Air Emissions Programs and Information- The following links are to subjects related to Emissions and Emissions Inventories of both criteria pollutants and the 188 regulated hazardous air pollutants (HAPs).
Definitions of the Different Types of Emissions
The major point source emissions categories are power plants, industrial boilers, petroleum refineries, industrial surface coatings and chemical manufacturing industries. Point sources' emissions are generated from stack emissions. Since most of the records are kept in AIRS/AFS, the point sources information is readily available for developing a control strategies, tracking and implementation of the
Area sources are those emissions that are too small to be treated as point sources. Area sources' emissions can be generated from solvents used for surface coating operation, degreasing, graphic arts, dry cleaning and gasoline station (tank truck unloading and refueling). Area sources are the activities where aggregated source emissions information is maintained for the entire source categories instead of each point source, and are reported at the county level.
Mobile sources are categorized for highway and off-highway sources. The highway sources include the automobile, buses truck and other vehicle traveling on local and highway roads. The emission from highway vehicles represents one third of the overall national volatile organic compounds (VOC) and 40 percent of the overall nitric oxide (NOx) emissions. Highway emissions are calculated using MOBILE models. States must present highway mobile source emissions by pollutant (VOC, NOx and CO) and by individual nonattainment county. Off-highway sources are any mobile combustion sources such as railroads, marine vessel, off-road motorcycle, snowmobiles, farm, construction, industrial and lawn/garden equipment. Emissions are determined based on a source activity variable. Activity levels
for each off-highway category must be developed using EPA guidance documents.
Hazardous Air Pollutants
Toxic air pollutants, also known as hazardous air pollutants, are those pollutants that are known or suspected to cause cancer or other serious health effects, such as reproductive effects or birth defects, or adverse environmental effects. EPA is working with state, local, and tribal governments to reduce air toxics releases of 188 pollutants to the environment. Examples of toxic air pollutants include benzene, which is found in gasoline; perchlorethlyene, which is emitted from some dry cleaning facilities; and methylene chloride, which is used as a solvent and paint stripper by a number of industries. Examples of other listed air toxics include dioxin, asbestos, toluene, and metals such as cadmium, mercury, chromium, and lead compounds.
The annual "actual" emissions which have been estimated or calculated for a plant in the State Emission Inventory, added to those annual emissions that have been removed by the application of a control factor.
Maximum emissions for a pollutant that a plant or a source is allowed to discharge into the atmosphere legally.
Potential Controlled Emissions
Pollutant emissions while operating at the maximum design capacity, a schedule of 8760 hours per year and considering the efficiency of the pollution control equipment.
Potential Uncontrolled Emissions
Pollutant emissions while operating at the maximum design capacity and a schedule of 8760 hours per year.
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Air Emissions Inventories
Applicability and Determinations
Region 10 Emissions Inventory Page
To locate sources mapped in your area please see the EPA Air Data Website
Criteria Pollutants vs HAPs
Types of Emissions
Trends and Inventories