7.4. FARMING AND LAND PRESERVATION
Among the types of subsidies used in farming and land preservation are grants, loans, and tax benefits offered in exchange for improved conservation practices as well as payments to landowners to either take land out of cultivation or manage it in a certain manner. As shown in table 7-3, numerous subsidy programs have been implemented in agricultural land preservation policy.
Most of this subsection is devoted to USDA land conservation subsidy programs, including cross-compliance provisions linking farm program support benefits to environmental performance and new programs created under the 1996 Farm Bill. The subsection concludes with a discussion of selected state subsidy schemes, including purchasable development rights programs to prevent the conversion of agricultural lands to alternative uses.