Toxics Program at ICF Consulting, has more than 20 years of experience in environmental analysis. For several years she has managed technical assessments in support of environmental justice evaluations for the USEPA Office of Civil Rights. Ms. Rosenbaum also managed the first comprehensive national modeling study of air toxics in the US - the Cumulative Exposure Project - for the USEPA Office of Policy; as well as regional air quality modeling studies for Portland OR, and Mobile, AL. In addition, she has managed development of several population exposure models for USEPA and the California Air Resources Board (ARB), including the Hazardous Air Pollutant Exposure Model (HAPEM), the probabilistic NAAQS Exposure Model (pNEM), and the California Population Indoor Exposure Model (CPIEM). She was elected to serve as a Councilor for the International Society for Exposure Analysis. She also serves on the Community Health Modeling Work Group for ARB, and has served on ARB’s advisory panel for Comparative Risk Analysis. Ms. Rosenbaum holds a B.S. in chemistry (honors) from the University of Michigan, an M.P.H. in environmental health planning from the University of Michigan, and an M.S. in engineering-economic systems from Stanford University.


Rosenbaum, A.S, M. Huang, J.P. Cohen, T. Palma. “Inter-individual Variability of Air Toxic Exposure Concentrations: A Hazardous Air Pollutant Exposure Model (HAPEM5) Case Study”, Presented at the Annual Meeting of the International Society for Exposure Analysis, Stressa, Italy, September 2003

Rosenbaum, A.S., D.A. Axelrad, T.J. Woodruff, Y.H. Wei, M.P. Ligocki, and J.P. Cohen. “National Estimates of Air Toxics Concentrations”, J. Air & Waste Manage. Assoc., 49: pp.1138-1152, 1999.

Charles A. Wells, PhD Dr. Charles Wells is a Senior Program Analysis Officer, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS), National Institutes of Health (NIH). Dr. Wells received his Ph.D. in Reproductive Endocrinology and Physiology from Howard University. The research for his Ph.D. was conducted at the National Institutes of Health. He also completed Post Doctoral training in Molecular Biology as a Staff Fellow at the NIH and Post Doctoral training in Epidemiology at the Johns Hopkins University School of Hygiene and Public Health. Prior to joining NIEHS in 1999, he was a Senior Advisor for Diabetes Prevention Research in the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, NIH. He also served as a Senior Health Scientist Administrator in the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, NIH. Dr. Wells has more than twenty-five years of experience as a researcher in Molecular Biology and Reproductive Physiology; and as a Senior Health Scientist Administrator. Dr. Wells also serves on the Federal Interagency Working Group on Environmental Justice.

He served on active duty as a Senior Scientist Officer in the Commissioned Corps of the U.S. Public Service for more than twenty six years. Dr. Wells retired from active duty in June, 2000. He has also taught part-time at Howard University for several years.

Charles Lee
Mr. Charles Lee, Associate Director for Policy and Interagency Liaison at the EPA Office of Environmental Justice, has more than 30 years of experience in research, advocacy and direct service around environmental health and social justice concerns of people of color and low-income communities. Mr. Lee has played a singularly unique pioneering role in creating the field of environmental justice. He is the architect of the two landmark seminal national events in the emergence of environmental justice as a significant national issue, the seminal 1987 report, Toxic Wastes and Race in the United States, and the historic 1991 National People of Color Environmental Leadership Summit. Moreover, he has been involved in spearheading most of the significant milestones marking the emergence of federal policy in this area, including the development and implementation of Executive Order 12898. In his current position at EPA, Mr. Lee serves as the Designated Federal Official for the National Environmental Justice Advisory Council, which recently concluded a major report, “Ensuring Risk Reduction in Communities with Multiple Stressors: Environmental Justice and Cumulative Risks/Impacts.” He also chairs the Interagency Working Group on Environmental Justice (IWG) and spearheaded the development of the IWG environmental justice demonstration projects. These projects laid the groundwork for the emergence of an environmental justice collaborative problem-solving model. Mr. Lee has served on numerous panels, boards, and federal advisory committees. These include the EPA National Environmental Justice Advisory Council and the Institute of Medicine Committee on Environmental Justice: Research, Education and Health Policy Needs.


United Church of Christ Commission for Racial Justice, Toxic Wastes and Race in the United States: A National Study on the Socio-Economic Characteristics of Communities Surrounding Hazardous Waste Sites, New York: United Church of Christ, 1987.

Lee, C., “Environmental Justice: Building a Unified Vision of Public Health and the Environment,” Environmental Health Perspectives, Volume 110, Supplement 2, April 2002, pp. 141-145.

Lee, C., “Collaborative Models to Achieve Environmental Justice and Healthy Communities,” in D. Pellow and R. Brulle, People, People, Power and Pollution: A Critical Appraisal of the Environmental Justice Movement, MIT Press, 2005, forthcoming.

Lee, C., “Environmental Justice: The Convergence of Civil Rights and Environmentalism,” in H. Frumkin, Environmental and Occupational Health: From Local to Global, Jossey-Bass, 2005, forthcoming.

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