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State - LocalityInitiative TypeLink Exit EPADescriptionDate
Arizona - PhoenixCool Roofs; Cool PavementsASU SMARTArizona State University Sustainable Materials and Renewable Technologies Program - The Arizona State University Sustainable Materials and Renewable Technologies (SMART) Program is a trans-disciplinary group of researchers, industries and governmental agencies from around the globe working in partnership to develop the next generation of urban materials and advanced biological and solar technologies an effort to support urbanization in a more sustainable manner. SMART researchers are developing the next generation of urban materials that aid in the mitigation of the urban heat island, reduce energy demand for mechanical cooling, and incorporate feedstocks diverted from waste streams.Active
California - San FranciscoHeat Vulnerability IndexSan Francisco's Climate and Health Program (PDF)Heat Vulnerability Spatial Index - The San Francisco Department of Public Health, in collaboration with the Centers for Disease Control, has developed a Heat Vulnerability Spatial Index. San Francisco displayed vulnerabilities during the 2006 heat wave. The Heat Vulnerability Spatial Index takes into account social vulnerability, built environmental attributes, and land surface temperature. It shows heat vulnerability by neighborhood, and will allow for a comprehensive citywide strategic plan for extreme heat events.Active
California - Statewide/Alameda CountyHeat Vulnerability IndexPublic Health Vulnerabilities to Climate Change and Mapping Risk (PDF)Vulnerabilities to Heat - The California Department of Public Health has looked at individual communities' vulnerability to heat waves by identifying indicators of risk. These indicators include: high proportions of elderly population, socially isolated populations, children, outdoor workers, the poor, the chronically ill, medically underserved. Using these indicators, heat index values were developed in Alameda County using census tracts: 50 represents the maximum vulnerability, -20 represents the minimum vulnerability, and -3.2 is the mean.Active
California - StatewideCool Roofs; Green Roofs; Trees and Vegetation; Cool PavementsCalifornia Department of Public Health (PDF)

Climate Action for Health (PDF)
Integrating Public Health into Climate Action Planning - The California Department of Public Health has developed a guide to how health and climate change are related. The guide identifies strategies to reduce the urban heat island effect, a consequence of climate change. The strategies include developing well-vegetated urban parks, exploring the role of landscaping and green roofs, planting urban forests, and using light-colored building and pavement materials.Active
California - StatewideTrees and VegetationCalifornia Adaptation Planning Guide (PDF)PHSE 4: Develop an urban heat island reduction program that includes an urban forest program or plan - The California Emergency Management Agency and the California Natural Resources Agency have created a guide for local governments to address the consequences of climate change. The guide includes a Public Health, Socioeconomic, and Equity Impacts (PHSE) strategy to address the urban heat island effect. The strategy includes recommendations such as tree-planting and long-term maintenance through urban forest programs, and using cool roofs and pavements.Active
Georgia - AtlantaCool Roofs; Trees and Vegetation; Cool PavementsCool CommunitiesCool Communities Program - Cool Communities is a nonprofit program in Atlanta aimed at improving urban environments and conserving energy by promoting the use of lighter, reflective roofing and paving materials as well as planting shade trees.Active
Illinois - ChicagoCool Roofs; Green Roofs; Trees and Vegetation; Cool PavementsChicago Department of EnvironmentChicago Urban Heat Island Mitigation Program - The City of Chicago's Department of the Environment has been involved with reducing urban heat islands for several years. Some projects Chicago has conducted include constructing a porous pavement alley, revising the city's building code to require cool roofs, and launching a green roof program.Active
Illinois - ChicagoGreen RoofsGreen RoofsChicago Green Roof Program - The City of Chicago's Department of the Environment has launched one of the strongest green roof efforts in the United States. Through this program the city has been constructing green roofs on public buildings, doing research to estimate impacts from green roofs, providing grants to encourage green roof installations (see entry on Chicago Green Roof and Cool Roof Grants Programs), and educating the public about green roofs in general.Active
Kansas - Kansas CityCool Roofs; Green Roofs; Trees and Vegetation; Cool Pavements Sustainable Skylines - Kansas Kansas City Sustainable Skylines Initiative - Sustainable Skylines is a locally-led, EPA-supported, public-private partnership to reduce air emissions and promote sustainability in urban environments. Greater Kansas City was chosen as one of the first pilot communities to implement the Sustainable Skylines program. Projects in Kansas City include: an idling-reduction campaign, water conservation and strategic landscaping projects, converting parking lots to parks, solar demonstration projects, a community forum, and a diesel engine retrofits partnership. Active
Kansas - Kansas CityTrees and Vegetation; Cool PavementsParking Lots to ParksParking Lots to Parks Project - The Kansas City Sustainable Skylines Program developed the Parking Lots to Parks Project which works to curb the urban heat island effect and reduce stormwater runoff through sustainable parking lot design in Kansas City. The project provides tools to assist communities with sustainable parking lot planning and in developing design standards.Active
Kentucky - Fort WrightGreen RoofsStormwater Management Handbook-Implementing Green Infrastructure in Northern Kentucky Communities

