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APPENDIX 1. BIBLIOGRAPHY

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Economic Incentives for Pollution Control


Abwasserabgabengesetz (German Effluent Charge Law). 1976.

Ackerman, Frank. 1994. "Advance Disposal Fees and Incentives for Waste Reduction." New Partnerships: Economic Incentives for Environmental Management. Air and Waste Management Association.

Ackerman, Frank, Dmitri Cavander, John Stutz, and Brian Zukerman. 1995. Preliminary Analysis: The Costs and Benefits of Bottle Bills, Draft report to the U.S. EPA Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response. Boston, MA: Tellus Institute.

Acton, Joe. Environmental Protection Agency. Personal communication. 1996.

Amendola Gary as cited in TBS report, p. 12.

American Farmland Trust. April 12, 1996. Unpublished table of agricultural conservation ease-ment programs.

Anderson, Robert. 1977. "Economic Incentives for the Recovery of Secondary Lead." Resource Recovery and Conservation. Vol 2: 193-209.

Anderson, Robert C., Mike Rusin, and Lisa Hoffman. June 1990. The Use of Economic Incentive Mechanisms in Environmental Management. American Petroleum Institute Research Paper #051. www.api.org/cat/SEC12a.htm#81

Anderson, Robert and Mark Rockel. April 1991. Economic Valuation of Wetlands. American Petroleum Institute Discussion Paper #065. www.api.org/cat/SEC12.htm#22

Anderson, Robert. September 1994. Federal Subsidies for Alternative Fuels and Alternative Fuel Vehicles. American Petroleum Institute Discussion Paper #076. www.api.org/cat/SEC12.htm#11

Arner, Robert, and Kimberly Davis. May 17, 1994. Northern Virginia Variable Rate Demonstration Project: "Pay as you throw" Interim Report. Northern Virginia Planning District Commission.

Arora, Seema and Timothy N. Cason. September 1995. Why Do Firms Overcomply with Environmental Regulations? Understanding Participation in EPA's 33/50 Program. Resources for the Future Discussion Paper 95-38. www.rff.org/dpapers/abstract/9538.htm

Atkinson, Scott, and D. Lewis. 1974. A Cost-Effectiveness Analysis of Alternative Air Quality Control Strategies, Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Vol. 1: 237-250.

Atkinson, Scott, and Tom Tietenberg. 1991. “Market Failure in Incentive-Based Regula-tion: The Case of Emissions Trading.” Journal of Environmental Economics and Manage-ment. 21: 17-32.

Barrett, Julia. Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources. Personal communication. May 1996.

Barthold, Thomas A. Winter 1994. "Issues in the Design of Environmental Excise Taxes." Journal of Economic Perspectives. Volume 8. Number 1.

Batteese, Robert. October 1988. "Returnable Pesticide Containers: Maine's Deposit and Collection System." Maine Board of Pesticides Control. Unpublished speech.

Batteese, Robert. Maine Board of Pesticides Control. Personal communication. 1996.

Bauer, Scott and Marie Lynn Miranda. April 1996. "The Urban Performance of Unit Pricing: An Analysis of Variable Rates for Residential Garbage Collection in Urban Areas." Report prepared for Office of Policy, Planning and Evaluation, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. www.epa.gov/docs/oppe/eaed/upaperf1.pdf.

Bergman, Hans. 1994. "Environmentally Differentiated Taxes on Diesel Oils: The Swedish Experience." OECD. Applying Economic Instruments to Environmental Policies in OECD and Dynamic Non-Member Economies.

Beverage World 1995-1996 Databank.

Bohi, Douglas R. and Dallas Burtraw, 1997. SO2 Allowance Trading: How Experience and Expectations Measure Up, Resources for the Future, Discussion
Paper 97-24.


Bonderud, Kendra, and Ron Shanovich. January 1995. Solid Waste Recycling and Waste Reduction. State of Wisconsin. Legislative Fiscal Bureau.

Boroski, Rob. Texas Natural Resource Conservation Commission. Personal communication. 1996.

