A Quantitative Method for Effluent Compliance Monitoring Resource Allocation
The report develops a procedure which determines how often to sample effluent sources in a compliance monitoring program. The sampling frequencies depend on the probability each source will be in violation of its standards, as well as the environmental damage each source is expected to cause to the receiving waters. The potential utility of the procedure is demonstrated using data from 30 industries and municipal treatment plants. The sources chosen by the procedure for monitoring with highest priority were shown to be those sources most likely to violate a standard and cause environmental damage.
The information produced by the priority setting procedure is applicable to many types of water quality studies. The statistical descriptions of the effluents can be used as inputs to water quality models. The environmental damage expected from a source and the probability that a source will be in violation of a standard can be useful in the setting of effluent standards in "water quality limited" reaches of a river basin. The examination of these quantities quickly tells the user which sources are expected to have a major effect on water quality. The sensitivity of these quantities to changes in the standards or loading can also be quickly determined.
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