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Show details for Air Emissions (RCRA)Air Emissions (RCRA)
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Show details for Conditionally Exempt Small Quantity Generators (CESQG)Conditionally Exempt Small Quantity Generators (CESQG)
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02/01/2014Municipal Solid Waste Generation, Recycling, and Disposal in the United States: Facts and Figures for 2012Publication
 Description: This fact sheet is the latest publication describing the national municipal solid waste (MSW) stream based on data collected from 1960 through 2012. It contains information on the benefits of recycling, as well as data on waste generation, recycling, and disposal. This fact sheet also explores the connection between personal consumer expenditures and the generation of wastes, part of EPA's attempt to seek a systematic approach that transitions from waste management to sustainable materials management (SMM). The full report incorporating the data tables is produced every other year and was last developed for the 2011 data.
 
05/01/2013Municipal Solid Waste Generation, Recycling, and Disposal in the United States: Facts and Figures for 2011 (Fact Sheet)Publication
 Description: This fact sheet is the latest publication describing the national municipal solid waste (MSW) stream based on data collected from 1960 through 2011. It contains information on the benefits of recycling, as well as data on waste generation, recycling, and disposal. This fact sheet summarizes information contained in the full report, Municipal Solid Waste in the United States: 2011 Facts and Figures (EPA530-R-13-001).
 
05/01/2013Municipal Solid Waste in the United States: 2011 Facts and Figures (Full Report)Publication
 Description: This document describes the national municipal solid waste (MSW) stream based on data collected from 1960 through 2011. Specifically, this document provides information on MSW generation, recovery, and disposal from 1960 to 2011; per capita generation and discard rates; source reduction (waste prevention); materials that comprise MSW, as well as products found in the waste stream; aggregate data on the infrastructure for MSW management; and trends in MSW management from 1960 to 2011, including source reduction, recovery for recycling (including composting), and disposal via combustion and landfilling. The historical perspective presented in the document is useful for establishing trends in types of MSW generated and in the ways it is managed.
 
02/01/2012Putting Surplus Food to Good UsePublication
 Description: This document provides a how-to guide for food service providers to start a food waste reduction and recovery program at their facilities. Food service providers can improve the environment and provide benefits to communities by reducing, reusing, and recycling uneaten or unused food rather than throwing it away.
 
11/01/2011Municipal Solid Waste Generation, Recycling, and Disposal in the United States: Facts and Figures for 2010Publication
 Description: This fact sheet is the latest publication describing the national municipal solid waste (MSW) stream based on data collected from 1960 through 2010. It contains information on the benefits of recycling, as well as data on waste generation, recycling, and disposal. It is also accompanied by data tables that present detailed data that is produced each year and includes a summary of the methodology for developing this data. The full report incorporating these data tables is produced every other year and was last developed for the 2009 data.
 
10/01/2011RCRA Orientation Manual 2011Publication
 Description: This manual provides introductory information on the solid and hazardous waste management programs under the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA). Designed for EPA and state staff, members of the regulated community, and the general public who wish to better understand RCRA, this document constitutes a review of the RCRA program and is not a substitute for RCRA or its implementing regulations. This document updates the 2008 RCRA Orientation Manual (EPA530-R-07-010).
 
09/19/2011Final Report of the Dialogue on Sustainable Financing of Recycling of Packaging at the Municipal LevelPublication
 Description: This report constitutes the work product of The Dialogue on Sustainable Financing of Recycling of Packaging at the Municipal Level. At the request of several state and local governments, EPA convened this multistakeholder initiative in summer 2010 to address financing challenges confronting recycling of packaging waste. This dialogue represented a significant opportunity to identify ways to reduce packaging waste, increase recycling, and reduce the overall impact of packaging materials on the environment. While the report is a result of an EPA-convened dialogue, the report is a work product of the dialogue participants, and not of EPA. Reference to any specific company or commercial products, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise, does not constitute or imply its endorsement, recommendation or favoring by the United States Government.
 
05/01/2011Electronics Waste Management in the United States Through 2009Publication
 Description: This report provides data and information on electronics waste management in the United States. Specifically, the report models the number and weight of electronic products that are in use, storage, and end-of-life management in a given year; extending from purchase to the point when the product is either disposed or collected for recycling. This report addresses consumer electronic products, from both residential and commercial/institutional users, that were manufactured or imported for sale in the United States. The study encompasses the following product categories: Personal computers (PCs), including desktop central processing units (CPUs) and portables; computer displays, including cathode ray tube (CRT) monitors and flat-panel monitors; keyboards and mice; hard-copy devices, including printers, fax machines, scanners, digital copiers, and multi-function devices; televisions (TVs), including monochrome, CRT, flat-panel, and projection; and mobile devices, including cell phones, personal digital assistants (PDAs), smartphones, and pagers. This report updates EPA’s 2008 report Electronics Waste Management in the United States: Approach 1 (530-R-08-009).
 
05/01/2011Electronics Waste Management in the United States Through 2009; Executive SummaryPublication
 Description: This document summarizes Electronics Waste Management in the United States Through 2009 (530-R-11-002) and provides some of the facts and figures from the report.
 
01/01/2011Don't Be Left in the Dark: Safely Cleanup and Recycle CFLsPublication
 Description: This brochure describes how to safely clean up and recycle compact fluorescent lamps (CFLs) or bulbs and provides actions you can take to prevent broken CFLs.
 
01/01/2011No Se Quede a Oscuras: Con Precaucion Limpie y Recicle CFLs (Spanish - Don't Be Left in the Dark: Safely Cleanup and Recycle CFLs)Publication
 Description: This document is the Spanish version of Don't Be Left in the Dark: Safely Cleanup and Recycle CFLs (EPA530-F-11-001). This brochure describes how to safely clean up and recycle compact fluorescent lamps (CFLs) or bulbs and provides actions you can take to prevent broken CFLs.
 
12/01/2010Municipal Solid Waste Generation, Recycling, and Disposal in the United States: Facts and Figures for 2009 (Fact Sheet)Publication
 Description: This fact sheet is the latest publication describing the national municipal solid waste (MSW) stream based on data collected from 1960 through 2009. It contains information on the benefits of recycling, as well as data on waste generation, recycling, and disposal. This fact sheet summarizes information contained in the full report, Municipal Solid Waste in the United States: 2009 Facts and Figures (EPA530-R-10-012).
 
12/01/2010Municipal Solid Waste in the United States: 2009 Facts and Figures (Full Report)Publication
 Description: This document describes the national municipal solid waste (MSW) stream based on data collected from 1960 through 2009. Specifically, this document provides information on MSW generation, recovery, and disposal from 1960 to 2009; per capita generation and discard rates; source reduction (waste prevention); materials that comprise MSW, as well as products found in the waste stream; aggregate data on the infrastructure for MSW management; and trends in MSW management from 1960 to 2009, including source reduction, recovery for recycling (including composting), and disposal via combustion and landfilling. The historical perspective presented in the document is useful for establishing trends in types of MSW generated and in the ways it is managed.
 
10/29/2010Evaluating the Environmental Impacts of Packaging Fresh Tomatoes Using Life-Cycle Thinking & Assessment: A Sustainable Materials Management Demonstration ProjectPublication
 Description: This report quantifies the environmental impacts associated with three different packaging options for fresh tomatoes, and also assesses the effect of different packaging options on the life-cycle impacts of growing, transporting, and retailing fresh tomatoes to consumers.
 
10/01/2010A Green Guide for Waste Management and Recycling During Special Events at National Capital Region ParksPublication
 Description: This document, developed by EPA and the National Park Service, can help private event organizers and park managers successfully plan waste reduction and recycling programs for special events held at national parks. The guide walks organizers and managers through each step, beginning with pre-event planning, moving on to day-of-event tips, and concluding with post-event evaluation. Following these guidelines can make events more environmentally friendly, ultimately helping preserve the beauty and sustainability of the nation’s park system.
 
09/01/2010Science Fair Fun: Designing Environmental Science Projects for StudentsPublication
 Description: This document provides students in grades 6-8 with ideas and resources for developing environmental science fair projects about reducing, reusing, and recycling waste materials.
 
08/01/2010Reduce. Reuse. Recycle. Practice the 3 Rs Inside and OutPublication
 Description: This document describes ways to conserve natural resources and prevent climate change by practicing the 3 Rs - reduce, reuse, and recycle - in the kitchen, home office, garage, backyard, and on the go.
 
04/01/2010Green Renovation Brings a Community Back to Life: The Lazarus BuildingPublication
 Description: This fact sheet discusses renovation of the Lazarus Building in Columbus, Ohio. The Lazarus Team incorporated a variety of sustainable enhancements into the building renovation, including energy and water efficiency, improvements in indoor environmental quality, and the use of sustainable, recycled, and reused materials. The Lazarus Team’s vision resulted in the following key project attributes: reducing, reusing, and recycling materials during renovation and construction; using recycled-content products and materials in construction; cost savings and environmental benefits; environmental awards and recognition; and local community revitalization.
 
02/01/2010Recycling Organics at Boston Convention and Exhibition CenterPublication
 Description: This Recycle on the Go Success Story discusses how an organics recovery program helps the Boston Convention and Exhibition Center (BCEC) save money, feed the hungry, and lower its environmental footprint. By continuously evaluating the waste stream at the convention center and working with vendors and haulers to design a comprehensive program, BCEC is striving for maximum environmental results.
 
11/01/2009Municipal Solid Waste Generation, Recycling, and Disposal in the United States: Facts and Figures for 2008Publication
 Description: This fact sheet is the latest publication describing the national municipal solid waste (MSW) stream based on data collected from 1960 through 2008. It contains information on the benefits of recycling, as well as data on waste generation, recycling, and disposal. It is also accompanied by data tables that present detailed data that is produced each year, and includes a summary of our methodology for developing this data. The full report incorporating these data tables is produced every other year, and was last developed for the 2007 data.
 
11/01/2009Recycling at Penn State’s Beaver StadiumPublication
 Description: This Recycle on the Go Success Story discusses Penn State’s 13-year-old recycling program at Beaver Stadium, which has in the past diverted nearly 30 tons of recyclables per year from local landfills. A new initiative to promote recycling in the stadium’s tailgating area helped Penn State more than triple its old recycling record, collecting 112 tons in 2008. Proceeds from the sale of the recycled materials are donated to the local United Way—more than $54,000 to date.
 
11/01/2009Woody Guthrie Folk Festival Strikes a Chord with RecyclingPublication
 Description: This Recycle on the Go Success Story discusses the annual festival to celebrate the life and musical legacy of Woody Guthrie, one of America’s great folk music songwriters and troubadours. Held in the singer’s hometown of Okemah, Oklahoma, the Woody Guthrie Folk Festival features five days of live music, poetry, lectures, and films. And, since 2004, event goers have helped the festival recycle more than 31,600 pounds of waste.
 
10/01/2009GreenScapes Activities ListPublication
 Description: This interactive, electronic document provides a list of simple, cost-effective, and sustainable solutions to increase resource efficiency. When integrated into site planning and management, these GreenScapes activities can help save money on labor, equipment, and supplies while still having a great looking and healthy landscape.
 
09/01/2009Opportunities to Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions through Materials and Land Management PracticesPublication
 Description: This document discusses the significant potential to reduce the country’s greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions through materials management (e.g., recycling and waste prevention), and land management (e.g., brownfield redevelopment, land restoration, and smart growth). This document offers a new perspective on opportunities to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
 
09/01/2009SMART BET (Saving Money and Reducing Trash Benefit Evaluation Tool)Publication
 Description: This Excel-based tool is designed to help community waste managers decide whether unit-based pricing for solid waste management (also known as Pay-As-You-Throw or PAYT) is the right model for their town or city. SMART BET allows users, i.e., community waste managers, to input readily available information, such as tons of waste landfilled and recycled annually, local population, and landfill tip fees. The user may also provide a more detailed breakdown of the disposal and recycling streams, if this information is available. The tool then combines this information with nationwide average waste disposal data, typical SMART results, and greenhouse gas emission factors originally created for EPA’s Waste Reduction Model (WARM) to provide the greenhouse gas and cost savings that your community is likely to see after implementation of PAYT.
 
09/01/2009Tribal Waste Journal: What is an Integrated Waste Management Plan (IWMP)?Publication
 Description: This issue of the Tribal Waste Journal discusses Integrated Waste Management Plans (IWMPs), which may offer tribes an efficient and cost-effective way to reduce open dumping, effectively manage solid waste, and protect human health and the environment for this generation and the next.
 
