Pollution Abatement Costs and Expenditures: 1999
The report summarizes data from the 1999 Pollution Abatement Costs and Expenditure Survey conducted by the Census Bureau and sponsored by the National Center for Environmental Economics of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. The survey is based on a national probability sample of manufacturing, mining, and electric utility plants. The survey includes approximately 21,000 plants classified in manufacturing, mining and electric utility industries defined by the 1997 North American Industry Classification System (NAICS).
Data were obtained by means of a mailout/mailback form. The survey collects data on pollution abatement and prevention capital expenditures and operating costs for air, water, solid waste, and multimedia. The survey also collects data on disposal, recycling, site cleanup, habitat protection, environmental monitoring, and testing and administrative costs as well as other payments, such as permits, fees, fines, penalties, and tradable permits bought or sold.
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