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State - LocalityInitiative TypeLink Exit EPADescriptionDate
Arizona - PhoenixCool Roofs; Cool PavementsASU SMARTArizona State University Sustainable Materials and Renewable Technologies Program - The Arizona State University Sustainable Materials and Renewable Technologies (SMART) Program is a trans-disciplinary group of researchers, industries and governmental agencies from around the globe working in partnership to develop the next generation of urban materials and advanced biological and solar technologies an effort to support urbanization in a more sustainable manner. SMART researchers are developing the next generation of urban materials that aid in the mitigation of the urban heat island, reduce energy demand for mechanical cooling, and incorporate feedstocks diverted from waste streams.Active
California - San FranciscoHeat Vulnerability IndexSan Francisco's Climate and Health Program (PDF)Heat Vulnerability Spatial Index - The San Francisco Department of Public Health, in collaboration with the Centers for Disease Control, has developed a Heat Vulnerability Spatial Index. San Francisco displayed vulnerabilities during the 2006 heat wave. The Heat Vulnerability Spatial Index takes into account social vulnerability, built environmental attributes, and land surface temperature. It shows heat vulnerability by neighborhood, and will allow for a comprehensive citywide strategic plan for extreme heat events.Active
California - San Joaquin ValleyCool Roofs; Cool PavementsProvidence Engineering StudyEvaluation of Innovative Ozone Mitigation Strategies - The San Joaquin Valley Air Pollution Control District (APCD) awarded Central California Ozone Study (CCOS) funds to Providence Engineering to evaluate urban heat island mitigation for air quality impact. Providence Engineering used the Mitigation Impact Screening Tool developed by the U.S. EPA to simulate the atmospheric effects of citywide pavement and roofing albedo changes for San Francisco, Sacramento, and Fresno. Providence Engineering also calculated the cost-benefit of these urban-scale changes using cost data for various construction materials.Completed
California - Statewide/Alameda CountyHeat Vulnerability IndexPublic Health Vulnerabilities to Climate Change and Mapping Risk (PDF)Vulnerabilities to Heat - The California Department of Public Health has looked at individual communities' vulnerability to heat waves by identifying indicators of risk. These indicators include: high proportions of elderly population, socially isolated populations, children, outdoor workers, the poor, the chronically ill, medically underserved. Using these indicators, heat index values were developed in Alameda County using census tracts: 50 represents the maximum vulnerability, -20 represents the minimum vulnerability, and -3.2 is the mean.Active
Illinois - ChicagoCool Roofs; Green Roofs; Trees and Vegetation; Cool PavementsChicago Department of EnvironmentChicago Urban Heat Island Mitigation Program - The City of Chicago's Department of the Environment has been involved with reducing urban heat islands for several years. Some projects Chicago has conducted include constructing a porous pavement alley, revising the city's building code to require cool roofs, and launching a green roof program.Active
Illinois - ChicagoGreen RoofsGreen RoofsChicago Green Roof Program - The City of Chicago's Department of the Environment has launched one of the strongest green roof efforts in the United States. Through this program the city has been constructing green roofs on public buildings, doing research to estimate impacts from green roofs, providing grants to encourage green roof installations (see entry on Chicago Green Roof and Cool Roof Grants Programs), and educating the public about green roofs in general.Active
Kansas - Kansas CityTrees and Vegetation; Cool PavementsParking Lots to ParksParking Lots to Parks Project - The Kansas City Sustainable Skylines Program developed the Parking Lots to Parks Project which works to curb the urban heat island effect and reduce stormwater runoff through sustainable parking lot design in Kansas City. The project provides tools to assist communities with sustainable parking lot planning and in developing design standards.Active
New Mexico - AlbuquerqueTrees and VegetationUrban Forest Initiative Albuquerque, New Mexico (PDF)Albuquerque Urban Forest Improvement Initiative - The City of Albuquerque, New Mexico's Urban Forest Improvement Initiative combines multiple efforts to tap the benefits of urban trees. In addition to pledging to plant 2,000 trees per year, the city has hired an urban forester to design and manage municipal trees and commissioned the USDA Forest Service Center for Urban Forest Research to develop a Municipal Forest Resource Analysis. Completed in August 2006, the analysis found that Albuquerque received a benefit of $1.31 for each dollar invested in city trees.Active
New York - Bronx, NYCTrees and VegetationEfforts to Improve Air Quality in the Bronx Move Ahead (2009 Press Release)Greening the Bronx - The New York State Energy Research and Development Authority (NYSERDA) and New York City worked with horticulture students to undertake a borough-wide tree planting program. NYSERDA led research and the first half of the planting demonstration to identify species and sight selection that would maximize the ability to decrease electricity needs in the borough.Completed
New York - New York CityGreen RoofsGreen Roofs.com Projects - Earth Pledge FoundationEarth Pledge Foundation Green Roof Initiative - Earth Pledge, a non-profit organization in New York City, runs a Green Roofs Initiative that supports the development of green, vegetated rooftops in urban areas to prevent stormwater runoff pollution, lower urban temperatures, and improve air quality.Active
New York - The BronxCool Roofs; Green RoofsSustainable South Bronx: Green Jobs, Not JailsSustainable South Bronx - The non-profit group Sustainable South Bronx has developed several goals for the green roof/cool roof demonstration project on top of its office building in Hunts Point. These goals include gathering research on local impacts, establishing a resource for the community, educating New Yorkers on the benefits of green roofs, and advocating sustainable building practices. The demonstration project has become a springboard for developing a local green and cool roof installation company to provide employment opportunities in the South Bronx area. The group's business is called SmartRoofs and includes a job-training program for local residents.Active
North Carolina - RaleighCool Pavements Permeable Pavement Research

Permeable Interlocking Concrete Pavements
North Carolina State University Permeable Pavement Research - North Carolina State University has an active permeable pavement research program, as well as a specialized collaborative effort with the Interlocking Concrete Pavement Institute (ICPI) and the Low Impact Development Center on permeable interlocking concrete pavements.Active
Texas - HoustonCool Roofs; Green Roofs; Trees and Vegetation; Cool PavementsHouston Urban Heat Island EffectCool Houston! - Cool Houston! is a program led by the Houston Advanced Research Center and is designed to reduce urban temperatures through use of cool technologies – reflective and green roofing, paving with light colored or porous materials, and a greatly expanded forest canopy.Active

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