09/01/2009“Green Servicizing” for a More Sustainable US Economy: Key concepts, tools and analyses to inform policy engagementPublication
 Description: This document describes the Green Servicizing concept; provides a working definition of high-potential Green Servicizing models; identifies ten such models and briefs their market status and environmental performance; provides an analysis and methodologies to assist in weighing policy engagement; and identifies possible next steps to begin more substantive engagement.
 
08/01/2009Brightwater Wastewater Treatment System: Built with the Environment in MindPublication
 Description: This fact sheet discusses the building of one of the most sustainable wastewater treatment systems in the United States, the Brightwater Treatment System in King County, Washington. From the beginning, the Brightwater Team made a commitment to sustainability. The architects, engineers, and contractors working on the project have been dedicated to protecting natural resources, limiting the impacts of construction, and leading the way in the development of sustainable practices. Brightwater used four key sustainable practices, including using coal fly ash in concrete as a cement substitute; retaining excavated soils on site to visually screen wastewater processing areas; reusing materials to create salmon habitat and a reforestation area; and building a green on-site environmental education and community center.
 
07/01/2009Using Recycled Industrial Materials in RoadwaysPublication
 Description: This fact sheet discusses the use of industrial materials in roadways and other infrastructure projects as an alternative to virgin materials and construction products. Many industrial materials have chemical and physical properties that make them valuable resources when recycled or beneficially reused, but they are often disposed of as waste. Industrial materials recycling is helping to green the nation’s infrastructure by making roadways more durable, conserving natural resources, decreasing energy use, and reducing greenhouse gas emissions.
 
06/01/2009Sustainable Materials Management: The Road AheadPublication
 Description: This document suggests a roadmap for the future based on materials management—fulfilling human needs and prospering, while using less materials, reducing toxics, and recovering more of the materials used.
 
04/01/2009Assessing the Management of Lead in Scrap Metal and Electric Arc Furnace DustPublication
 Description: This document investigates the sources of lead in ferrous scrap metal and potential methods for increasing the recovery of lead and reducing the lead content of scrap metal used as a raw material in electric arc furnaces (EAFs), thereby potentially reducing the lead content of the EAF air emission control dust/sludge (listed as K061 RCRA hazardous waste) generated from EAF operations.
 
04/01/2009Developing and Implementing an Airport Recycling ProgramPublication
 Description: This document was designed to help airport managers who want to create a more environmentally-friendly waste operation. EPA's hierarchy of waste management prioritizes source reduction, then reuse, recycling, and finally disposal in landfills. However, this guide focuses on recycling as a positive first step for airports to take as they conquer their waste issues.
 
03/01/2009Estimating 2003 Building-Related Construction and Demolition Materials AmountsPublication
 Description: This document presents the amount of building-related construction and demolition (C&D) materials generated and recovered in the United States during 2003, updating the findings of the 1998 EPA report Characterization of Building-Related Construction and Demolition Debris in the United States (EPA 530-R-98-010). Limited information is available on the amount of C&D materials generated and managed in the United States. The methodology used in this report to estimate the amount of building-related C&D materials generated and recovered during 2003 is based on national statistical data and typical waste generation during building construction, renovation, demolition, or maintenance activities. The recovery estimate relies on 2003 data reported by state environmental agencies.
 
11/01/2008Municipal Solid Waste Generation, Recycling, and Disposal in the United States: Facts and Figures for 2007 (Fact Sheet)Publication
 Description: This fact sheet is the latest publication describing the national municipal solid waste (MSW) stream based on data collected from 1960 through 2007. It contains information on the benefits of recycling, as well as data on waste generation, recycling, and disposal. This fact sheet summarizes information contained in the full report, Municipal Solid Waste in the United States: 2007 Facts and Figures (EPA530-R-08-010).
 
11/01/2008Municipal Solid Waste in the United States: 2007 Facts and Figures (Full Report)Publication
 Description: This document describes the national municipal solid waste (MSW) stream based on data collected from 1960 through 2007. Specifically, this document provides information on MSW generation, recovery, and disposal from 1960 to 2007; per capita generation and discard rates; source reduction (waste prevention); materials that comprise MSW, as well as products found in the waste stream; aggregate data on the infrastructure for MSW management; and trends in MSW management from 1960 to 2007, including source reduction, recovery for recycling (including composting), and disposal via combustion and landfilling. The historical perspective presented in the document is useful for establishing trends in types of MSW generated and in the ways it is managed.
 
11/01/2008Prácticas de Jardinería Ecológica: Planificador para las estaciones (Spanish - GreenScapes Seasonal Planner)Publication
 Description: This document is the Spanish version of the GreenScapes Seasonal Planner (EPA530-F-07-045). This document provides a calendar with seasonal recommendations for watering, using pesticides and fertilizers, composting, and other practices to help homeowners GreenScape their lawns and gardens.
 
10/30/2008Responsible Recycling (R2) Practices for Use in Accredited Certification ProgramsPublication
 Description: This document describes guidelines for accredited certification programs to assess electronics recyclers’ environmental, worker health and safety, and security practices. The voluntary responsible recycling practices include general principles and specific practices for recyclers disassembling or reclaiming used electronics equipment including those electronics that are exported for refurbishment and recycling.
 
10/21/2008SCRAP TIRE RECYCLINGMemo
 Description: Resource Conservation Challenge works to find strong and diverse markets for scrap tires as a best strategy for diverting scrap tires from going into tire piles, landfills, or the side of the road. Tires are composed of vulcanized rubber, steel wire, and other fibers. Tires cannot simply be melted and formed into the same product again. Only a small amount of scrap tire rubber (3-5%) is incorporated into new tires. It is more efficient to either incinerate them for energy recovery or recycle them into other products. Discussion of types of products made from scrap tires. Cleanup of roadside debris is best handled by the state or local government.
 
10/01/2008San Francisco’s Moscone Center Aims for 75 Percent Waste Diversion by 2010Publication
 Description: This Recycle on the Go Success Story discusses San Francisco's premiere convention center, the Moscone Center, which has an overall recycling rate that has exceeded 50 percent since 1998. Over the last five years, the convention center has annually diverted an average of more than 800 tons of materials from the waste stream. Since compost collection began in 2004, overall diversion numbers have continued to climb, reaching 500 tons in the first half of 2008 alone. Of this, over 10 percent represents donation of reusable materials to local nonprofit organizations.
 
10/01/2008Using Recycled Industrial Materials in BuildingsPublication
 Description: This fact sheet discusses the use of recycled industrial materials, the byproducts of industrial processes, in buildings as an alternative to virgin materials and building products.
 
09/19/2008Draft Guidance on EPA Identification of U.S. Pre-Approved Facilities to Receive Hazardous Waste Imports from OECD Member CountriesPublication
 Description: This draft guidance document suggests an approach on how United States recovery facilities may request that EPA identify them as a ‘pre-approved’ facility for purposes of receiving RCRA hazardous wastes, originating in OECD Member countries, for recovery in the United States.
 
09/09/2008PLASTIC RECYCLING AND RESIN IDENTIFICATION CODESMemo
 Description: EPA has been working with the plastics industry and bottling companies to make identifying recyclables easier. The Municipal Solid Waste Rebranding Campaign is a national consumer campaign to promote recycling. The Beverage Container Recycling Initiative seeks to develop a significant, sustainable, and long term commitment to increase beverage container collection and recycling. The Sustainable Packaging Coalition is an industry working group of more than 150 companies dedicated to transforming packaging into a system that encourages a sustainable flow of materials.
 
09/01/2008King County’s Marymoor Park Turns Up the Volume on RecyclingPublication
 Description: This Recycle on the Go Success Story discusses Marymoor Park in Redmond, Washington, which has launched an innovative recycling program at its summer concert series. About half the waste produced by vendors and concertgoers was recycled in 2007. Marymoor officials have improved signage, mandated some compostable materials, and attracted a few more well-trained volunteers.
 
08/01/2008How to Involve Concessionaires & Vendors in Your Recycling ProgramPublication
 Description: This Recycle on the Go fact sheet provides information for operations managers, recycling and event coordinators, and other key decision-makers involved in planning and managing public venues and events. It explains the key role in recycling and waste prevention played by concessionaires, vendors, and exhibitors. This fact sheet covers venues with a permanent recycling infrastructure as well as special events that implement temporary recycling collection activities.
 
08/01/2008How to Start a Recycling Program at Your AirportPublication
 Description: This Recycle on the Go fact sheet provides information for operations managers, recycling coordinators, and other key decision-makers at airports on how to start a recycling program. Airports provide many opportunities for recycling on the go. With increased terminal security, passengers spend more time in airports than ever before and with this extra time, they buy and consume more food and beverages. Passengers and airport personnel generate tons of materials and waste every day, much of which can be recycled. An airport that implements a recycling program helps make the recycling ethic second nature to people away from home and reduces its environmental footprint in the community it serves.
 
07/15/2008ASPHALT SHINGLES RECYCLING AND ASBESTOSMemo
 Description: The percentage of asphalt shingles that contain more than one percent asbestos entering recycling operations is extremely low. Asphalt shingle recycling operations utilize misters and other emissions control devices, which is likely to mitigate any health concern from these operations. The costs and logistics of extensive testing of shingles for asbestos required by some regulators to meet air standards may be so burdensome in some areas as to prohibit the recycling of asphalt shingles. EPA is currently working within the Agency to determine how regulations, specifically the National Emission Standard for Asbestos (asbestos NESHAP; 40 CFR Part 61, Subpart M), apply to facilities that recycle asphalt shingles.
 
07/01/2008Electronics Waste Management in the United States: Approach One (Final)Publication
 Description: This document describes the results of one of two different methodologies that EPA used to estimate the amounts of commonly handled electronics that are stored, reused, recycled, and disposed. This approach relies primarily on market research data on sales of electronic products. It then applies these sales data to some of the most comprehensive collection information available to estimate product life spans and the amounts of particular products that are ready for end-of-life (EOL) management. From these EOL estimates, the estimated quantity recycled was subtracted to yield the quantity disposed. This approach also provides information on the export of cathode ray tube monitors and TVs, as well as the amount of selected electronics cumulatively in storage.
 
07/01/2008Fact Sheet: Management of Electronic Waste in the United StatesPublication
 Description: This fact sheet describes the management of electronic waste in the United States. In an effort to get a better understanding of the scope of the issue, EPA is providing a snapshot of electronics management and waste generation in recent years. As products, usage patterns, and management options change, purchase, storage, and end-of-life disposition patterns also are likely to change. Details are available on the data sources, assumptions, and calculations underlying the information in two complementary reports: Electronics Waste Management in the United States: Approach One and Management of Electronic Waste in the United States: Approach Two.
 
06/03/2008Study on Increasing the Usage of Recovered Mineral Components in Federally Funded Projects Involving Procurement of Cement or Concrete to Address the Safe, Accountable, Flexible, Efficient Transportation Equity Act: A Legacy for Users; Report to CongressPublication
 Description: This report to Congress contains EPA’s analysis of the information addressed in the Safe, Accountable, Flexible, Efficient Transportation Equity Act: A Legacy for Users (SAFETEA-LU). SAFETEA-LU directs EPA to conduct a study to determine the extent to which procurement requirements, when fully implemented, may realize energy savings and environmental benefits attainable with substitution of recovered mineral components in cement used in cement or concrete projects.
 
06/01/2008A Collection of Solid Waste Resources, 2008 Edition (CD-ROM)Publication
 Description: This CD contains more than three hundred publications on hazardous and nonhazardous waste including Spanish publications. The publications cover many topics including recycling and reuse, buying recycled, hazardous waste management, composting, and used motor oil. In addition, the CD includes a wide variety of educational materials. The CD also contains information about the Resource Conservation Challenge (RCC), an innovative national effort to find flexible, yet protective, ways to conserve the nation's resources.
 
06/01/2008Construction InitiativePublication
 Description: This document discusses EPA's Construction Initiative (CI), a collaborative, public-private sector effort to increase the recycling and reuse of industrial materials in building and transportation construction projects. The Initiative increases awareness of the potential value and unique abilities of these materials to replace virgin materials in numerous construction applications.
 
06/01/2008San Francisco Uses Ordinance to Promote Recycling in Public PlacesPublication
 Description: This Recycle on the Go Success Story discusses San Francisco, which hosts thousands of sporting events, street fairs, festivals, and concerts annually. Although these events bring communities together, they also generate large amounts of waste. To cut down on this volume of waste, the city passed an ordinance that requires recycling at special events. In addition, San Francisco banned the use of polystyrene food service ware by vendors. As a result, San Francisco’s innovative public space recycling program helped the city achieve a 70 percent waste diversion rate in 2006, surpassing the state-mandated recycling law.
 
