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Economic Incentives for Pollution Control: By Index

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Hide details for 33/50 Program33/50 Program
10.3. 33/50 PROGRAM
TABLE 44. TABLE 10-1: EPA VOLUNTARY PROGRAMS
FIGURE 18. FIGURE 10-2: RELEASES AND TRANSFERS OF 33/50 PROGRAM CHEMICALS
Hide details for Above market pricingAbove market pricing
7.10.2. Agriculture
Hide details for AcetoneAcetone
11.1.2.2. Charges in Less Industrialized Countries
Hide details for Acid rain programAcid rain program
FIGURE 12. FIGURE 6-1: PHASE I SO2 EMISSION
11.3.1. Air Pollution
TABLE 21. TABLE 6-3: ESTIMATED AND AVERAGE REALIZED ALLOWANCE PRICES
6.1.7. Acid Rain Allowance Trading
Hide details for AckermanAckerman
4.5.2.4. Florida ADF
Hide details for Acreage Reduction ProgramAcreage Reduction Program
7.4.7. Acreage Reduction Program
Hide details for Adopt-a-beachAdopt-a-beach
10.9.3. Adopt-a-Highway
Hide details for Adopt-a-highwayAdopt-a-highway
10.9.3. Adopt-a-Highway
Hide details for Adopt-a-lakeAdopt-a-lake
10.9.3. Adopt-a-Highway
Hide details for Adopt-a-riverAdopt-a-river
10.9.3. Adopt-a-Highway
Hide details for Advance disposal feesAdvance disposal fees
11.1.5. Charges on Environmentally Damaging Products and Activities
7.5.1. Advance Disposal Fee Systems
4.5.2. State Product Charges
4.5.2.5. North Carolina ADF
4.5.2.4. Florida ADF
TABLE 55. TABLE 11-10: ADVANCE DISPOSAL FEES IN SOUTH KOREA
Hide details for Agricultural Conservation ProgramAgricultural Conservation Program
7.4.3. Agricultural Conservation Program
Hide details for Agricultural practicesAgricultural practices
11.4.1. Subsidies for Environmentally Friendly Agriculture and Land Management
Hide details for AgricultureAgriculture
7.4. FARMING AND LAND PRESERVATION
Hide details for AgStarAgStar
10.8. METHANE RECOVERY PROGRAMS
Hide details for Air conditionersAir conditioners
TABLE 64. TABLE 11-19: DEPOSITS IN SOUTH KOREA
11.2. DEPOSIT-REFUND MECHANISMS
Hide details for Air emission permit feesAir emission permit fees
TABLE 8. TABLE 4-3: AIR EMISSIONS PERMIT FEES IN MAINE
4.3.1.1. Air Emission Permit Fees in Maine
Hide details for Air quality surchargeAir quality surcharge
4.3.1.1. Air Emission Permit Fees in Maine
Hide details for AllowancesAllowances
TABLE 21. TABLE 6-3: ESTIMATED AND AVERAGE REALIZED ALLOWANCE PRICES
3.3.3. Trading Systems
6.1.7. Acid Rain Allowance Trading
Hide details for Alternative fuel vehiclesAlternative fuel vehicles
TABLE 38. TABLE 7-15: ANNUAL ALTERNATIVE FUEL AND ALTERNATIVE FUEL VEHICLE SUBSIDIES IN THE OZONE TRANSPORT REGION
7.7. ALTERNATIVE FUELS AND LOW-EMITTING VEHICLES