Brehm, Monica Ríos and Jorge Quiroz. 1995. The Market for Water Rights in Chile: Major Issues. World Bank Technical Paper Number 285.

Bressers, Hans Th. A. and Jeannette Schuddeboom. 1994. "A Survey of Effluent Charges and Other Economic Instruments in Dutch Environmental Policy." OECD. Applying Economic Instruments to Environmental Policies in OECD and Dynamic Non-Member Economies.

Brooks, Greg. March 19, 1996. "91 Express Lanes Transponder Distribution Ahead of Schedule: Transponders in Use on World's First Fully Automated Toll Road Ahead of Forecasts by Four Months." Congestion Pricing Forum release.

Buchan, Keith. 1994. "The Singapore Licensing Scheme." OECD. Applying Economic Instruments to Environmental Policies in OECD and Dynamic Non-Member Economies.

Buist, Henry, Carolyn Fischer, John Michos, and Abebayehu Tegene. Undated. "Purchase of Development Rights and the Economics of Easements." USDA Economic Research Service AER-718.

Bureau of National Affairs. November 1993. International Environment Reporter Resource File: Finland. 229:0101.

Bureau of National Affairs. November 1994. International Environment Reporter Resource File: France. 231:0101.

Bureau of National Affairs. November 1994. International Environment Reporter Resource File: Hong Kong. 247:0101.

Bureau of National Affairs. May 1994. International Environment Reporter Resource File: Hungary. 248:0101.

Burtraw, Dallas. 1995. Cost Savings Sans Allowance Trades? Evaluating the SO2 Emission Trading Program to Date, Washington D.C.: Resources for the Future, Discussion Paper 95-30.

Business Cycle Indicators Scrap Lead Spot Prices. www.mlinet.com/bci/pages/lsm023.htm

Button, Kenneth. 1994. "Road User Charging With Particular Reference to Urban Areas." OECD. Applying Economic Instruments to Environmental Policies in OECD and Dynamic Non-Member Economies.

Cadiou, Alain and Nguyen Tien Duc. 1994. "The Use of Pollution Charges in Water Management in France." OECD. Applying Economic Instruments to Environmental Policies in OECD and Dynamic Non-Member Economies.

California Air

California Attorney General's office. May 1, 1996. "Proposition 65 litigation." Unpublished document. Oakland.

California Department of Toxic Substances. "Hazardous Waste Fee Summary Effective January 1, 1996."

California LAO. "LAO Analysis of the 1995-96 Budget Bill, Resources, Part II."
www.lao.ca.gov/a96b2.html

California Pollution Control Financing Authority. Various informational brochures.

California Water Resources Control Board. "Schedule of Fees for Bay Protection and Toxic Cleanup Program." www.swrcb.ca.gov/pub/FEES/feebptc.zip

Cameron, Michael. March 1991. Transportation Efficiency: Tackling Southern California's Air Pollution and Congestion. Environmental Defense Fund and Regional Institute of Southern California.

Canadian Department of Environment internet site. Documents on environmental labels in various countries. www.ns.doe.ca/g7.

Carraway, Candace. Environmental Protection Agency. Personal communication. 1996.

Cason, Timothy. 1995. An Experimental Investigation of the Seller Incentives in the EPA’s Emission Trading Auction, American Economic Review, 905-922.

Chance, Clifford. Summer 1995. "Economic and Fiscal Instruments and the Environment: the Example of ECO-taxes." www.cliffordchance.com/eer_f02.htm

Charles River Associates. 1991. Policy Alternatives for Reducing Petroleum Use and Green-house Gas Emissions, Boston.

Chia, Ngee-Choon and Sock-Yong Phang. November 9, 1994. "Motor Vehicle Taxes: Their Role in the Singapore Revenue System and Implications for the Environment." Paper presented at 3rd biannual Economy and Environment Program for Southeast Asia Workshop.