05/01/2008GreenScapes Seasonal PlannerPublication
 Description: This document provides a calendar with seasonal recommendations for watering, using pesticides and fertilizers, composting, and other practices to help homeowners GreenScape their lawns and gardens.
 
02/01/2008Environmental Fact Sheet: Partnership Recovers One Million SwitchesPublication
 Description: This fact sheet highlights the milestone of the National Vehicle Mercury Switch Recovery Program (NVMSRP) collecting its millionth mercury-containing automotive switch. This milestone highlights how the NVMSRP partnership is making progress toward reducing the amount of toxic mercury released into the air, water and land. The goal of the NVMSRP is to capture 80 to 90 percent of available vehicle mercury switches by 2017, when the program is scheduled to end.
 
12/01/2007Wisconsin Uses Ordinances and Permits to Promote Recycling in Public PlacesPublication
 Description: This Recycle on the Go Success Story discusses Wisconsin’s Solid Waste Reduction, Recovery, and Recycling Law, which requires everyone in the state to recycle, whether at home, at work, or at away-from-home settings like fairs, festivals, sports events, conferences, and meetings. Every Wisconsin community has a recycling ordinance with language similar to that of the state law. The state of Wisconsin, and two of its communities in particular—the City of Madison and Waukesha County—are using regulations and ordinances in conjunction with public outreach and education as tools to enhance their public place recycling programs.
 
11/01/2007Municipal Solid Waste Generation, Recycling, and Disposal in the United States: 2006 Facts and FiguresPublication
 Description: This fact sheet is the latest publication describing the national municipal solid waste (MSW) stream based on data collected from 1960 through 2006. It contains information on the benefits of recycling, as well as data on waste generation, recycling, and disposal. It is also accompanied by data tables that present detailed data that is produced each year, and includes a summary of our methodology for developing this data. The full report incorporating these data tables is produced every other year, and was last developed for the 2005 data.
 
09/01/2007Building for the Future by Recycling Industrial MaterialsPublication
 Description: This document describes how putting industrial materials, such as coal ash, foundry sand, construction and demolition materials, slag, and gypsum into productive use saves resources and contributes to a sustainable future. These materials are valuable products of industrial processes and have many of the same properties as the virgin materials they replace.
 
09/01/2007City of Pittsburgh Ordinance for Recycling in Public PlacesPublication
 Description: This Recycle on the Go Success Story discusses the city of Pittsburgh's recycling program. The city knows that its citizens want to recycle wherever they are, whether at home, at work, or out and about. With the goal of doubling the amount of recyclables the city collects in 2007, city officials revved up efforts to promote recycling at special events, including at Pittsburgh Steelers and University of Pittsburgh football games. In addition to working closely with event planners and various sports organizations, the city credits local regulations and guidelines for helping to make recycling at special events a success.
 
09/01/2007Delaware State Fair Recycling InitiativePublication
 Description: This Recycle on the Go Success Story discusses recycling at the Delaware State Fair. In 2006, fair organizers launched a recycling initiative during the 10-day event in Harrington, Delaware, inviting fairgoers to dispose of their beverage containers in recycling bins and encouraging concessionaires to collect their cardboard packaging for recycling. The successful initiative raked in 6,958 pounds of recyclables. 2007, fair organizers upped the ante by about 7 percent, collecting 7,470 pounds of materials for recycling.
 
09/01/2007Qualcomm Stadium’s Recycling ProgramPublication
 Description: This Recycle on the Go Success Story discusses Qualcomm Stadium, home of the San Diego Chargers football team, which has been recycling for almost 18 years. The stadium even has donated its sod to local YMCAs and Boys and Girls Clubs of America to use on their playing fields. From bins placed in the parking lots for tailgating fans to an innovative partnership with a nonprofit organization that provides workers to collect the recyclables, the stadium demonstrates a commitment to growing its recycling program as well as improving the community.
 
09/01/2007Teach English, Teach about the Environment: A Resource for Teachers of Adult English for Speakers of Other LanguagesPublication
 Description: This document can help instructors teach English for Speakers of Other Languages (ESOL) to adult students while introducing basic concepts about the environment and individual environmental responsibility. These concepts can help the newly-arrived be part of cleaner and healthier communities by understanding and practicing the 3Rs of solid waste management: reduce, reuse, and recycle.
 
09/01/2007University of Tennessee, Neyland Stadium’s Recycling ProgramPublication
 Description: This Recycle on the Go Success Story discusses Neyland Stadium, located on the University of Tennessee (UT) campus in Knoxville, which is home of the UT Volunteers football team. With a seating capacity of 104,079, it is the largest football stadium in the South, and the third-largest college stadium in the country. Since 1993, the stadium has collected more than 50 tons of materials for recycling.
 
07/01/2007Working Together for a Healthy Environment: A Guide for Multi-Cultural Community GroupsPublication
 Description: This document is designed to help community-based organizations and community leaders or activists plan and execute community events that promote the 3Rs of solid waste management: reduce, reuse, and recycle. Community groups are in a unique position to take the lead in raising awareness about resource conservation, good solid waste management, and safeguarding the environment for future generations. This guide provides ideas for community events, such as workshops, radio events, and other campaigns, and resources for developing these events.
 
05/17/2007PRODUCER OR MANUFACTURER RESPONSIBILITIES FOR FINANCING, COLLECTION, AND RECYCLING OF MERCURY-CONTAINING LAMPS OR OTHER ELECTRONIC PRODUCTSMemo
 Description: EPA’s Office of Solid Waste (OSW) is not aware of existing laws or regulations to establish producer or manufacturer responsibilities for financing and organizing the collection and recycling of mercury-containing lamps. OSW’s focus is on establishment and implementation of voluntary partnerships and programs aimed at increasing the lamp recycling rate. Currently four states (California, Maryland, Washington, and Minnesota) have laws requiring the takeback and financing of selected electronic products (usually televisions (TVs) and computer monitors).
 
04/01/2007Management of Electronic Waste in the United States: Approach Two (Draft Final)Publication
 Description: This document describes the results of one of two different methodologies that EPA used to estimate the amounts of commonly handled electronics that are stored, reused, recycled, and disposed. This approach relies primarily on government statistics on sales of electronic products. It then uses the same lifespan data (with some modifications) as Approach One to estimate end-of-life (EOL) quantities. From these EOL estimates, the quantity of selected electronics disposed was subtracted to yield the quantity recycled. This approach also provides information on the composition of electronic products, as well as the number of select electronic devices entering storage/reuse annually.
 
02/01/2007Tools to Reduce Waste in SchoolsPublication
 Description: This document helps schools and school districts reduce the amount of waste that they generate. It discusses how to start a waste reduction program or expand an existing one. The guide will also describe how a waste reduction program can benefit schools, communities, and the environment by reducing, reusing, and recycling waste.
 
01/01/2007GreenScapes Tip SheetPublication
 Description: This fact sheet provides tips for GreenScaping to reduce the economic and environmental cost of waste materials, water, pesticides, fuels, and oils from landscaping and grounds keeping operations. These tips include ways to reduce, reuse, recycle, and rebuy when landscaping.
 
12/01/2006Lowell Folk Festival Recycling ProgramPublication
 Description: This Recycle on the Go Success Story describes how the free Lowell Folk Festival has become a national model for recycling at large-scale special events, achieving an impressive 95 percent waste diversion rate.
 
12/01/2006National Cherry Blosson Festival Recycling ProjectPublication
 Description: This Recycle on the Go Success Story describes how the National Park Service and EPA successfully implemented a pilot recycling program in 2006 at the National Cherry Blosson Festival in Washington, D.C.
 
12/01/2006Sea-Tac Airport Recycling ProgramPublication
 Description: This Recycle on the Go Success Story describes how Sea-Tac Airport has reduced its environmental footprint and saved money by continually enhancing its recycling program.
 
12/01/2006Wisconsin Rest Area Recycling ProgramPublication
 Description: This Recycle on the Go Success Story describes how the Wisconsin Department of Transportation implemented an innovative and successful recycling program.
 
12/01/2006Yellowstone National Park Recycling ProgramPublication
 Description: This Recycle on the Go Success Story describes how Yellowstone National Park maximizes environmental sustainability in the 2.2-million acre park and educates up to 2 million visitors annually.
 
11/01/2006The Switch to Recyclable Coated Packaging for PoultryPublication
 Description: This case study examines the switch by Albertsons from traditional non-recyclable wax-coated boxes to recyclable coated packaging options for poultry.
 
10/01/2006Food Scraps Go to the Animals: Barthold Recycling and Roll-off ServicesPublication
 Description: This surplus food recovery and recycling success story discusses Barthold Recycling and Roll-Off Services, a company that picks up food scraps from commercial businesses and feeds the scraps to pigs and cattle.
 
10/01/2006Food to Fuel: Pacific Biodiesel, Inc.Publication
 Description: This surplus food recovery and recycling success story discusses Hawaii-based Pacific Biodiesel, Inc., a company that converts recycled cooking oil into fuel for its equipment and vehicles. Biodiesel production diverts cooking oil from landfills, while its use reduces emissions of major greenhouse gases.
 
10/01/2006Recycle on the Go: Recycling Places in Public SpacesPublication
 Description: This document provides tips for a successful Recycle on the Go Program and discusses the benefits of a public recycling program.
 
10/01/2006Shopping for Change: MassDEP Supermarket Recycling ProgramPublication
 Description: This surplus food recovery and recycling success story discusses a partnership between the Massachusetts Department of Environmental Protection (MassDEP) and the Massachusetts Food Association (MFA) to increase organics recycling at supermarkets in their state. Supermarkets in Massachusetts are reducing, recovering, and recycling their food waste and saving money by participating in the state’s voluntary supermarket recycling certification program.
 
09/01/2006GreenScapes Success Story: A Greener GreenPublication
 Description: This GreenScapes Success Story discusses the use of “green” methods to maintain the grass on the golf course at the North Shore Country Club in Glenview, Illinois. Instead of chemical fertilizers and pesticides, the club uses a 50-50 mix of nutrient-rich biosolids from the Chicago Metropolitan Sanitary Sewer District and compost made from yard waste to keep the greens healthy and aesthetically pleasing.
 
09/01/2006GreenScapes Success Story: Adding Green to Queens Botanical GardenPublication
 Description: This GreenScapes Success Story discusses how the Queens Botanical Garden (QBG) merged new technology with natural elements to reduce the environmental footprint of its newest buildings. QBG's award-winning building design incorporates components like a green roof, composting toilets, and a rainwater harvest system to lessen the impact of its construction and operations.
 
09/01/2006GreenScapes Success Story: EPA Facilities Reduce Water Consumption and Meet GoalsPublication
 Description: This GreenScapes Success Story discusses how innovative landscaping techniques at two EPA facilities are conserving water while helping the facilities meet federal environmental goals. The landscapes at the National Computer Center (NCC) in Research Triangle Park, North Carolina, and EPA Region 8's laboratory in Golden, Colorado, are designed to reduce the need for irrigation by using water-efficient designs and native plants suited to local conditions.
 
09/01/2006GreenScapes Success Story: Greenscaping From the Ground UpPublication
 Description: This GreenScapes Success Story discusses Parrot Jungle Island's (PJI) environmentally sustainable landscaping project. The 18-acre park, located just south of Miami, Florida, completed an extensive four-year building plan, including elevation, vegetation, horticultural, irrigation, and cultivation changes. In the process, this GreenScapes Partner has shown that a holistic approach to landscape site development can be successful, cost-effective, and environmentally sound.
 
09/01/2006Solid Waste Management and Greenhouse Gases: A Life-Cycle Assessment of Emissions and Sinks; 3rd EditionPublication
 Description: This report examines how municipal solid waste management and climate change are related. Management of municipal solid waste presents many opportunities for greenhouse gas emission reductions. Source reduction and recycling can reduce emissions at the manufacturing stage, increase forest carbon storage, and avoid landfill methane emissions. Combustion of waste allows energy recovery to displace fossil fuel-generated electricity from utilities, thus reducing greenhouse gas emissions from the utility sector and landfill methane emissions. Diverting organic materials from landfills also reduces methane emissions.
 