7.7.2. State Subsidies
11.4.2. Subsidies to Reduce Vehicle Emissions
TABLE 37. TABLE 7-14: ALTERNATIVE FUEL VEHICLE PROCUREMENT REQUIREMENTS
Hide details for Alternative fuelsAlternative fuels
TABLE 38. TABLE 7-15: ANNUAL ALTERNATIVE FUEL AND ALTERNATIVE FUEL VEHICLE SUBSIDIES IN THE OZONE TRANSPORT REGION
7.7. ALTERNATIVE FUELS AND LOW-EMITTING VEHICLES
7.7.2. State Subsidies
7.7.1. Federal Subsidies
Hide details for Alternative fuels, alternative fuel vehiclesAlternative fuels, alternative fuel vehicles
TABLE 36. TABLE 7-13: ALTERNATIVE FUEL AND ALTERNATIVE FUEL VEHICLE SUBSIDIES
Hide details for Aluminum cansAluminum cans
TABLE 63. TABLE 11-18: BEVERAGE CONTAINER DEPOSITS IN SELECTED COUNTRIES
TABLE 16. TABLE 5-1: STATE BEVERAGE CONTAINER DEPOSIT SYSTEMS
5.2. BEVERAGE CONTAINERS
TABLE 17. TABLE 5-2: ESTIMATED COLLECTION AMOUNTS AND COSTS OF CURBSIDE AND DEPOSIT PROGRAMS IN MAINE COMMUNITY OF 25,000 INHABITANT S
4.5.2.4. Florida ADF
FIGURE 28. FIGURE 11-10: ALUMINUM CAN RECYCLING RATES
Hide details for Ambient standards approachAmbient standards approach
3.2. COMMAND AND CONTROL
Hide details for Amoco-EPA Yorktown experimentAmoco-EPA Yorktown experiment
10.4. PROJECT XL
Hide details for AmoniaAmonia
11.1.2.2. Charges in Less Industrialized Countries
Hide details for Anheuser-BuschAnheuser-Busch
4.5.2.4. Florida ADF
Hide details for AntifreezeAntifreeze
7.5.1. Advance Disposal Fee Systems
4.5.2.3. Rhode Island Hard-to-Dispose Material Tax
Hide details for Aral SeaAral Sea
11.3.4. Water-energy Trading
Hide details for ArsenicArsenic
11.1.2.2. Charges in Less Industrialized Countries
Hide details for AsbestosAsbestos
4.3.1.2. Air Emission Permit Fees in the South Coast Air Quality Management District
11.1.2.2. Charges in Less Industrialized Countries
TABLE 10. TABLE 4-5: AIR TOXICS AND OZONE-DEPLETING CHEMICALS FEES IN SCAQMD
($ PER POUND)
Hide details for AT&TAT&T
10.7. CLIMATE WISE
Hide details for Automotive air conditionersAutomotive air conditioners
11.1.5. Charges on Environmentally Damaging Products and Activities
Hide details for AwardsAwards
9.8. ENVIRONMENTAL PERFORMANCE AWARDS
Hide details for BankingBanking
6.1.3.3. Massachusetts
6.1.3.7. Wisconsin
6.1.1.3. Banking
Hide details for BaselineBaseline
6.1.2. RECLAIM
Hide details for BASFBASF
11.1.3.3. Effluent Charges in Germany
10.9.2. Texas Clean Industries 2000
Hide details for BatteeseBatteese
5.4. MAINE PESTICIDE CONTAINER DEPOSIT SYSTEM
Hide details for BatteriesBatteries
11.1.5. Charges on Environmentally Damaging Products and Activities
TABLE 64. TABLE 11-19: DEPOSITS IN SOUTH KOREA
FIGURE 11. FIGURE 5-3: BATTERY LEAD RECYCLING AND LEAD SCRAP PRICES IN THE U.S.
