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Heat Island Effect

Building Standard / Energy Code

Air Quality Requirement | Building Code | Building Codes | Building Standard / Energy Code | Climate Action Plan | Comprehensive Plan and Design Guidelines | Demonstration Project | Green Building Program and Standards | Incentive | Outreach and Education Program | Procurement | Research | Resolution | Tree and Landscape Ordinance | Urban Forestry Program | Weatherization | Zoning Code | All

State - LocalityInitiative TypeLink Exit EPADescriptionDate
California - Chula VistaCool Roofs; Trees and Vegetation; Cool PavementsClimate Change Working Group – Climate Action PlanningBuilding Code; Demonstration Project; Green Building Program and Standards; Tree and Landscape Ordinance - The City of Chula Vista has identified 11 climate adaptation strategies, three of which directly address urban heat islands: they include the installation of cooler paving products, cooler roofing materials, and the incorporation of more shade trees. The city is sponsoring a demonstration project that will evaluate multiple reflective pavement technologies and develop implementation options based on these results. It is also working to amend its green building standards code to require cool roofs on all new residential developments, as well as developing a policy to require all municipal improvement projects and private parking lot development projects to incorporate a certain percentage of shade trees based on the development size.Active
California - MartinezCool Roofs; Trees and VegetationThe City of Martinez Climate Action PlanMartinez Climate Action Plan - Martinez Climate Action Plan – The City of Martinez is addressing the issue of urban heat islands in its climate action plan. The city aims to reduce the heat island effect through targeted upgrades of existing buildings and paved areas; adoption of new building standards, including the new cool roof standard contained in California’s Title 24 Energy Standards; tree planting; and new requirements for shading in new parking lots and other large paved areas.Active
Massachusetts - BostonCool Roofs; Green Roofs; Trees and Vegetation; Cool PavementsBoston Implements Green Building Zoning CodeGreen Building Zoning Code - Boston is decreasing carbon emissions associated with energy use in privately owned and operated buildings by implementing a Green Building Zoning Code. The zoning code requires all major construction projects greater than 50,000 square feet to adhere to the U.S. Green Building Council’s LEED certification standards. Two of the points for this certification can be obtained by using urban heat island reduction strategies, one point coming from cool or green roofs and the other from non-roof strategies.Active
New York - New York CityCool RoofsNYC CoolRoofsNYC CoolRoofs - In 2008 New York City put into place a building code that requires most new buildings to have 75% of the roof area covered with a reflective, white coating, or to be ENERGY STARŪ rated as highly reflective. Starting from January 2012, existing buildings that replace or renovate 50 percent or more are also required to add reflective materials to their rooftop. In addition, NYC °Cool Roofs address roofs on buildings that were built before the mandated codes took effect. To date 3,000 volunteers have coated 2.6 million sq ft of rooftops throughout the city. This program helps save money, preserve roof structure and cooling equipment, reduce energy use, reduce carbon emissions, and combat the urban heat island effect. Active

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