07/01/2006El ciclo de vida de un balon de futbol (Spanish - The Life Cycle of a Soccer Ball)Publication
 Description: This poster is the Spanish version of The Life Cycle of a Soccer Ball (EPA530-H-05-001). This poster illustrates how to reduce the environmental impacts of a soccer ball during each stage of its entire life cycle, including gathering the materials, preparing the materials, putting the pieces together, getting the soccer ball to the consumer, using the ball, and getting rid of the ball.
 
06/01/2006GreenScaping: The Easy Way to a Greener, Healthier YardPublication
 Description: This document describes five steps to GreenScape your lawn, a set of landscaping practices that can improve the health and appearance of your lawn and garden while protecting and preserving natural resources.
 
06/01/2006Jardineria Ecologica: La manera facil de lograr un jardin mas verdoso y saludable (Spanish - GreenScaping: The Easy Way to a Greener, Healthier Yard)Publication
 Description: This document is the Spanish version of GreenScaping: The Easy Way to a Greener, Healthier Yard (EPA530-K-06-002). This document describes five steps to GreenScape your lawn, a set of landscaping practices that can improve the health and appearance of your lawn and garden while protecting and preserving natural resources.
 
05/01/2006Environmental Fact Sheet: Easier Recycling of Cathode Ray TubesPublication
 Description: This fact sheet discusses the July 28, 2006, Cathode Ray Tubes (CRTs) Final Rule designed to streamline the management of CRTs, making it easier to collect and recycle CRTs (71 FR 42928). Safely recycling CRTs saves energy and conserves resources, allows the recovered lead to be reused in other ways, and reduces the amount of lead in landfills.
 
05/01/2006Make a Difference in Your School: A How-to Guide for Engaging Students in Resource Conservation and Waste ReductionPublication
 Description: This document provides advice, ideas, and inspiration to teachers, school administrators, and others for planning a hands-on environmental day at school. It also provides ways to teach students about reducing waste, reusing materials instead of throwing them away, recycling, composting, and conserving natural resources and energy. EPA hopes that schools across the country will embrace the ideas presented in the document and involve their students in environmental studies and activities.
 
02/01/2006RECYCLING Memo
 Description: EPA established national recycling goal of 35% by 2008. In 2003, the national average recycling rate by weight was 30.6%. Includes discussion of saved energy and end-use markets for recycled materials. Two organizations with additional information on recycling statistics include the National Recycling Coalition and their U.S. Recycling Economic Information (REI) Study, and Businesses and Environmentalists Allied for Recycling (BEAR).
 
01/01/2006Pack a Waste-Free Lunch (Poster)Publication
 Description: This poster was designed to help students learn how to reduce, reuse, and recycle items in their school lunches. The poster can be displayed in classrooms and throughout schools to get students interested in waste-free lunches and to learn how to organize a Waste-Free Lunch Day.
 
11/01/2005The Life Cycle of a Soccer BallPublication
 Description: This poster illustrates how to reduce the environmental impacts of a soccer ball during each stage of its entire life cycle, including gathering the materials, preparing the materials, putting the pieces together, getting the soccer ball to the consumer, using the ball, and getting rid of the ball.
 
10/01/2005Resource Conservation Challenge: Green Initiatives - ElectronicsPublication
 Description: This document describes one of the goals of the Resource Conservation Challenge (RCC), targeting all phases of the electronics life cycle. The RCC’s main goal for electronics waste is to get manufacturers, retailers, consumers, and state and local governments to cooperate in a national plan that reduces the amount of toxic chemicals used in electronics, reduces the amount of energy used by electronic products, reduces the amount of manufacturing and consumer waste produced every year, and provides a future infrastructure for recycling and reusing old electronic equipment. The document also gives examples of RCC Partnerships that address electronics life cycles, and resources to learn more about green initiatives for electronics.
 
08/01/2005El Ciclo de Vida de un Teléfono Celular (Spanish - The Life Cycle of a Cell Phone) (Poster)Publication
 Description: This poster is the Spanish version of The Life Cycle of a Cell Phone (EPA530-H-04-002). This poster illustrates the stages in the life cycle of a cell phone including materials extraction, materials processing, manufacturing, packaging and transportation, useful life, and end-of-life.
 
08/01/2005GreenScapes Success Story: Benefits of Native LandscapingPublication
 Description: This GreenScapes Success Story discusses the native landscaping installed by WinterCreek Restoration at the Century Park retail complex in central Oregon, which never needs fertilizer, pesticides, extensive watering, or mowing.
 
08/01/2005GreenScapes Success Story: Improving Highway Safety Through Erosion ControlPublication
 Description: This GreenScapes Success Story discusses the use of organic and environmentally friendly compost-based erosion control techniques to address blowing sand from a steep sandy slope next to Interstate 84 in Glenns Ferry, Idaho, a problem that reduced visibility and created dangerous driving conditions that could shut down a stretch of the Interstate. Using an ""erosion blend"" compost from Utah-based Miller Companies, LC, GreenCover America's compost blankets and berms aim to control erosion through complete and rapid revegetation.
 
06/24/2005TOXIC WASTE CONTAMINANTS IN FERTILIZERS AND LABELING FOR FERTILIZER PRODUCTSMemo
 Description: Few fertilizers are made from recycled hazardous wastes. Most of these are made from a variety of zinc-bearing industrial wastes. Fertilizer manufacturers must use a series of processing steps to remove contaminants (lead, cadmium, arsenic, chromium, mercury, dioxins, etc.) in order to meet EPA standards. Adding hazardous wastes to fertilizers as a way of disposing of them is illegal; EPA has not revealed any evidence that such "sham" recycling is a widespread practice. State agriculture agencies typically have regulatory authority over fertilizer contents, including labeling on fertilizer packaging.
 
06/01/2005Don't ""Waste"" Your Chance To Do Your Share—How to Reduce Your Climate FootprintPublication
 Description: This document discusses climate change, the link between greenhouse gases (GHGs) and waste, life cycle assessments (LCAs), ways to mitigate climate change, and WasteWise tools related to climate change.
 
06/01/2005The Quest for Less - Activities and Resource for Teaching K-6Publication
 Description: This document provides hands-on lessons and activities, enrichment ideas, journal writing assignments and other educational tools and skills to encourage students to reduce, reuse, and recycle. Teachers can use the to develop or supplement their lesson plans, as special week-long units on the environment and solid waste, or to commemorate Earth Day. Replaces 530-R-00-008.
 
04/01/2005Municipal Solid Waste Generation, Recycling, and Disposal in the United States: Facts and Figures for 2003Publication
 Description: This document provides a summary of the national municipal solid waste (MSW) stream based on data collected from 1960 through 2003. This historical perspective is useful for establishing trends in the types of MSW generated and in the ways they are managed, as well as determining where the United States needs to make environmental improvement.
 
03/23/2005USE OF RECYCLED MATERIAL IN HOME CONSTRUCTIONMemo
 Description: The EPA lacks the statutory authority to require the use of recovered materials by the home construction industry in its manufacture of house siding and other construction mateirals or to require recycling of such materials. States, communities, and industry have developed voluntary approaches to reduce, reuse, and recycle construction materials.
 
12/01/2004America's Marketplace Recycles: A Guide to Waste Reduction at Shopping CentersPublication
 Description: This guide was created by EPA, in collaboration with the International Council of Shopping Centers (ICSC), to help shopping centers assess their waste management practices and identify opportunities to reduce waste disposal, increase reuse and recycling, save money, and contribute to their local communities. This guide also serves as a resource to local and state recycling coordinators to work with shopping centers in their jurisdictions to design and implement waste prevention and recycling programs.
 
12/01/2004FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS ABOUT THE USED OIL MANAGEMENT STANDARDS IN 40 CFR PART 279Memo
 Description: A generator is not required to recycle either characteristic or nonhazardous used oil. EPA presumes used oil wil be recycled and managed under Part 279 until disposed or sent for disposal (SEE ALSO 57 FR 41566, 41578; 10/10/92). A generator disposing or sending for disposal used oil that exhibits a characteristic of hazardous waste must manage the used oil in accordance with RCRA Subtitle C. A generator disposing or sending for disposal used oil that is nonhazardous must manage the used oil in accordance with RCRA Subtitle D. Used oil must be managed according to Part 279 provisions until it is actually disposed of or sent off site for disposal. There is no limit on the amount of time used oil generators can accumulate used oil on site before sending it for recycling or disposal.
 
09/01/2004The New Wave in Electronics: eCyclingPublication
 Description: This document discusses how consumers can reuse or recycle old electronics, or eCycle, including ways to eCycle, where to eCycle, and the benefits of eCycling.
 
09/01/2004Vayamos de Compras Verdes (Spanish - Let's Go Green Shopping)Publication
 Description: This publication is the Spanish translation of Let's Go Green Shopping (EPA530-K-04-003). It provides tips and resources for "green purchasing." Green purchasing means shopping with the environment in mind by buying products that help conserve natural resources, save energy, and prevent waste or by not buying things that aren't needed. This document is part of the Resource Conservation Challenge (RCC), which calls on all Americans to prevent pollution, promote recycling and reuse, and conserve energy and materials.
 
08/01/2004The Life Cycle of a Cell Phone (Poster)Publication
 Description: This poster illustrates the stages in the life cycle of a cell phone including materials extraction, materials processing, manufacturing, packaging and transportation, useful life, and end-of-life.
 
07/06/2004RECYCLABILITY OF PLASTIC VERSUS GLASSMemo
 Description: Containers not required to be made of specific materials. Manufacturers may choose materials based on their weight, safety, and design. Many types of plastic can be recycled. HDPE and PET are the most common type of plastic to be recycled. EPA encourages recycling of glass, metal, plastic beverage containers, newspapers, corrugated cardboard, and other materials. Local regulations may require recycling of certain materials.
 
06/24/2004RECYCLING WASTE MATERIALSMemo
 Description: Recycling by individual government employees is not required. Executive Order 13101 requires that waste prevention and recycling be incorporated into agency operations and disposal viewed as a last resort. Section 705 directs agencies to initiate a program promoting cost-effective waste prevention and recycling of reusable materials, designate a recycling coordinator for each facility or installation, and consider cooperative ventures to promote recycling and waste reduction. RCRA has design and management standards for municipal solid waste landfills to ensure household hazardous waste is safely contained. Discusses the Resource Conservation Challenge.
 
04/01/2004Let's Go Green ShoppingPublication
 Description: This document provides tips and resources for "green purchasing." Green purchasing means shopping with the environment in mind by buying products that help conserve natural resources, save energy, and prevent waste or by not buying things that aren't needed.
 
04/01/2004Setting Up a Home Office: Making Environmental ChoicesPublication
 Description: This document provides some simple ideas for maintaining an environmentally friendly home office with energy and resource saving tips for office equipment, paper, writing tools, and furniture.
 
04/01/2004The Power of Change: Protecting the Environment for the Next Generation (kit)Publication
 Description: This free kit of resources explains how to reduce waste, conserve our natural resources, and save energy. The kit is part of the "Power of Change" campaign, which teaches older Americans what they can do to help reduce waste and protect the environment for the next generation. The kit includes the publications Volunteer for Change: A Guide to Environmental Community Service (EPA530-K-01-002); Voluntarios para el Cambio: Una Guia para el Servicio Comunitario Ambiental (Spanish - Volunteer for Change: A Guide to Environmental Community Service) (EPA530-K-01-002s); Collecting Used Oil for Recycling/Reuse: Tips for Consumers Who Change Their Own Motor Oil and Oil Filters (EPA530-F-94-008); Recoleccion de Aceite Usado Para Reciclaje o Reutilización (Spanish - Collecting Used Oil for Recycling/Reuse) (EPA530-F-94-008S); Household Hazardous Waste: Steps to Safe Management (EPA530-F-92-031); Desechos Domesticos Peligrosos: Pasos Para Un Manejo Seguro (Spanish - Household Hazardous Waste: Steps to Safe Management) (EPA530-F-92-031s); Protect Yourself, Protect Others: Safe Options for Home Needle Disposal (EPA530-K-04-004); Moving Out, Moving In: Making Environmental Choices When You Move (EPA530-K-04-002); A Collection of Solid Waste Resources on CD-ROM, 2004 Edition: Design a World with Less Waste (EPA530-C-04-001); Setting Up a Home Office: Making Environmental Choices (EPA530-F-04-007); and Reducing Waste When You Travel: Making Environmental Choices (EPA530-F-04-019).
 