Clarke, Stephen F. March 1992. "International Comparison of the Tax Treatment of Pollution-Control Investment." American Council for Capital Formation. Center for Policy Research. U.S. Environmental Policy and Economic Growth: How Do We Fare?

Coase, Ronald H. 1960. The Problem of Social Cost, Journal of Law and Economics, Vol. 3: 1-44.

Cody, Betsy A. December 1994. "Grazing Fees: A Primer." Congressional Research Service. www.cnie.org/nle/ag-5.html.

Congressional Research Service. March 1994. Market-Based Environmental Management: Issues in Implementation.

Consumer Reports, various issues.

Container Recycling Institute. April 1994. Beverage Container Reuse and Recycling in Europe: A Survey of Nine Countries.

Cook, Elizabeth. January 1996. "Making a Milestone in Ozone Protection." World Resources Institute.

Cooney, John F. et al. 1996. Criminal Enforcement of Environmental Laws, in Environmental Crimes Deskbook, Washington D.C.: Environmental Law Institute.

Council of Economic Advisors. 1996. Economic Report of the President.

Crandall, Robert W., H.K. Gruenspecht, T.E. Keeler, and L.B. Lave. 1986. Regulating the Automobile. Washington D.C.: The Brookings Institution.

Criner, George K., Steven L. Jacobs, and Stephanie R. Peavey. April 1991. "An Economic and Waste Management Analysis of Maine's Bottle Deposit Legislation." Maine Agricultural Experiment Station Miscellaneous Report 358.

Criner, George, Stephanie Seguino, Margarita Suarez, Jeff Young, Robert McKay, and Christopher Spruce. June 1995. "Solid Waste Management (SWM) Options: The Economics of Variable Cost and Conventional Pricing Systems in Maine."

Crookshank, Steven. 1994. Air Emissions Banking and Trading: Analysis and Implications for Wetland Mitigation Banking, American Petroleum Institute, Discussion Paper #074.

Crookshank, Steven. 1995. Alternative Wetland Mitigation Programs. American Petroleum Insti-tute, Discussion Paper #077. www.api.org/cat/SEC12.htm#10

Cropper, Maureen, and Wallace Oates. 1992. Environmental Economics: A Survey, Journal of Economic Literature, Vol.30: 675-740.

Daily Environment News (DEN), various issues, published by the Bureau of National Affairs

David, Martin, Wayland Eheart, Erhard Joeres, and Elizabeth David. 1977. Marketable Permits for the Control of Phosphorus Effluent in Lake Michigan, Social Science Research Institute Working Paper, University of Wisconsin.

Arrêté du 27 octobre 1995 relatif aux modalités de gestion de l'aide à la reprise des véhicules automobiles de plus de huit ans instituée par le décret no. 95-1119 du 19 octobre 1995. (Rule concerning implementation of French Decree on subsidies to retire older vehicles.)

Décret no. 95-1119 du 19 octobre 1995 instituant une aide à la reprise des véhicules automobiles de plus de huit ans. (French Decree on subsidies to retire older vehicles.)

Department of Energy. "Clean Cities Guide to Alternative Fuel Vehicle Incentives & Laws." www.ccities.doe.gov/documents/funding/toc.html.

"DNR Sets New Rules for Wetlands Mitigation," Baton Rouge Advocate, August 27, 1995.

Dittman and Sander. Bundesverband der Deutschen Industrien e.V. (German Industries Association). Personal communication. 1996.

Dower, Roger C. July 1995. "The Right Economic Instrument for the Right Task: The Case of Pollution Fees and Information Programs." World Resources Institute. Draft report prepared for the Comision Nacional del Medio Ambiente.

Dudek, Daniel and John Palmisano.1988. “Emissions Trading: Why is This Thorough-bred Hobbled?” Columbia Journal of Environmental Law. 13:217-56.

Dudra, Paul. Rhode Island Department of Environmental Management. Personal communication. 1996.