Sanitation District No.1, Ft. Wright, Kentucky
Sanitation District No. 1 of Northern Kentucky Green Roof - Sanitation District No. 1 decided to incorporate a green roof in the expansion of its facilities to manage the stormwater of three additional counties. The green roof reduces the urban heat island effect and enhances stormwater management. The facility uses both a conventional roof and a green roof to monitor the storm water benefits of green roof approaches. The green roof is also tied to the district’s educational program and provides a regional example of innovative stormwater practices.Active
Maryland - AnnapolisTrees and VegetationSee Chapter 17.14Annapolis Energy Efficiency Resolution - In October 2006, Annapolis, Maryland adopted a comprehensive energy efficiency resolution that included general goals and specific long-term targets for adopting a range of energy efficiency measures. One recommendation was to increase tree shading so that the city could sequester carbon dioxide, reduce the urban heat island effect, and lower ozone levels. In 2007, the city adopted a new tree protection ordinance as one step to protecting existing shade trees. This resolution also proposed green building goals, including adopting green building standards for public buildings, investigating incentives for green building construction, and developing an outreach and education program for the building community and government staff. The resolution also proposes increasing the urban forest canopy to 50% of the city’s land area by 2036.Active
Maryland - StatewideTrees and VegetationSee Section 6.3 Voluntary and Innovative Measures (PDF)Maryland's State Implementation Plan - Maryland's State Implementation Plan includes a regional forest canopy program that aims to reduce the heat island effect. The program involves assistance and outreach to encourage tree plantings through the coordination of various state and local agencies. This program would be housed within the Department of Natural Resources and would be charged with management of a tree planting database and promoting outreach efforts to landowners and stakeholder groups.Active
Mississippi - StarkvilleGreen RoofsOktibbeha County Heritage Museum