11.1.5.3. Preferential Taxation of Environmentally Friendly
Products
5.6. VOLUNTARY DEPOSIT SCHEMES
5.3. LEAD-ACID BATTERIES
11.2. DEPOSIT-REFUND MECHANISMS
TABLE 18. TABLE 5-3: MANDATORY LEAD-ACID BATTERY DEPOSIT SYSTEMS
Hide details for Bay Area Air Quality Management DistrictBay Area Air Quality Management District
4.3.1.3. California "Hot Spots" Fees
Hide details for Beer containersBeer containers
5.2.1. Maine Bottle Bill
5.6. VOLUNTARY DEPOSIT SCHEMES
Hide details for Below market pricingBelow market pricing
7.10.1. Subsidies for Timber, Minerals, and Water Extraction
Hide details for BenzeneBenzene
4.3.1.2. Air Emission Permit Fees in the South Coast Air Quality Management District
11.1.2.2. Charges in Less Industrialized Countries
TABLE 10. TABLE 4-5: AIR TOXICS AND OZONE-DEPLETING CHEMICALS FEES IN SCAQMD
($ PER POUND)
Hide details for Beverage container deposit systemsBeverage container deposit systems
FIGURE 9. FIGURE 5-1: U.S. MARKET SHARE OF REFILLABLE BOTTLES
TABLE 16. TABLE 5-1: STATE BEVERAGE CONTAINER DEPOSIT SYSTEMS
5.2. BEVERAGE CONTAINERS
5.2.2. California Beverage Container Recycling Program
TABLE 17. TABLE 5-2: ESTIMATED COLLECTION AMOUNTS AND COSTS OF CURBSIDE AND DEPOSIT PROGRAMS IN MAINE COMMUNITY OF 25,000 INHABITANT S
FIGURE 10. FIGURE 5-2: ESTIMATED DISTRIBUTOR COSTS OF MAINE DEPOSIT SCHEMES
5.2.1. Maine Bottle Bill
Hide details for Beverage containersBeverage containers
TABLE 63. TABLE 11-18: BEVERAGE CONTAINER DEPOSITS IN SELECTED COUNTRIES
TABLE 16. TABLE 5-1: STATE BEVERAGE CONTAINER DEPOSIT SYSTEMS
11.1.5. Charges on Environmentally Damaging Products and Activities
5.2. BEVERAGE CONTAINERS
TABLE 17. TABLE 5-2: ESTIMATED COLLECTION AMOUNTS AND COSTS OF CURBSIDE AND DEPOSIT PROGRAMS IN MAINE COMMUNITY OF 25,000 INHABITANT S
11.10. CONCLUSIONS
TABLE 64. TABLE 11-19: DEPOSITS IN SOUTH KOREA
11.2. DEPOSIT-REFUND MECHANISMS
Hide details for Biochemical oxygen demand (BOD)Biochemical oxygen demand (BOD)
6.2.2. Effluent Trading (point-point)
TABLE 2. TABLE 3-2: QUANTITATIVE STUDIES OF POTENTIAL SAVINGS FROM USING ECONOMIC INCENTIVES TO CONTROL WATER POLLUTION
Hide details for Blue Angel labelBlue Angel label
TABLE 65. TABLE 11-20: ENVIRONMENTAL LABELS IN SELECTED COUNTRIES
11.5. PRODUCT LABELING
Hide details for Boiler fuel oilBoiler fuel oil
4.5.2.6. Texas Clean Fuel Incentive Surcharge
Hide details for Bonneville Power AdministrationBonneville Power Administration
9.7.3. Single-Attribute Seals of Approval
Hide details for Bottle collectionBottle collection
7.5.2. Deposit Handling Fees
Hide details for Brehm and QuirozBrehm and Quiroz
11.3.3. Water Use Rights
Hide details for BressersBressers
11.1.3.4. Effluent Charges in the Netherlands
Hide details for British Columbia Scrap-it ProgramBritish Columbia Scrap-it Program
11.4.2. Subsidies to Reduce Vehicle Emissions
Hide details for Brown and JohnsonBrown and Johnson
11.1.3.3. Effluent Charges in Germany
Hide details for BrownfieldsBrownfields
7.3. BROWNFIELDS PROGRAMS
7.3.1. EPA Pilot Project Grants
TABLE 24. TABLE 7-1: THE USE OF SUBSIDIES IN U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION
7.3.2. Tax Incentives and Loans
Hide details for BubbleBubble
6.1.1.2. Bubble Program
Hide details for Bureau of Land ManagementBureau of Land Management