Duhl, Joshua. December 1993. Effluent Fees: Present Practice and Future Potential. American Petroleum Institute Discussion Paper #075. www.api.org/cat/SEC12.htm#12

Eheart, Wayland, E. Downey Brill, Jr., and Randolph M. Lyon. 1983. Transferable Discharge Permits for Control of BOD: An Overview, in Erhard F. Joeres and Martin H. David, eds., Buying a Better Environment: Cost-Effective Regulation through Permit Trading. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press.

Environmental Defense Fund press release. December 7, 1995. "New Highway Uses Economic Incentives to Stem Air Pollution." internet:
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Environmental Law Institute. 1993. Wetland Mitigation Banking.

Environmental Law Institute. June 1993. Information Access Mechanisms: Collecting and Disseminating the Information Necessary for Environmental Protection.

Environmental Law Institute. August 1993. "New State and Local Approaches to Environmental Protection."

Environmental Law Institute. 1995. "An Analysis of State Superfund Programs: 50-State Study, 1995 Update."

EPA Final Rule on Early Reduction of Hazardous Air Pollutants. 57 FR 61970 (December 29, 1992)

EPA. Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response. "Answers to Frequently Asked Questions." Brownfields internet site: earth1.epa.gov/swerosps/bf/answers.htm#5

EPA. "EPA's Voluntary Programs: A Summary List Prepared by the 33/50 Program." Undated internet document: es.inel.gov/partners/3350/epavol1.html.

EPA. Effluent Trading in Watersheds Policy Statement.
http://www.epa.gov/owow/watershed/trading/tradetbl.html

EPA. Office of Air Noise and Radiation. 1980. Emissions Reductions Banking and Trading Update 2, Washington, D.C.

EPA. December 4, 1986. “Emissions Trading Policy Statement; General Policies for Creation, Banking, and Use of Emission Reduction Credits; Final Policy Statement and Accompanying Technical Issues Document.” 51 Federal Register, pp. 43814-60.

EPA. 1988. CFC Regulatory Impact Analysis, Vol 2.

EPA. Office of Policy, Planning and Evaluation. March 1991. Economic Incentives: Options for Environmental Protection. Office of Policy, Planning, and Evaluation. /ee/epa/eerm.nsf/a7a2ee5c6158cedd852563970080ee30/e01fdfc3022f913a852564ab00772bf7?OpenDocument

EPA. Office of Policy, Planning and Evaluation. July 1992. The United States Experience with Economic Incentives to Control Environmental Pollution. /ee/epa/eerm.nsf/a7a2ee5c6158cedd852563970080ee30/5585381D29D5359E8525643C007E4084?OpenDocument

EPA. 1992. Guidelines for Oxygenated Credit Programs and Guidelines on Establishement of Control Periods Under Section (m) of the Clean Air Act As Amended, Federal Register 57 47853.

EPA. Office of Pollution Prevention and Toxics. September 1993. Status Report on the Use of Environmental Labels Worldwide.

EPA. Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response. October 1993. "WasteWi$e: EPA's Voluntary Program for Reducing Business Solid Waste."

EPA. Office of Pollution Prevention and Toxics. April 1994a. Determinants of Effectiveness for Environmental Certification and Labeling Programs.

EPA. Office of Air and Radiation. April 1994b. "Landfill Methane Outreach Program."

EPA. Office of Air and Radiation. August 1994a. The Climate Is Right for Action: Voluntary Programs to Prevent Atmospheric Pollution.

EPA. Office of Policy, Planning, and Evaluation. August 1994b. Federal Disincentives: A Study of Federal Tax Subsidies and Other Programs Affecting Virgin Industries and Recycling.

EPA. Office of Water. September 1994. "Introducing WAVE - Water Alliances for Voluntary Efficiency: Hotel Water Management for the 21st Century."

EPA. Office of Air and Radiation. November 1994. "Introducing...The Energy Star Buildings Program."

EPA. Office of Water. January 1995. "The Clean Water State Revolving Fund: Financing America's Environmental Infrastructure--A Report of Progress."

EPA. Office of Air and Radiation. November, 1995. Human Health Benefits From Sulfate Reductions Under Title IV Of The 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments.