03/01/2004Reutilizacion + Reciclaje = Reduccion de Desechos: Una Guia para Escuelas y Grupos (Spanish - Reuse + Recycling = Waste Reduction: A Guide for Schools and Groups)Publication
 Description: This publication is the Spanish translation of Reuse + Recycling = Waste Reduction: A Guide for Schools and Groups (EPA530-K-03-001). This document discusses how waste reduction efforts save money, energy, and natural resources, and educates children and young adults about how solid waste affects their lives and the environment.
 
02/01/2004Haciendo Aún Más Verde (""Greenscaping"") su Césped y Jardín (Spanish - ""Greenscaping"" Your Lawn and Garden)Publication
 Description: This document is the Spanish version of ""Greenscaping"" Your Lawn and Garden (EPA530-K-03-002). This document provides simple waste reduction practices to improve not only your lawn and garden, but also the environment.
 
02/01/2004Moving Out, Moving In: Making Environmental Choices When You MovePublication
 Description: This document suggests environmentally safe alternatives to throwing away unwanted possessions when moving out and ways to purchase new items with the environment in mind when moving in. It also discusses how to identify items for reuse, recycling, and special disposal, and suggests resources for more information about donating goods, reuse and recycling, and buying recycled goods.
 
12/01/2003SCOPE OF THE SHREDDED CIRCUIT BOARDS EXCLUSIONMemo
 Description: Circuit boards that have mercury switches, mercury relays, nickel-cadmium batteries, and lithium batteries removed prior to shredding and that are containerized prior to recycling are eligible for the exclusion in 261.4(a)(14). The exclusion is limited to circuit boards free of these items to prevent environmental releases of mercury, cadmium, and lithium. "Free of" does not mean that the whole circuit boards never contained these items, but that these items are not part of the circuit boards when they are shredded (SEE ALSO: 62 FR 26013; May 12, 1997). If the items are removed from whole circuit boards prior to shredding, the boards remain covered by the exclusion. Shredded circuit boards that are not free of these items are solid wastes and may be hazardous wastes when recycled.
 
09/22/2003PRODUCT PACKAGING WASTE PREVENTION AND RECYCLING Memo
 Description: EPA has no legal authority to establish regulations to use packaging with less environmental impacts. EPA works with states, communities, and businesses to encourage voluntary reduction of solid waste and educates citizens to choose products with packaging that is less environmentally harmful. Citizens can contact packaging associations and manufacturers about packaging standards and encourage companies to not use packaging with negative environmental impacts. The Federal government buys products made from recycled materials and issues recommendations on buying products with recycled content and other favorable attributes. Some states have legislation regarding product packaging.
 
07/01/2003GreenScapes Success Story: Abandoned Plastics Find a Home!Publication
 Description: This GreenScapes Success Story discusses Agri-Plas, Inc., the only agricultural plastic recycling center in the nation that collects all types of plastic.
 
07/01/2003GreenScapes Success Story: Bobsledding on BottlesPublication
 Description: This GreenScapes Success Story discusses the use of one million milk jugs and detergent bottles to make new and improved platforms for bobsled, luge, and skeleton racing at the site of the 1980 Winter Olympic Games, in the first application of recycled plastic lumber specifically designed for a commercial structure.
 
07/01/2003GreenScapes Success Story: Compost as Cure-AllPublication
 Description: This GreenScapes Success Story discusses compost's newest application as erosion control by Filtrexx International, LLC. In addition to using compost as a soil amendment, pollution filter, and disease control, the company’s full-time business is using compost to prevent erosion along highways, at construction sites, and other transportation and building locations.
 
07/01/2003GreenScapes Success Story: Food Scraps and Wine: An Agreeable CombinationPublication
 Description: This GreenScapes Success Story discusses Jepson Prairie Organics, which makes compost from the food scraps of more than 1,500 food-related businesses and thousands of residents in San Francisco. The compost is used on vineyards throughout Northern California’s wine country to enhance the quality of the soil.
 
07/01/2003GreenScapes Success Story: Golden CompostPublication
 Description: This GreenScapes Success Story discusses Texas Department of Transportation (TxDOT), which runs one of the most advanced, widespread compost-use programs in the United States and has conducted more than 20 demonstrations across the state proving the benefits of compost.
 
07/01/2003GreenScapes Success Story: New Jersey's Milk Jug BridgePublication
 Description: This GreenScapes Success Story discusses the first bridge made entirely from recycled plastic, which was constructed over the Mullica River in Wharton State Park, New Jersey.
 
07/01/2003GreenScapes Success Story: Not Your Typical Compost FeedstockPublication
 Description: This GreenScapes Success Story discusses the decision of Aspen Skiing Company to take down two buildings using deconstruction rather than demolition. By deconstructing, the company took the buildings apart and removed useable items, an alternative to sending all of their construction and demolition waste to a landfill that saved the company more than $42,000 in avoided disposal costs.
 
07/01/2003GreenScapes Success Story: Parks Abound with Plastic LumberPublication
 Description: This GreenScapes Success Story discusses how two Midwest state parks have discovered the long-term benefits of recycled plastic lumber as a construction material. In Indiana and Minnesota, structures made from recycled milk jugs are proving to be an environmentally preferable - and economic - alternative to wood products.
 
07/01/2003GreenScapes Success Story: Recycled Rubber Raises the RoadPublication
 Description: This GreenScapes Success Story discusses construction of the new Mud Pond Inlet Bridge by the Maine Department of Transportation (MaineDOT) by building with waste. To support the roadbed, the design team called for nearly 170,000 previously used shredded tires—20 percent of the waste tires generated in Maine in a year—along with geotextiles, a synthetic material that allows the exchange of water and air. The designers also incorporated old bridge railings and roadside guard rails from an ongoing highway bridge rehabilitation project rather than using new metal.
 
07/01/2003GreenScapes Success Story: These Tires Were Made for Walkin’Publication
 Description: This GreenScapes Success Story discusses how Los Angeles County, California, has recently discovered the beauty and utility of old tires. Plagued by 10 million waste tires a year, the county has successfully saved landfill space by recycling tire rubber into pathways, playground surfaces, and flooring tile throughout its district.
 
04/01/2003ASARCO SETTLEMENT AGREEMENTMemo
 Description: ASARCO has created a trust fund to fund cleanup activities at sites where ASARCO is alleged to be a liable party under various environmental statutes. Use of these funds is limited to specific purposes and is under the control of an independent trustee. Thus, EPA cannot use these settlement funds for other purposes, such as computer reuse and recycling initiatives.
 
04/01/2003""Greenscaping"" Your Lawn and GardenPublication
 Description: This document provides simple waste reduction practices to improve not only your lawn and garden, but also the environment.
 
03/18/2003EPA REGULATIONS GOVERNING USED OIL COLLECTION AND RECYCLINGMemo
 Description: The used oil management standards in 40 CFR Part 279 do not require retailers who sell automotive fluids (e.g., motor oil, transmission fluid) to collect and recycle those fluids once they are spent or taken out-of-service. Retailers taking advantage of the service station dealer's (SSD's) liability exemption under CERCLA are required to accept used oil from do-it-yourself (DIY) generators. Many counties and municipalities have collection and recycling facilities that accept DIY used oil. The Part 279 standards do not distinguish between synthetic and conventional motor oil. Both types are considered used oil when spent or taken out-of-service. EPA does not plan to mandate the use of synthetic oils over conventional ones.
 
02/01/2003Your Life, Your World, Your Choices: Everything You Do Can Make a Difference! (kit)Publication
 Description: This kit is a collection of materials that show how individuals can make a difference. These materials can be used in schools, at home, or with community groups, and can help you: increase your awareness of how your personal decisions affect the environment; make more informed choices in your day-to-day life to help protect the environment; volunteer with community groups, nonprofit groups, government agencies, or others to help promote or solve an environmental issue; and learn about environmental careers. The kit includes the publications Volunteer for Change: A Guide to Environmental Community Service (EPA530-K-01-002); Science Fair Fun: Designing Environmental Science Projects (EPA530-K-00-008); Service-Learning: Education Beyond the Classroom (EPA530-K-02-001); You Can Make a Difference: Learn about Careers in Waste Management (EPA530-F-02-011); "Greenscaping" Your Lawn and Garden (EPA530-K-03-002); Reuse + Recycling = Waste Reduction: A Guide for Schools and Groups (EPA530-K-03-001); The Life Cycle of a CD or DVD poster (EPA530-H-03-002); A Collection of Solid Waste Resources on CD-ROM 2003 Edition (EPA530-C-03-001); Be Waste Aware -Waste Reduction Resources and Tools for Students (EPA530-F-03-056); The Life Cycle of a Cell Phone poster (EPA530-H-04-002); and The New Wave of Electronics: eCycling (EPA530-F-04-020).
 
01/01/2003Pay-As-You-Throw (PAYT) Bulletin: Winter 2003Publication
 Description: The PAYT Bulletin is designed to help solid waste planners and others get the latest pay-as-you-throw news and events. This issue focuses on offering hope for New York City's Recycling Program.
 
12/17/2002STATE COMPLIANCE WITH PROCUREMENT GUIDELINESQuestion & Answer
 Description: EPA does not require the use of straw as vegetative cover in highway construction. EPA promotes the use of hydraulic mulch and thus designated it in the Comprehensive Procurement Guidelines (CPG). Procuring agencies must develop affirmative procurement programs for purchasing designated items containing recovered material. "Procuring agency" includes all federal agencies, any state and local government agencies that use federal funds to purchase designated items, and their contractors. Procuring requirements apply if a procuring agency is purchasing $10,000 or more of a designated item or purchased $10,000 or more of the item or functionally equivalent items in the preceding fiscal year. RCRA 6002 requirements apply to both direct procurements and indirect federal aid programs. Specific circumstances exist that might preclude the purchase of products made with recovered materials. A procuring agency must modify its program to require the purchase of a designated item, unless it provides written justification. The Office of the Federal Environmental Executive (OFEE) enforces both RCRA 6002 and Executive Order (EO) 13101.
 
11/19/2002WASTE REDUCTION AND RECYCLING IN THE UNITED STATESMemo
 Description: Handling trash is primarily the responsibility of state and local governments. EPA does not have the legal authority to require recycling or waste prevention. EPA relies on voluntary approaches to inspire recycling. Puzzled About Recycling’s Value? Look Beyond the Bin (EPA530-K-98-008) explains recycling’s benefits, including the conservation of natural resources, the decrease of greenhouse gas emissions, and the expansion of the U.S. job market. The federal government tries to buy items that are made from recycled materials.
 
11/04/2002REDUCTION, RECYCLING, AND INTERSTATE TRANSPORT OF SOLID WASTEMemo
 Description: EPA promotes waste recycling and reduction, especially through the Resource Conservation Challenge (RCC). Waste should be safely managed wherever it is sent.
 
10/31/2002SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT IN THE UNITED STATESMemo
 Description: Handling trash is primarily the responsibility of state and local authorities. Federal laws currently do not allow EPA to establish regulations requiring people to recycle trash. EPA relies on voluntary approaches by cooperating with states, communities, and businesses to encourage reuse, waste reduction, and recycling.
 
09/12/2002THE BENEFITS OF RECYCLINGMemo
 Description: The benefits of recycling include conserving natural resources, decreasing emissions of greenhouse gases, and protecting U.S. jobs. The Consumer’s Handbook for Reducing Solid Waste contains creative ways to recycle.
 
09/01/2002Service-Learning: Education Beyond the ClassroomPublication
 Description: Service learning projects enable students to learn through community service and volunteer activities. This booklet describes how students across the country are gaining hands-on awareness of waste reduction, recycling, and composting, through solid waste service-learning projects. Service-learning, an educational experience that combines knowledge with service and personal reflection, is teaching kindergarten through 12th-grade students various aspects of safe solid waste management, such as reducing household hazardous waste and buying recycled-content products. This booklet contains 17 profiles of school-based and community projects. Contacts and additional resources are also included to provide information on how to start a solid waste service-learning program.
 
08/21/2002EPA'S ROLE IN SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENTMemo
 Description: Laws do not direct EPA to play a direct role in litter control. State and local governments are primarily responsible for managing solid waste and assessing fines. EPA encourages recycling. The document Puzzled About Recycling’s Value? Look Beyond the Bin explains recycling’s benefits.
 
