Fugitive Particulate Matter Emissions under the Federal Air Rules for Reservations | Region 10 | US EPA

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Fugitive Particulate Matter Emissions under the Federal Air Rules for Reservations

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The Federal Air Rules for Reservations (FARR) establishes a program to control fugitive dust produced by sources located on Indian Reservations in Idaho, Oregon and Washington.

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What is fugitive particulate matter?

Particulate matter is a mixture of solid particles and liquid droplets in the air. Fugitive particulate matter is particulate matter that has not passed through a stack (such as a chimneys, pipe, vent, or duct) before being released to the air. Fugitive dust is also considered to be fugitive particulate matter. Fugitive dust is particulate matter released into the air by wind or other similar forces.

Why is it important to limit particulate matter?

High levels of particulate matter in the air can affect human health. Particulate matter can reach deep into the lungs and cause respiratory problems. For example, particulate matter is linked to aggravated asthma, chronic bronchitis, and premature death.

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Who does this rule apply to?

This rule applies to anyone who owns or operates an air pollution source that produces fugitive particulate matter within each of the 39 Indian reservations in Idaho, Oregon, and Washington specified in the FARR.

This rule does not apply to:

Fact Sheet: FARR Rule for Limiting Fugitive Particulate Matter Emissions (PDF) (2 pp. 45K) - April 2005

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What are the requirements?

This rule limits the amount of fugitive particulate matter that can be produced by certain air pollution sources. The rule has three main requirements:

The owner or operator of a source of fugitive particulate matter emissions must take actions to prevent fugitive particulate matter emissions. Owners or operators performing materials handling or storage, construction or demolition must also take these actions. In addition, the source of the fugitive particulate matter (for example, a piece of equipment) must be maintained and operated in a way that the emissions are minimized.

Actions that may be taken to prevent and minimize fugitive particulate matter emissions are listed below. However, owners and operators of air pollution sources may take other actions that are also effective.

Owners or operators of air pollution sources must perform a survey to see if any fugitive particulate matter emissions are being produced.

If fugitive particulate matter emissions sources are found during the survey, the owner or operator is required to take additional actions:

EPA can require the owner or operator to take specific actions to prevent fugitive particulate matter emissions. EPA can also require the air pollution source to be operated and maintained under specific conditions. The permit-to-construct or permit-to-operate would specify these actions and conditions.

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Sample Fugitive Particulate Matter Emissions Surveys and Prevention Implementation Plans

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When did the rule take effect?

This rule was effective June 7, 2005. The rule was published in the Federal Register on April 8, 2005 (67 FR 18074).

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URL: http://yosemite.epa.gov/R10/tribal.nsf/Programs/farr-fugitive

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