EPA. Office of Pollution Prevention and Toxics. March 1995. "Expanding Community Right-to-Know: Recent Changes in the Toxics Release Inventory."

EPA. Office of Enforcement and Compliance Assurance. May 1995. Enforcement and Compliance Assurance Accomplishments Report: FY 1994.

EPA. Office of Air and Radiation. June 1995. Green Lights Fourth Annual Report.

EPA. June 15, 1995. "Summary Report to the President: The Presidential Regulatory Reform Initiative." Reprinted in Daily Environment News. June 23, 1995.

EPA. Office of Pollution Prevention and Toxics. September 1995.
Pollution Prevention Incentives for States: Grant Summaries 1989-1995.

EPA. Office of Pollution Prevention and Toxics. "Issue Paper on Expansion of Toxic Release Inventory, TRI Phase 3." Reprinted in Daily Environment News. October 10, 1995.

EPA. Office of the Administrator. Spring 1996. Partnerships in Preventing Pollution: A Catalogue of the Agency's Partnership Programs.

EPA May 1996 statement can be found at: http://www.epa.gov/OWOW/watershed/tradetbl.html

EPA. Office of Pollution Prevention and Toxics. June 1996. 1994 Toxics Release Inventory: Public Data Release.

Environment Reporter, various issues.

Ernst & Young. "1994 National Water & Wastewater Rate Survey."

European Communities. March 23, 1992. Council of European Communities Regulation on a Community Eco-Label Award Scheme.

European Communities. June 29, 1993. Council Regulation (EEC) No 1836/93 of 29 June 1993 Allowing Voluntary Participation by Companies in the

Industrial Sector in a Community Eco-Management and Audit Scheme.

European Communities. May 13, 1993. Commission Decision of 13 May 1993 Establishing Indicative Guidelines for the Fixing of Costs and Fees in Connection with the Community Eco-Label.

European Communities. June 28, 1993. Commission Decision of 28 June 1993 Establishing the Ecological Criteria for the Award of the Community Eco-Label to Washing Machines.

Executive Office of the President. 1993. Environmental Quality: The Twenty-Fourth Annual Report of the Council on Environmental Quality.

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"Executive Order 12866 of September 30, 1993." October 4, 1993. Federal Register. Vol. 58, No. 190.

Federal Highway Administration. Spring 1996. BUYLINE$: Congestion Pricing Updates.

Federal Highway Administration. Spring 1996. Congestion Pricing Notes.

Federal Trade Commission. May 24, 1994. "FTC Updates Energy-Usage Disclosures for Home Appliances." News release.

Ferguson, Amanda. Environmental Protection Agency. Personal communication. 1996.

Fertilizer Institute. Unpublished list of state fertilizer taxes.

Field, Barry C. 1994. Environmental Economics: An Introduction, New York: McGraw Hill.

Financial Times, various issues.

Finnish National Commission of Sustainable Development. December 1993. The National Report of Finland on the Implementation of Agenda 21.

Florida Department of Environmental Protection. October 1995. "Waste Tires in Florida: State of the State."

Flowers, John. EPA. April 25, 1996. Memorandum on WAVE program to Michelle Price.

Flowers, John. EPA. Personal communication. 1996.

Fortney, Catherine S. Bay Area Air Quality Management District. Personal communication. 1996.

Foster, Vivien and Robert Hahn. 1995. Designing More Efficient Markets: Lessons from Los Angeles Smog Control, The Journal of Law and Economics, XXXVIII: 19-31.

Francis, Patrick. 1995. "National Environmental Protection Funds in Central and Eastern Europe." OECD Centre for Co-Operation with the Economies in Transition. Environmental Funds in Economies in Transition.

Franklin, Pat. Container Recycling Institute. Personal communication. April 1996.

Freedgood, Julia. 1991. "PDR programs take root in the Northeast." Journal of Soil and Water Conservation. September/October 1991. Volume 46. Number 5.