08/15/2002INDUSTRY PARTNERSHIPS FOR AUTOMOBILE RECYCLING AND DISPOSAL Memo
 Description: The EPA Product Stewardship team is working in voluntary partnerships with several sectors, including the carpet and electronics industry, to address environmental problems. EPA is aware of the role that automobile manufacturers, suppliers, and recyclers have in solving problems related to the recycling and disposal of automobile components. The Office of Enforcement and Compliance Assurance (OECA) is working to improve regulatory compliance at automobile salvage yards.
 
07/17/2002RECYCLING OPTIONS FOR SCRAP TIRESMemo
 Description: Scrap tires can be reused or recycled in many ways, such as being used for reef building, recycled in asphalt paving, used for erosion control, and burned for energy recovery. The option of landfilling tires varies from state to state. EPA does not condone dumping tires on the land or in deep ocean canyons.
 
07/01/2002Fact Sheet: Cover Up With CompostPublication
 Description: This document discusses landfill gas. Natural decomposition processes in landfills emit "landfill gas." Approximately half of that landfill gas is methane, the second leading greenhouse gas emitted in the United States. Landfill methane emissions are of national concern because they are the largest source (approximately 33 percent) of anthropogenic methane emissions in the United States.
 
07/01/2002Fact Sheet: Cutting-Edge Software to Cut EmissionsPublication
 Description: In 1998, the United States generated 220 million tons of municipal solid waste (MSW). The landfilling and combustion of this waste resulted in greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions of 65 million metric tons of carbon equivalent (MTCE). Today, a variety of software programs and models are available to help managers and planners reduce emissions at state, local, business, and institutional levels. These tools can enable them to determine the impact of their practices on climate change and the environment, as well as strategies to reduce those impacts.
 
07/01/2002Fact Sheet: Moving TargetsPublication
 Description: This document discusses greenhouse gas emissions from the collection and transportation of wastes. Greenhouse gas emissions from the collection and transportation of waste and recyclables equaled 918,000 metric tons of carbon equivalent (MTCE) in 1997--accounting for 9 percent of the total net greenhouse gas emissions from waste management that year. These emissions result largely from the combustion of diesel in vehicles that transport mixed waste and recyclables from the waste source to transfer, disposal, or recovery facilities.
 
07/01/2002Fact Sheet: Recycling the Hard StuffPublication
 Description: Of the estimated 22.4 million tons of plastics produced in the United States in 1998, only about 5.4 percent were recovered for recycling. Plastics used in durable goods (such as cars, electronics, and appliances) account for the largest proportion by weight of plastics in U.S. municipal solid waste (MSW). However, the mixed waste stream characteristic of these harder, engineered plastics are difficult to separate and, thus, complex to recycle. New separation technologies could increase recycling rates for plastics significantly.
 
07/01/2002Pay-As-You-Throw (PAYT) Bulletin: Summer 2002Publication
 Description: The PAYT Bulletin is designed to help solid waste planners and others get the latest pay-as-you-throw news and events. This issue focuses on global climate change and Pay-As-You-Throw.
 
07/01/2002RECYCLING OF PLASTIC WASTESMemo
 Description: EPA promotes a hierarchy of waste management options that includes waste prevention, followed by recycling, and finally disposal. EPA does not have the authority to require plastic collection and recycling. Plastics are difficult to recycle. States have attempted to improve the plastics recycling rate in a variety of ways. EPA focuses its efforts on creating better markets, improving collection efficiencies, and working with industry to improve the recyclability of the materials. The Jobs Through Recycling (JTR) program concentrates on improving the marketplace for recyclables.
 
07/01/2002Success Story: Getting On The Books With Waste ReductionPublication
 Description: This document discusses how more and more companies that seek to reduce greenhouse gas emissions are recognizing the climate benefits of alternative waste management strategies, such as recycling and reuse. The U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Voluntary Reporting of Greenhouse Gas Program provides a means for individuals, companies, and organizations to report their emissions reductions from recycling programs and other waste management activities.
 
07/01/2002Success Story: Turning Garbage Into GoldPublication
 Description: This document discusses the fact that organic waste comprises a significant portion of the U.S. municipal solid waste (MSW) stream. EPA estimates that the nation's MSW contained 85.7 million tons of paper and paperboard in 1999, 25.2 million tons of food discards, 27.7 million tons of yard trimmings, and 12.3 million tons of wood--adding up to 66 percent of the total waste stream. Similarly, compostable waste in Massachusetts accounts for as much as 70 percent of the state's total MSW by weight.
 
06/24/2002CURRENT RECYCLING PROGRAMS AND INITIATIVESMemo
 Description: State and local authorities are primarily responsible for the management of municipal solid waste (MSW). National laws do not allow EPA to establish federal recycling regulations. EPA publishes information, provides technical support, and develops voluntary programs to encourage recycling. Since materials collected for recycling are determined by existing markets, EPA helps to develop new markets and expand existing markets for recovered materials by working with states, local communities, businesses, trade associations, and consumers.
 
06/18/2002REGULATORY STATUS OF PCB-CONTAINING USED OILMemo
 Description: Used oil burned for energy recovery that meets the fuel specifications in 279.11 is not regulated under Part 279, provided certain marketer conditions are met and the used oil is not mixed or contaminated with hazardous waste. The presence of PCBs in used oil is not relevant to the determination of whether the used oil meets the Part 279 specifications, but it is relevant for determining applicability to Toxic Substance Control Act (TSCA) regulations. TSCA establishes a presumption that detectable quantities of PCBs are present in used oils burned for energy recovery. The presumption can be overcome if the marketer determines that the used oil does not contain quantifiable levels of PCBs. Used oil burned for energy recovery that contains less than 2 ppm PCBs is solely regulated under RCRA.
 
05/01/2002How To Establish Recycling and Composting ProgramsPublication
 Description: This fact sheet describes the benefits of formal recycling and composting activities and provides steps on how you can incorporate scavenging or wastepicking into formal recycling and composting programs. At the end of this fact sheet, a case study from Brazil shows how businesses organized scavengers and watepickers into successful recycling cooperatives.
 
05/01/2002Solid Waste Management: A Local Challenge With Global Impacts (Kit)Publication
 Description: This folder contains the following four fact sheets: What is Integrated Solid Waste Management (EPA 530-F-02-026a), How To Establish Recycling and Composting Programs (EPA 530-F-02-026b), What Are the Options For Waste Disposal (EPA 530-F-02-026c), and What Are the Components of Waste Collection and Transport (EPA 530-F-02-026d).
 
04/12/2002RECYCLING AND DISPOSAL OF OBSOLETE ELECTRONICSMemo
 Description: EPA does not have an approval program for electronic recycling facilities, but the Electronics Industry Association (EIA) maintains a nationwide list. These recycling facilities are controlled at the state and local level. Much of the electronic reuse and recycling market exists overseas, so EPA is working with the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) to ensure that electronics are safely handled when exported. The National Electronics Product Stewardship Initiative (NEPSI) promotes the reuse and recycling of obsolete electronics. EPA proposed rules to encourage the safe management, reuse, and recycling of cathode ray tubes (CRTs) (SEE ALSO: 67 FR 40507; 6/12/02).
 
04/01/2002Environmental Fact Sheet: More Recycling and Reuse Proposed For Electronic Wastes and Mercury-Containing EquipmentPublication
 Description: This fact sheet discusses how EPA is promoting the safe reuse and recycling of cathode ray tubes and mercury-containing equipment. The agency believes that revising existing regulations for these growing waste streams will facilitate better collection; lead to more recycling and less disposal; and will better protect the environment.
 
03/01/2002Reusable News, Spring 2002Publication
 Description: This issue of Reusable News contains articles on Wastewise partnering with Climate Neutral to reduce greenhouse gases and measuring the energy benefits of recycling.
 
01/01/2002Recycling is Working in the United StatesPublication
 Description: The U.S. Recycling Economic Information (REI) Study is a groundbreaking national study that demonstrates the importance of recycling and reuse to the U.S. economy. The study, commissioned by EPA and numerous states through a cooperative agreement with the National Recycling Coalition, shows that recycling is working.
 
11/15/2001REGULATORY STATUS OF THE CATOXID FLUIDIZED BED REACTORMemo
 Description: The Catoxid unit operates as a recycling unit designed to react secondary material feeds to produce a chemical intermediate used directly in the manufacture of EDC. The Catoxid unit is a manufacturing process and does not meet the definition of halogen acid furnace (HAF) (SEE ALSO: 56 FR 7139; 2/21/91). EPA views HAFs as utilizing combustion and as being designed as boilers or operated in a manner similar to boilers. Acid generation that occurs in a closed, controlled chemical manufacturing process is not considered the "production of acid" for purposes of the HAF definition. Secondary materials going to such units are not solid wastes pursuant to the use/reuse exclusion if the process is legitimate recycling. State regulations can be more stringent than the federal regulations.
 
11/01/2001Multifamily Recycling: A National StudyPublication
 Description: This document discusses an EPA-funded national survey by the US Conference of Mayors and ECODATA, Inc. that compared single family and multifamily recycling services, and documents costs, diversion rates, and program characteristics of recycling programs in multifamily households.
 
11/01/2001Reusable News, Fall 2001Publication
 Description: This issue of Reusable News contains articles on the link between climate change and waste management, product stewardship goes on-line, recycling program lures kids (hook, line, and sinker), recycled carpet, Wastewise encourages partners to adopt resource management, roadside landscaping turns to compost, and biobased products and energy.
 
10/26/2001PLASTIC BAG RECYCLINGMemo
 Description: EPA has significant information available on the environmental benefits of plastics recycling. EPA is also aware of several plastics-related associations that should be able to help in identifying different plastic sortation and recycling systems, including the American Plastics Council and the Association of Postconsumer Plastics Recyclers.
 
09/14/2001PURCHASE OF RETREAD TIRESMemo
 Description: EPA promotes the use of recycled-content products through Comprehensive Procurement Guidelines (CPG) for federal procurement of products containing recovered materials. Although EPA issues the CPG, the Federal Environmental Executive (FEE), head of the White House Task Force on Recycling, bears the responsibility for ensuring that federal agencies implement the guidelines. The White House Task Force on Recycling is working with the Department of Defense to develop standard specifications and quality controls for retread tires.
 
09/05/2001POLLUTION AND LITTER CONTROLMemo
 Description: The United States now recycles over one quarter of household garbage due to efforts by citizens, community groups, businesses and governments. State and local governments further recycling through curbside recycling programs. Keep America Beautiful is one organization working to prevent litter in towns and cities.
 
08/14/2001BENEFITS OF BIOMASS ENERGYMemo
 Description: EPA recognizes the environmental benefits of renewable energy sources and biomass energy is an important component of the Administration’s National Energy Plan. A multi-agency effort known as the Biomass Initiative is coordinating and promoting federal biobased products and biomass energy research and development. Federal funding opportunities for biomass technologies may be available through the Small Business Administration’s (SBA) Small Business Innovative Research (SBIR) program, the 504 Certified Development Company Loan Program, or the Loan Guarantee Program.
 
08/09/2001COLOR SORTING SYSTEM FOR PLASTIC CONTAINERSMemo
 Description: Due to a voluntary effort by the Society of Plastics Industry (SPI) in 1988, the existing plastic sorting system in the U.S. relies on recycling symbols that have been placed on the bottom of plastic containers. Referred to as SPI codes, the numbers within the recycling “chasing arrows” symbol refer to seven different plastic resin categories, including High Density Polyethylene (HDPE) and Poly-Ethylene Terephthalate (PET). The most valuable recyclable plastic resins coming out of municipal collection and sortation systems are clear PET and HDPE because they have a broader suit of applications. If EPA were to mandate color coding, it would be less profitable for municipal recycling programs because colored plastics have a lower value. Plastics are one of the most difficult commodity types to recycle, though some states have utilized legislation in an attempt to improve the plastics recycling rate.
 
07/03/2001SHOP TOWELS CONTAINING HAZARDOUS SOLVENTSMemo
 Description: EPA has not determined what regulatory action may be appropriate for solvent-contaminated wipes. The Agency’s efforts on this issue were initiated as a result of petitions from various industries. EPA intends to develop a consistent, cost-effective regulatory program and will examine regulatory cost burden on small businesses associated with their use of wipes. If EPA proposes a rule, stakeholders and the general public will be granted a 90-day comment period to submit formal, written comments and make suggestions on the rule.
 
06/26/2001REUSABLE AND DISPOSABLE SOLVENT-CONTAMINATED WIPESMemo
 Description: EPA has not determined what regulatory action may be appropriate for solvent-contaminated wipes. The Agency’s efforts on this issue were initiated as a result of petitions from various industries. EPA intends to develop a consistent, cost-effective regulatory program and will examine regulatory cost burden on small businesses associated with their use of wipes. If EPA proposes a rule, stakeholders and the general public will be granted a 90-day comment period to submit formal, written comments and make suggestions on the rule.
 