Museum’s New Roof Designed to Help Community ‘Think Green’
Green Roof - Mississippi State University students and faculty constructed a green roof on a new pavilion at the Oktibbeha County Heritage Museum to reduce stormwater runoff and raise awareness on green solutions. They also plan to install solar panels on the pavilion roof, put in pervious parking spaces, and enlarge the museum’s lawn. Active
New Jersey - ElizabethTrees and VegetationGroundwork ElizabethGroundwork Elizabeth - Groundwork Elizabeth, a nonprofit group in Elizabeth, New Jersey, works to involve neighborhood residents in community revitalization projects, including tree planting at local schools and parks. The organization was instrumental in getting the city of Elizabeth involved in New Jersey's Cool Cities Initiative, which aims to plant trees primarily in the large cities of New Jersey with low tree coverage.Active
New York - New York CityGreen RoofsGreen Roofs.com Projects - Earth Pledge FoundationEarth Pledge Foundation Green Roof Initiative - Earth Pledge, a non-profit organization in New York City, runs a Green Roofs Initiative that supports the development of green, vegetated rooftops in urban areas to prevent stormwater runoff pollution, lower urban temperatures, and improve air quality.Active
New York - The BronxCool Roofs; Green RoofsSustainable South Bronx: Green Jobs, Not JailsSustainable South Bronx - The non-profit group Sustainable South Bronx has developed several goals for the green roof/cool roof demonstration project on top of its office building in Hunts Point. These goals include gathering research on local impacts, establishing a resource for the community, educating New Yorkers on the benefits of green roofs, and advocating sustainable building practices. The demonstration project has become a springboard for developing a local green and cool roof installation company to provide employment opportunities in the South Bronx area. The group's business is called SmartRoofs and includes a job-training program for local residents.Active
Pennsylvania - Philadelphianone listedExtreme Heat – the City of Philadelphia Heat Health Watch-Warning System (HHWWS) - Philadelphia was the first U.S. city to implement the Heat/Health Warning System. City staff work with the National Weather Service to determine when a heat wave is imminently approaching. When a heat alert is issued, news organizations provide educational information about heat waves and health. Philadelphia has appointed thousands of "block captains" to check on elderly neighbors, and the Public Health Department provides home visits by field teams. This program has been a model for the creation of similar programs in other cities throughout the United States.Active
South Carolina - SpartanburgCool RoofsGoodall Environmental Studies CenterWofford College Cool Roof - The Goodall Environmental Studies Center at Wofford College incorporates a reflective cool roof that mitigates the heat island effect, and is the first academic building in South Carolina to receive the U.S. Green Building Council’s LEED Platinum certification. The building will use 32% less energy annually than average buildings of the same size and type.Completed
Tennessee - ChattanoogaCool Roofs; Green RoofsGreen InitiativesGirls Preparatory School Green and Cool Roofs - These roofs are part of a series of green initiatives at the Girls Preparatory School. The green roof cost the school an extra $30,000 that is in part offset by a projected 30% savings in annual energy costs. Additional energy savings come from a white roof installed on the school’s library.Completed
Texas - DallasCool Roofs; Green Roofs; Trees and Vegetation; Cool Pavements Sustainable Skylines - Dallas

Urban Heat Island Project
Dallas Sustainable Skylines Initiative - The Sustainable Skylines initiative is a three-year partnership between the City of Dallas, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, and the North Central Texas Council of Governments (NCTOG) to promote sustainability within the City via voluntary programs which emphasize air quality improvements. The initiative has identified the following categories of potential projects to initially perform together: green buildings project, creating a greenhouse gas strategy, green taxis project, off-road equipment replacements and retrofits, renewable energy/energy efficiency outreach program, and an urban heat island project. The goal of the urban heat island project is to develop and implement an urban heat island program for the City of Dallas that will both decrease heated surfaces and increase permeability of surfaces in the Central City and other areas of Dallas.Active
Texas - HoustonCool Roofs; Green Roofs; Trees and Vegetation; Cool PavementsHouston Urban Heat Island EffectCool Houston! - Cool Houston! is a program led by the Houston Advanced Research Center and is designed to reduce urban temperatures through use of cool technologies – reflective and green roofing, paving with light colored or porous materials, and a greatly expanded forest canopy.Active
Utah - Salt Lake CityCool Roofs; Green Roofs; Trees and Vegetation; Cool PavementsKool KidsUtah Kool Kids Program - The Utah State Energy Program, Utah Department of Natural Resources, and the National Energy Foundation worked together to create the Utah Kool Kids program to teach elementary and secondary age students about urban heat islands, their impacts on energy and air quality, and heat island reduction strategies. The program gives teachers lesson plans, overheads, test questions, experiments, and research tools to engage students.Active
Utah - StatewideTrees and VegetationStatewide Urban & Community Forestry ProgramTreeUtah - TreeUtah has launched a comprehensive initiative, the MetroGreening Program, that uses advertising, outreach, and educational workshops to promote proper planting and maintenance of trees to reduce heating and cooling costs, diminish the heat island effect, and achieve other benefits in Utah's most densely-populated regions.Active

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