Freeman III, A. Myrick. 1990. "Water Pollution Policy." Portney, Paul, ed. Public Policies for Environmental Protection. Resources for the Future.

French Ministry of Foreign Affairs. 1995. "Environnement."
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Frisvold, George B. and Peter Condon. July 1994. "Biodiversity Conservation and Biotechnology Development Agreements." Contemporary Economic Policy. Vol. XII.

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Fullerton, Don and Thomas C. Kinnaman. July 1995. "Garbage, Recycling, and Illicit Burning or Dumping." Journal of Environmental Economics and Management. Volume 29. Number 1.

General Accounting Office (GAO). September 1994. Toxic Substances: EPA Needs More Reliable Source Reduction Data and Progress Measures. GAO/RCED-94-93.

GAO. December 1994. Electric Vehicles: Likely Consequences of U.S. and Other Nations' Programs and Policies. GAO/PEMD-95-7.

GAO. February 1995. Conservation Reserve Program: Alternatives Are Available for Managing Environmentally Sensitive Cropland. GAO/RCED-95-42.

GAO. February 1995. Solid Waste: State and Federal Efforts to Manage Nonhazardous Waste. GAO/RCED-95-3.

GAO. April 1995. Agricultural Conservation: Status of Programs That Provide Financial Incentives. GAO/RCED-95-169.

GAO. June 1995. Animal Agriculture: Information on Waste Management and Water Quality Issues. GAO/RCED-95-200BR.

GAO. 1996. An Integrated Approach Could Reduce Pollution and Increase Regulatory Efficiency, GAO/RCED-96-41.

GAO, 1996 (January). Water Pollution: Differences Among the States in Issuing Permits Limiting the Discharge of Pollutants. The GAO 96-42 report

GAO. 1996. Water Pollution: Differences Among the States in Issuing Permits Limiting the Discharge of Pollutants. GAO/RCED-96-42.

GAO. April 16, 1996. Clean Water Act: Use of State Revolving Funds Varies. GAO/T-RCED-96-140.

German Information Center. June 1995. "Focus On...Environmental Protection." www.germany-info.org/close-up/environ.htm.

Girasole, Rich. Rhode Island Department of Environmental Management. Personal communication. 1996.

Goldhammer, Earl, Jerry O. Allen, Mark G. Ancel, Mark A. Engel, Duane T. Phillips, and Raymond P. Reichert. American Bar Association State and Local Taxes Subcommittee. August 1995. "State Tax Treatment of Pollution Control Equipment -- A Survey and Commentary."

Goldstene, James. California Pollution Control Financing Authority. Personal communication. 1996.

Government Pricing Tribunal of New South Wales. October 1993. Inquiry into Water and Related Services.

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Hahn, Robert. 1995. Choosing Among Fuels and Technologies for Cleaning Up the Air, Journal of Policy Analysis, 533-551.

Halkos, George E. 1994. Optimal Abatement of Sulphur Emissions in Europe, Environmental and Resource Economics, Vol.4: 127-150.

Hamilton, Randy. Texas Natural Resource Conservation Commission. Personal communication. June 1996.

Harris, Jeffrey P. and Nancy Casey-McCabe. Undated. "Energy-Efficient Product Labeling: Market Impacts on Buyers and Sellers." Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. Energy and Environment Division.

Harvard Institute for International Development. Winter/Spring 1996. "Highlights in Environmental Economics & Policy."

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Helfand, Gloria E. 1994. "The Role of Information as an Incentive for Environmental Control." New Partnerships: Economic Incentives for Environmental Management. Air and Waste Management Association.

Henriques, Irene and Perry Sadorski. May 1996. "The Determinants of an Environmentally Responsible Firm." Journal of Environmental Economics and Management. Volume 30. Number 3.

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Illinois EPA, 1995. Design for VOC Emissions Trading System.

Illinois Department of Nuclear Safety. "Radon Program Strives to Increase Public Awareness." www.state.il.us/idns/radon/prgdescr/radonprg.htm

Independent Pricing and Regulatory Tribunal of New South Wales. April 1996. Pricing Policies of the Waste Recycling and Processing Service of NSW.

