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TABLE 60. TABLE 11-15: CARBON/ENERGY TAXES APPLIED TO FUELS IN THE NETHERLANDS

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Economic Incentives for Pollution Control

CARBON/ENERGY TAXES APPLIED TO FUELS IN THE NETHERLANDS
Product
Unit
Excises
Environmental tax
COVA
    leaded gasoline
1000 liters
1246.10
25.10
13.50
n/a
    unleaded gasoline
1000 liters
1105.30
25.10
13.50
n/a
    light fuel oil
1000 liters
102.60
27.50
13.50
84.60
    gasoil
1000 liters
102.60
27.70
13.50
85.30
    diesel
1000 liters
649.20
27.70
13.50
n/a
    heavy fuel oil
metric ton
34.24
32.33
0.00
n/a
    coal
metric ton
n/a
23.38
n/a
n/a
19
    LPG
metric ton
78.72
33.08
n/a
100.9
    natural gas
m3
n/a
<10 million: 0.02155
>10 million: 0.1410
n/a
<170,000: 0.0953
    process gas
1,000 gjoule
n/a
236.82
n/a
n/a
    petrocoke residuals
metric ton
n/a
32.47
n/a
n/a
    liquid residuals
metric ton
n/a
32.33
n/a
n/a
    gaseous residuals
1,000 gjoule
n/a
236.82
n/a
n/a
    electricity
Kwh
n/a
n/a
n/a
0.0295
Source: Netherlands Ministry of Housing, Spatial Planning and Environment, "The Netherlands' Regulatory Tax on Energy," p. 10.

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