4.8. GRAZING FEES
Hide details for CadmiumCadmium
4.3.1.2. Air Emission Permit Fees in the South Coast Air Quality Management District
11.1.2.2. Charges in Less Industrialized Countries
TABLE 10. TABLE 4-5: AIR TOXICS AND OZONE-DEPLETING CHEMICALS FEES IN SCAQMD
($ PER POUND)
Hide details for CAFE standardsCAFE standards
6.1.13. Corporate Average Fuel Economy Standards (CAFE)
Hide details for California Air Resources BoardCalifornia Air Resources Board
4.3.1.3. California "Hot Spots" Fees
Hide details for California Air Toxics "Hot Spots" Information and Assessment ActCalifornia Air Toxics "Hot Spots" Information and Assessment Act
4.3.1.3. California "Hot Spots" Fees
9.5. HOT SPOTS ACT
Hide details for California Beverage Container Recycling ProgramCalifornia Beverage Container Recycling Program
5.2.2. California Beverage Container Recycling Program
Hide details for California Pollution Control Financing AuthorityCalifornia Pollution Control Financing Authority
7.2.4. Loans and Tax-exempt Bonds
Hide details for California Proposition 65California Proposition 65
3.3.5. Information Programs
Hide details for California Safe Drinking Water and Toxic Enforcement ActCalifornia Safe Drinking Water and Toxic Enforcement Act
9.4. PROPOSITION 65
Hide details for California State Recycling FundCalifornia State Recycling Fund
5.2.2. California Beverage Container Recycling Program
Hide details for CamerasCameras
11.1.5.3. Preferential Taxation of Environmentally Friendly
Products
Hide details for CameronCameron
4.6. ROAD USER FEES
Hide details for Capital access programCapital access program
7.2.4. Loans and Tax-exempt Bonds
Hide details for Car hulksCar hulks
FIGURE 29. FIGURE 11-11: CARS SOLD AND SCRAPPED IN SWEDEN
11.2. DEPOSIT-REFUND MECHANISMS
Hide details for Carbon dioxide emissionsCarbon dioxide emissions
11.1.5.2. Energy/carbon Taxes
Hide details for Carbon monoxideCarbon monoxide
6.4.2. Proposed Cross-Border Trading Program: El Paso Region
Hide details for Carbon taxCarbon tax
TABLE 59. TABLE 11-14: CARBON/ENERGY TAXES IN THE NETHERLANDS
TABLE 58. TABLE 11-13: 1994 ENERGY TAXES IN DENMARK
TABLE 46. TABLE 11-1: NOTEWORTHY INCENTIVE MECHANISMS OUTSIDE THE UNITED STATES
TABLE 57. TABLE 11-12: ENERGY/CARBON TAXES
11.10. CONCLUSIONS
11.1.5.2. Energy/carbon Taxes
TABLE 60. TABLE 11-15: CARBON/ENERGY TAXES APPLIED TO FUELS IN THE NETHERLANDS
Hide details for Carbon tetrachlorideCarbon tetrachloride
4.3.1.2. Air Emission Permit Fees in the South Coast Air Quality Management District
TABLE 10. TABLE 4-5: AIR TOXICS AND OZONE-DEPLETING CHEMICALS FEES IN SCAQMD
($ PER POUND)
Hide details for Cean Air ActCean Air Act
8.3.4. Clean Air Act (CAA)
Hide details for CERESCERES
10. VOLUNTARY PROGRAMS
Hide details for CFCsCFCs
4.5.2.5. North Carolina ADF
Hide details for Cherry Creek ReservoirCherry Creek Reservoir
6.2.3.2. Cherry Creek
Hide details for Chesapeake BayChesapeake Bay
6.3.2.2. Talbot County, Maryland
Hide details for ChlorineChlorine
11.1.2.2. Charges in Less Industrialized Countries
Hide details for Chlorofluorocarbon (CFC) taxChlorofluorocarbon (CFC) tax
3.3.1. Pollution Taxes, Fees, and Charges
4.5.1.3. Ozone-depleting Chemicals