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International Environment Reporter (IER), various issues.

Investor Responsibility Research Center. 1993 Corporate Environmental Profiles Directory: Executive Summary and Appendices. Vol. 1.

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Katzen, Sally. Office of Management and Budget. January 1996. Unpublished memorandum for members of the Regulatory Working Group with an Economic Analysis of Federal Regulations Under Executive Order No. 12866.

Keller, Richard. Northeast Maryland Waste Disposal Authority. February 19, 1993. Unpublished memorandum on state and local procurement of recycled products.

Kennedy, Victoria S., Stuart I. Bretschneider, John E. Petersen, Myung-Jae Moon, Todd A. Nash, and Jason Gross. April 1995. Fee-Based Models for Funding Water Quality Infrastructure. Draft Final Report prepared by the Environmental Finance Center, Syracuse University Maxwell School of Citizenship and Public Affairs for the Office of Water, US EPA.

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Khazzoom, Daniel. 1995. An Econometric Model of the Regulated Emissions for Fuel-Efficient New Vehicles, Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Vol. 28: 190-204.

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Korea Ministry of Environment. 1993. Environmental Protection in Korea.

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Landesabfallabgabengesetz (Austrian Waste Charge Law).

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Lentz, James M. and Patricia Leyden, 1996. RECLAIM: Los Angeles’ New Market-Based Smog Cleanup Program, Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association, 195-206.

Limouze, Richard. Maine Air Quality Bureau. Personal Communication. 1996.

Linsenbigler, Michael. USDA Economic Research Service. Personal communication. July 1996.

Liroff, Richard. 1986. Reforming Air Pollution Regulation: The Toil and Trouble of EPA's Bubble. The Conservation Foundation, Washington, D.C.

Loeb, Alan P., Sept. 1, 1996 draft. "A Short History and Analysis of the Lead Phasedown Lead Credit Market," Argonne National Laboratories, Washington, D.C.

Louisiana Department of Environmental Quality. January 25, 1995. "DEQ Announces Programs to Aid Tire Dealers and Tire Processors." Internet press release:
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Lovei, Magda. 1995. "Environmental Financing: The Experience of OECD Countries and Implications for Transition Economies." OECD Centre for Co-Operation with the Economies in Transition. Environmental Funds in Economies in Transition.

Lucas, Tom. New Jersey Taxation Division's Special Audit Section. Personal communication. 1996.

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Maabs-Zeno, Carl C. 1981. Design of Programs Using Transferable Development Rights to Preserve Farmland in the Northeast, Journal of the Northeastern Agricultural Economics Council, Vol 10: 57-62.

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Maloney, Michael T., and Bruce Yandell. 1984. Estimation of the Cost of Air Pollution Control Regulation, Journal of Environmental Economics and Management. Vol 11.

Margulis, Sergio. 1994. "The Use of Economic Instruments in Environmental Policies: the Experiences of Brazil, Mexico, Chile and Argentina." OECD. Applying Economic Instruments to Environmental Policies in OECD and Dynamic Non-Member Economies.

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Massachusetts Department of Environmental Protection. "Massachusetts Toxics Use Reduction Program: 1994 Data Release."

Mayes, Donna Purcell. Virginia Department of Transportation. Personal communication. May 1996.

McCarthy, James E. January 1993. Bottle Bills and Curbside Recycling: Are They Compatible? Congressional Research Service.

McDougall, Richard D. 1994. "Air, Water, and Land Discharge Fees in British Columbia." New Partnerships: Economic Incentives for Environmental Management. Air and Waste Management Association.

McGartland, Albert M. 1984. Marketable Permit Systems for Air Pollution Control: An Empirical Study. PhD Dissertation, University of Maryland.

Menell, Peter S. 1995. "The Uneasy Case for Ecolabelling." RECIEL. Volume 4. Issue 4.

Micozzi, Martine. Transportation Specialist. Federal Highway Administration. Personal communication. May 1996.

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