06/22/2001SOILED REUSABLE AND DISPOSABLE SHOP TOWELS CONTAINING HAZARDOUS WASTE SOLVENTSMemo
 Description: EPA has not published any proposal regarding solvent-contaminated wipes in the Federal Register. The Agency’s efforts on this issue were initiated as a result of petitions from various industries. EPA intends to develop a consistent, cost-effective regulatory program and will examine regulatory cost burden on small businesses associated with their use of wipes. If EPA proposes a rule, stakeholders and the general public will be granted a 90-day comment period to submit formal, written comments and make suggestions on the rule.
 
06/01/2001Electronics: A New Opportunity for Waste Prevention, Reuse, and RecyclingPublication
 Description: This fact sheet provides information on ways you can reduce the environmental impact of electronic use and disposal through reuse, donation, recycling, and buying greener electronic products.
 
05/02/2001RECYCLED ARCTIC GRADE DIESELMemo
 Description: Diesel oil hydrocarbons generated at exploration and production sites, where these hydrocarbons are returned to the petroleum refining process, are excluded from the definition of solid waste pursuant to 261.4(a)(12)(ii). This exclusion does not apply to recovered oils that are managed on the land, nor those that are speculatively accumulated before being recycled back into the refining process. Spills and other discarded diesel that are not recovered and returned to a refinery would not be excluded under this provision.
 
04/19/2001FEDERAL REGULATIONS GOVERNING SOLVENT-CONTAMINATED WIPESMemo
 Description: EPA intends to move forward with proposing a rule addressing solvent-contaminated wipes as quickly as possible. EPA strives to develop a consistent regulatory program where solvent-contaminated wipes are managed in an environmentally sound, cost-effective manner while encouraging source reduction and recycling.
 
03/21/2001BIOPLEX WASTE-TO-ENERGY TECHNOLOGYMemo
 Description: In 1989, EPA published an “Agenda for Action” that proposed a solid waste management hierarchy of waste prevention, recycling, and waste disposal. Communities should implement an integrated solid waste management plan according to their individual needs. EPA research has shown that recycling and source reduction activities produce greater greenhouse gas savings than energy recovery from waste-to-energy facilities or landfill gas-to-energy projects.
 
02/22/2001REPLACEMENT TIRE MANAGEMENT UNDER THE TRANSPORTATION, RECALL, ENHANCEMENT, ACCOUNTABILITY, AND DOCUMENTATION ACTMemo
 Description: The management of scrap tires, a form of municipal solid waste, is handled primarily at the state level. Figures from the Scrap Tire Management Council show that on average, over 270 million scrap tires are generated each year. The Transportation, Recall, Enhancement, Accountability, and Documentation (TREAD) Act provides that in the case of a remedy involving replacement of tires, the manufacturer shall, to the extent possible, prevent replaced tires from being resold, and limit the disposal of replaced tires in landfills. Replaced tires would go instead to recycling, recovery, beneficial use, and incineration with energy recovery, where possible.
 
02/01/2001Pay-As-You-Throw (PAYT) Bulletin: Spring 2001Publication
 Description: The Pay-As-You-Throw (PAYT) Bulletin is designed to help solid waste planners and others get the latest pay-as-you-throw news and events. This edition focuses on Maine's PAYT program, and PAYT workshops and grants.
 
01/31/2001FUNDING FOR SCRAP TIRE RECYCLING FACILITIESMemo
 Description: The Municipal Solid Waste Funding Authority provides limited funding to governments or non-profit organizations for programs addressing municipal solid waste generation and management problems. The Small Business Innovative Research (SBIR) program provides funding to private and non-profit small businesses to conduct research on new technologies, products, and processes. The Small Business Administration (SBA) administers the 504 Certified Development Company Loan Program and the 7(a) Loan Guarantee Program, which provide long-term, fixed asset financing to small businesses.
 
01/24/2001TAX CREDIT FOR PRODUCING ELECTRICITY FROM CERTAIN RENEWABLE RESOURCESMemo
 Description: Section 45 of the Internal Revenue Code provides a tax credit for producing electricity from certain renewable resources. Congress considered several bills proposing to add “open-loop” biomass (e.g., brush, tree trimmings, waste pallets, crates) to Section 45. The final law extended tax credit only to poultry waste and did not include other waste materials (SEE ALSO: Public Law 106-170 Section 507).
 
01/19/2001SCIENCE ADVISORY BOARD RECOMMENDATIONS TO PROMOTE INCREASED WASTE UTILIZATIONMemo
 Description: This memo contains the OSWER response to Science Advisory Board (SAB) recommendations on overcoming barriers to waste utilization. OSW has amended the definition of solid waste and hazardous waste recycling requirements several times to encourage recovery. OSW has studied cement kiln dust (CKD) and fossil fuel combustion waste utilization. OSW and the Office of Research and Development (ORD) have developed an environmental fate and transport model called the 3MRA Model for estimating "exit levels" for waste. OSW has designated items containing recovered materials in the Comprehensive Procurement Guidelines (CPG) and supported the Extended Product Responsibility (EPR) and the Jobs Through Recycling (JTR) programs. EPA supports the development of guidance manuals on waste utilization and innovative technology development programs for the large-scale utilization of waste materials.
 
12/28/2000DISPOSAL OF VIDEO MONITORS IN LANDFILLSMemo
 Description: EPA is exploring ways of encouraging greater recycling of cathode ray tubes (CRTs) and electronic devices. EPA is developing regulation under RCRA that would promote recycling of CRTs and reuse and recycling of CRT glass.
 
12/28/2000USE OF RECYCLED GUARDRAILS AND GUARDRAIL POSTSMemo
 Description: The Comprehensive Procurement Guidelines (CPG) program (RCRA 6002) and Executive Order 13101, Greening the Government Through Waste Prevention, Recycling, and Federal Acquisition, require government agencies to purchase recycled-content and other environmentally-preferable products. EPA has not designated guardrails in CPG.
 
12/01/2000Diversion en la Feria Cientifica: Disenando Proyectos Cientificos Ambientales (Spanish - Science Fair Fun: Designing Environmental Science Projects)Publication
 Description: This is the Spanish translation of Science Fair Fun: Designing Environmental Science Projects. This booklet is intended to provide students in grades 6 through 8 with ideas and resources for developing environmental science fair projects, specifically in the areas of reducing, reusing, and recycling waste materials.
 
12/01/2000Science Fair Fun: Designing Environmental Science Projects Publication
 Description: This booklet is intended to provide students in grades 6 through 8 with ideas and resources for developing environmental science fair projects, specifically in the areas of reducing, reusing, and recycling waste materials.
 
11/30/2000SULFURIC ACID RECYCLING IN THE SEMICONDUCTOR INDUSTRYMemo
 Description: Secondary materials used or reused as ingredients in an industrial process to make a product are excluded from RCRA hazardous waste regulation. “Reclaimed” secondary materials are not eligible for this exclusion. Filtration occurring near the end of the process when it is already in essence a completed product may not constitute reclamation. The filter removes only minute quantities of particulate matter to guarantee the physical quality of the product, not to reclaim the secondary material in any meaningful sense (SEE ALSO: 50 FR 634; 1/4/85 and Memo, Straus to Lawrence; 5/30/86 (RO 11159)). Water added to the input acid is necessary for the final product and does not dilute the wastestream to remove a hazardous waste characteristic or circumvent regulation. (SEE ALSO: Memo, Lowrance to Directors; 4/26/89 (RO 11426))
 
11/09/2000DISPOSAL OF SCRAP TIRES FROM BRIDGESTONE/FIRESTONE INC. RECALLMemo
 Description: Bridgestone/Firestone Inc. has estimated that the recall will affect 6.5 million tires. A majority of recalled tires are being shredded and beneficially reused as fuel or recycled as crumb rubber. Over 270 million scrap tires are generated per year in United States.
 
10/06/2000RECYCLING AND SOURCE REDUCTION REQUIREMENTS FOR BEVERAGE CONTAINERSMemo
 Description: Currently EPA does not have statutory authority under RCRA to establish regulations for recycling or source reduction or to mandate a national deposit-refund system for beverage containers. EPA has set national goal to recycle 35% of municipal solid waste (MSW) by 2005.
 
09/12/2000RECYCLING OF SCRAP TIRESMemo
 Description: EPA does not require recycling of scrap tires. EPA encourages reuse and recycling of scrap tires by providing information on markets for these materials and by encouraging the purchase of products with recycled content. Approximately 270 million scrap tires are generated per year in United States.
 
09/01/2000Environmental Fact Sheet: Regulations to be Revised for Zinc Fertilizer RecyclingPublication
 Description: This fact sheet discusses EPA's proposal to modify existing regulations for zinc fertilizers made from recycled industrial wastes. These provisions are expected to improve and increase legitimate zinc recycling, and reduce contaminant levels in these types of fertilizers.
 
09/01/2000Reusable News (Fall 2000)Publication
 Description: This issue of Reusable News focuses on the link between solid waste and global climate change.
 
08/01/2000Los Protectores del Planeta Generan Menos Desechos desde un Principio: Una Historia sobre la Reutilizacion en la Tierra (Spanish - Planet Protectors Create Less Waste in the First Place)Publication
 Description: Spanish translation of Planet Protectors Create Less Waste in the First Place: A Story about Reuse on Earth. Provides answers to the question: "What on Earth can you do with an old jelly jar?" Gives tips for keeping an old jar out of the trash and giving it new life. Pictures may be colored. Included in the Planet Protectors Club Kit.
 
07/01/2000La Basura y el Cambio del Clima: Los Protectores del Planeta Descubren las Razones Escondidas para Reducir, Reutilizar, y Reciclar (Spanish: Trash and Climate Change)Publication
 Description: This is the Spanish translation of Trash and Climate Change: Planet Protectors Discover the Hidden Reasons to Reduce, Reuse and Recycle. This activity guide contains activities for Planet Protectors to do which look at the concept of trash and climate change. This activity guide includes the Trash and Climate Change game (EPA530-K-00-001A) and need not be ordered separately from the guide.
 
07/01/2000Trash and Climate Change: Planet Protectors Discover the Hidden Reasons to Reduce, Reuse and RecyclePublication
 Description: This activity guide contains activities for Planet Protectors to do which look at the concept of trash and climate change. This activity guide includes the Trash and Climate Change game (EPA530-K-00-001A) and need not be ordered separately from the guide.
 
06/13/2000RECYCLING OF SCRAP TIRES, ROOFING SHINGLES AND SCRAP METALMemo
 Description: EPA encourages reuse and recycling of scrap tires, roofing shingles, metals and other municipal solid waste by providing information on markets for these materials and by encouraging the purchase of products with recycled content.
 
06/07/2000RECYCLING LABELS FOR PLASTICSMemo
 Description: There is no federal legislative authority to mandate specific labeling systems to facilitate increased recycling. Recycling symbols on bottom of plastic containers is due to voluntary effort by Society of the Plastics Industry (SPI). SPI codes within the recycling chasing arrows symbol refer to different plastic resins (e.g., PET, HDPE, PVC, LDPE, PP, PS).
 
04/13/2000FACTS ON HAZARDOUS WASTE EXPORTSMemo
 Description: EPA must receive consent of government of importing country before export of hazardous waste can occur. Since U.S. is not currently a party to Basel Convention, there must be a bilateral agreement between U.S. and importing country that is consistent with requirement of Convention. U.S. has agreements with OECD and Mexico governing recycling and with Canada for both recycling and disposal. EPA has strong enforcement program in area of hazardous waste exports.
 
03/21/2000MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENTMemo
 Description: EPA promotes integrated waste management approach. Management options include source reduction, recycling, combustion and landfilling.
 
01/12/2000PRODUCTS CONTAINING CENOSPHERES FOR DESIGNATION UNDER COMPREHENSIVE PROCUREMENT GUIDELINES PROGRAMMemo
 Description: EPA is currently evaluating products that contain cenospheres for designation under the Comprehensive Procurement Guidelines (CPG) program (RCRA 6002). RCRA and Executive Order 13101 require EPA to issue guidelines for federal procurement of products containing recovered materials.
 