Hide details for Chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs)Chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs)
11.1.5. Charges on Environmentally Damaging Products and Activities
4.3.1.2. Air Emission Permit Fees in the South Coast Air Quality Management District
6.1.8. Chlorofluorocarbon Production Allowance Trading
11.3.1. Air Pollution
TABLE 1. TABLE 3-1: QUANTITATIVE STUDIES OF POTENTIAL SAVINGS FROM USING ECONOMIC INCENTIVES TO CONTROL AIR POLLUTION
TABLE 10. TABLE 4-5: AIR TOXICS AND OZONE-DEPLETING CHEMICALS FEES IN SCAQMD
($ PER POUND)
Hide details for ChromiumChromium
11.1.3.3. Effluent Charges in Germany
Hide details for Civil liabilityCivil liability
8.3. CIVIL AND CRIMINAL LIABILITY
8.3.1. Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA)
8.3.2. Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA)
8.3.3. Clean Water Act (CWA)
8.3.4. Clean Air Act (CAA)
Hide details for Clean Air ActClean Air Act
3.2. COMMAND AND CONTROL
Hide details for Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990
1. INTRODUCTION
4.3.1. Permit Fees
4.3. AIR FEES
4.3.2. Ozone Non-Attainment Area Fees
6.1.10. Gasoline Constituents
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
6.1.5. OTC/OTAG Regional NOx Reduction Program
1.3. ORGANIZATION OF REPORT
2.2.2. 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments
Hide details for Clean Air Act emission permit feesClean Air Act emission permit fees
4.3.1. Permit Fees
Hide details for Clean Industries 2000Clean Industries 2000
10.9.2. Texas Clean Industries 2000
Hide details for Clean Water ActClean Water Act
1. INTRODUCTION
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
8.3.3. Clean Water Act (CWA)
Hide details for Cleanup costsCleanup costs
8.1. LIABILITY FOR CLEANUP COSTS
Hide details for Cleanup liabilityCleanup liability
8. LIABILITY APPROACHES
Hide details for Climate changeClimate change
6.4.1. Joint Implementation
Hide details for Climate WiseClimate Wise
TABLE 44. TABLE 10-1: EPA VOLUNTARY PROGRAMS
10.7. CLIMATE WISE
Hide details for Clinton AdministrationClinton Administration
2.1.1. Reinventing Environmental Regulation
Hide details for Clinton, PresidentClinton, President
6.1.6. Open Market Trading
Hide details for Coalbed Methane OutreachCoalbed Methane Outreach
10.8. METHANE RECOVERY PROGRAMS
Hide details for Coalition for Environmentally Responsible EconomiesCoalition for Environmentally Responsible Economies
10. VOLUNTARY PROGRAMS
Hide details for CoaseCoase
3.1. BACKGROUND
Hide details for Collection centersCollection centers
7.5.1. Advance Disposal Fee Systems
TABLE 55. TABLE 11-10: ADVANCE DISPOSAL FEES IN SOUTH KOREA
Hide details for Colorado RiverColorado River
TABLE 31. TABLE 7-8: IMPACTS OF CONSERVATION PROGRAMS ON EROSION AND CHEMICAL USE, FISCAL YEARS 1988-93
Hide details for Common Sense InitiativeCommon Sense Initiative
2.1.3. Council on Sustainable Development
Hide details for Compliance provisionsCompliance provisions
7.4.4. Compliance Provisions
7.4.5. Highly Erodible Land Conservation Compliance and "Sodbuster"
Hide details for Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability ActComprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act
3.3.6. Liability for Health and Environmental Harm


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