12/17/1999GENERATION AND RECYCLING OF ROCKWOOLMemo
 Description: EPA does not have figures on the exact amount of rockwool generated or recycled in the United States each year. EPA has designated rockwool insulation as a recycled product under the Comprehensive Procurement Guidelines (CPG) program (RCRA 6002). Executive Order 13101, Greening the Government Through Waste Prevention, Recycling, and Federal Acquisition reaffirms the government’s commitment to purchase recycled and other environmentally-preferable products.
 
12/17/1999RECYCLING OF USED OIL FILTERSMemo
 Description: EPA published proper management standards for used oil and used oil filters at Part 279.
 
12/13/1999OFFICE FURNITURE PRODUCED FROM RECYCLED PAPER PRODUCTSMemo
 Description: EPA is currently evaluating office furniture for designation under the Comprehensive Procurement Guidelines (CPG) program (RCRA 6002).
 
12/01/1999Collection Efficiency: Strategies for SuccessPublication
 Description: Provides new strategies for improving collection efficiency Discusses reducing collection frequency, automating collection, decreasing fleet size with dual collection, increasing employee productivity, and contracting and competition.
 
11/22/1999CONTAMINATED RAGS AND WIPES AND RADIATOR COOLANTMemo
 Description: EPA is exploring management options for industrial shop towels and wipes containing hazardous solvents and spent antifreeze.
 
11/03/1999INCREASED RECYCLING AND BETTER MANAGEMENT OF WASTES FROM US SHIPS AND SUBMARINESMemo
 Description: EPA fosters waste reduction and recycling through educational campaigns, challenge programs and grants to governments and agencies. The WasteWise program works with businesses to promote recycling and source reduction. EPA’s Ocean Dumping Program and U.S. Navy offer information on management of waste aboard oceangoing vessels.
 
11/01/1999Getting More for Less: Improving Collection EfficiencyPublication
 Description: Summarizes information presented to participants at a series of national workshops on collection efficiency. Defines collection efficiency as picking up more solid waste or recyclables using fewer trucks or fewer people or less time. Focuses on four specific cost-cutting strategies: changing collection frequency, improving routing, automating collection, and implementing dual collection. Outlines steps for designing changes to a collection system. Includes resources.
 
11/01/1999MarketShare: Tips and Advice from The Jobs Through Recycling ExperiencePublication
 Description: This document provides tips and strategies for developing sustainable and effective recycling market development programs and documents lessons learned by organizations that received grants through EPA's Jobs Through Recycling program. It also discusses developing a sustainable program, building infrastructure and networks, outreach, business assistance, financing, measurement, sustainable funding options, and putting it all together.
 
09/28/1999FUNDING FOR RECYCLED INK SYSTEMMemo
 Description: EPA’s municipal solid waste funding authority is limited to non-profit organizations and state, local, and tribal governments. Private businesses are eligible for the Small Business Administration’s (SBA) Small Business Innovative Research (SBIR) program. Under the SBIR program, funding is provided to private and non-profit small businesses to conduct research on new technologies, products, and processes. SBA also administers two federal financing programs which provide long-term, fixed asset financing for small businesses.
 
09/24/1999EPA’S APPROACH TO RECYCLINGMemo
 Description: Handling trash is primarily the responsibility of state and local authorities. EPA cannot establish regulations requiring people to recycle; EPA instead relies on voluntary approaches and working cooperatively with states, communities, and businesses to encourage recycling.
 
09/08/1999ZINC AS A PERSISTENT, BIOACCUMULATIVE, AND TOXIC (PBT) CHEMICALMemo
 Description: Zinc was proposed as one of the 53 chemicals on the RCRA Persistent, Bioaccumulative, and Toxic (PBT) list. Comments on the proposed list suggest EPA should use bioavailability rather than persistence in evaluating metals, and that EPA should reevaluate the screening and ranking steps of the methodology. These comments will be considered before EPA finalizes the list by January 2000 (SEE ALSO: 63 FR 60332; 11/9/98; RPC# 7/14/99-02).
 
09/01/1999Planet Protectors Create Less Waste in the First Place! Poster (What on earth can you do with an old jelly jar?)Publication
 Description: This poster emphasizes the importance of waste prevention by reducing, reusing and recycling. Poster summarizes the ways to reuse an old jelly jar.
 
09/01/1999Planet Protectors Create Less Waste in the First Place! A Story About Reuse on EarthPublication
 Description: This coloring book emphasizes the importance of waste prevention by reducing, reusing and recycling. The booklet suggests several ways to reuse an old jelly jar.
 
09/01/1999Reusable News (Fall 1999)Publication
 Description: This issue of Reusable News focuses on the third annual America Recycles Day, scheduled for November 15, 1999. The newsletter also announces the Characterization in Municipal Solid Waste, 1998 Update report, highlights documents that report successful waste reduction programs, and lists additional recycling resources.
 
08/18/1999PAPER PRODUCTS FROM AGRICULTURAL OR BIO-BASED WASTESMemo
 Description: President Clinton continues to support recycling and the use of bio-based products and energy through initiatives such as the federal procurement program and a new Executive Order entitled “Developing and Promoting Bio-based Products and Energy”.
 
08/17/1999ADMINISTRATION POLICIES ON RECYCLING MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTEMemo
 Description: President Clinton supports recycling through programs such as the federal procurement program (Executive Order 13101), including the appointment of a Federal Environmental Executive (FEE), and the White House recycling program. EPA’s recycling efforts include the WasteWi$e program, Jobs Through Recycling, and cooperation with government and industry groups and associations.
 
08/01/1999State Scrap Tire Programs: A Quick Reference Guide, 1999 UpdatePublication
 Description: This reference guide summarizes each state's scrap tire management legislation and programs in a matrix for each state program. It is intended to provide state regulators, as well as members of industry, with a quick reference on state scrap tire programs across the country. Information provided in the matrix includes state contacts; legislation and regulations about scrap tires; funding sources and fees authorized by the state, regulations applicable to collectors, sellers, and haulers; the storage and processor regulations; disposal restrictions; financial and market incentives to available to foster better scrap tire disposal/recycling management and reduction; and any other relevant information, such as special field tests or innovative uses for scrap tires.
 
07/20/1999COMPOSTING AND RECYCLING OF MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTEMemo
 Description: EPA encourages recycling, including composting, of municipal solid waste through programs and initiatives including the Municipal Solid Waste Assistance Program and Jobs Through Recycling. States may have additional programs.
 
07/14/1999BENEFICIAL UTILIZATION OF COAL ASHMemo
 Description: EPA’s tentative position that coal combustion wastes may not warrant hazardous waste regulation. EPA encourages the beneficial use of coal combustion materials under the procurement program. EPA is considering state oversight of agricultural applications and mine placement of coal ash as a possible alternative to federal oversight (SEE ALSO: 64 FR 22820; 4/28/99). Discusses possible extension of the six-month schedule for completion of the regulatory determination.
 
06/01/1999Pay-As-You-Throw (PAYT) Bulletin: Summer 1999Publication
 Description: The Pay-As-You-Throw (PAYT) Bulletin is designed to help solid waste planners and others get the latest pay-as-you-throw news and events. This edition focuses on climate change, and provides general information about how solid waste management impacts climate change. The article reviews options to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, including recycling and waste prevention.
 
05/10/1999SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT HIERARCHYMemo
 Description: EPA’s three tiered integrated hierarchy for managing solid waste consists of source reduction as the first and preferred waste management option, recycling, and combustion and/or landfilling.
 
04/01/1999Complex Recycling Issues: Strategies for Record-Setting Reduction in Multi-Family Dwellings - Blossom Hill Estates, San Jose, CaliforniaPublication
 Description: This fact sheet highlights the multifamily dwelling (MFD) waste reduction program at Blossom Hill Estates. This fact sheet is included in the fact sheet packet, Complex Recycling Issues: Strategies for Record-Setting Reduction in Multi-Family Dwellings (EPA530-F-99-022)
 
04/01/1999Complex Recycling Issues: Strategies for Record-Setting Reduction in Multi-Family Dwellings - Commodore Club Condominiums, Key Biscayne, FloridaPublication
 Description: This fact sheet highlights the multifamily dwelling (MFD) waste reduction program at Commodore Club Condominiums. This fact sheet is included in the fact sheet packet, Complex Recycling Issues: Strategies for Record-Setting Reduction in Multi-Family Dwellings (EPA530-F-99-022)
 
04/01/1999Complex Recycling Issues: Strategies for Record-Setting Reduction in Multi-Family Dwellings - East Orange, New JerseyPublication
 Description: This fact sheet highlights the multifamily dwelling (MFD) waste reduction program in East Orange, New Jersey. This fact sheet is included in the fact sheet packet, Complex Recycling Issues: Strategies for Record-Setting Reduction in Multi-Family Dwellings (EPA530-F-99-022)
 
04/01/1999Complex Recycling Issues: Strategies for Record-Setting Reduction in Multi-Family Dwellings - Leisure World, Laguna Hills, CaliforniaPublication
 Description: This fact sheet highlights the multifamily dwelling (MFD) waste reduction program at Leisure World. This fact sheet is included in the fact sheet packet, Complex Recycling Issues: Strategies for Record-Setting Reduction in Multi-Family Dwellings (EPA530-F-99-022)
 
04/01/1999Complex Recycling Issues: Strategies for Record-Setting Reduction in Multi-Family Dwellings - Saint Paul, MinnesotaPublication
 Description: This fact sheet highlights the multifamily dwelling (MFD) waste reduction program in Saint Paul, Minnesota. This fact sheet is included in the fact sheet packet, Complex Recycling Issues: Strategies for Record-Setting Reduction in Multi-Family Dwellings (EPA530-F-99-022)
 
04/01/1999Complex Recycling Issues: Strategies for Record-Setting Reduction in Multi-Family Dwellings - San Jose, CaliforniaPublication
 Description: This fact sheet highlights the multifamily dwelling (MFD) waste reduction program in San Jose, California. This fact sheet is included in the fact sheet packet, Complex Recycling Issues: Strategies for Record-Setting Reduction in Multi-Family Dwellings (EPA530-F-99-022)
 
04/01/1999Complex Recycling Issues: Strategies for Record-Setting Reduction in Multi-Family Dwellings - Seattle, WashingtonPublication
 Description: This fact sheet highlights the multifamily dwelling (MFD) waste reduction program in Seattle, Washington. This fact sheet is included in the fact sheet packet, Complex Recycling Issues: Strategies for Record-Setting Reduction in Multi-Family Dwellings (EPA530-F-99-022)
 
04/01/1999Complex Recycling Issues: Strategies for Record-Setting Reduction in Multi-Family Dwellings - Syracuse, New York, Public HousingPublication
 Description: This fact sheet highlights the multifamily dwelling (MFD) waste reduction program in Syracuse, New York. This fact sheet is included in the fact sheet packet, Complex Recycling Issues: Strategies for Record-Setting Reduction in Multi-Family Dwellings (EPA530-F-99-022)
 
04/01/1999Complex Recycling Issues: Strategies for Record-Setting Reduction in Multi-Family Dwellings - University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MichiganPublication
 Description: This fact sheet highlights the multifamily dwelling (MFD) waste reduction program at University of Michigan. This fact sheet is included in the fact sheet packet, Complex Recycling Issues: Strategies for Record-Setting Reduction in Multi-Family Dwellings (EPA530-F-99-022)
 
04/01/1999JTR Grantee Series: CaliforniaPublication
 Description: This document details the goals and program activities under the JTR grant awarded to California's RBAC. Includes challenges overcome, lessons learned, accomplishments, and the program's future. Contains one success story. Describes RBAC publications and web sites.
 
04/01/1999JTR Grantee Series: New YorkPublication
 Description: This document outlines the goals and program activities under the JTR grant awarded to New York's RBAC. Includes challenges overcome, lessons learned, accomplishments, and the program's future. Contains one success story. Describes RBAC publications.
 
04/01/1999JTR Grantee Series: OhioPublication
 Description: This document outlines the goals and program activities under the JTR grant awarded to Ohio's REDA. Includes challenges overcome, lessons learned, accomplishments, and the program's future. Contains one success story. Describes REDA partners.
 
04/01/1999Multifamily Recycling: A Golden Opportunity for Solid Waste Reduction Publication
 Description: Addresses provision of cost-effective, convenient recycling services to residents of multifamily buildings. Describes the diversion rates, costs, and common elements of high performing multifamily recycling programs.
 
04/01/1999Recycling Works! State and Local Solutions to Solid Waste Management Problems Publication
 Description: This booklet provides information about successful recycling programs initiated by state and local agencies. It also describes private recycling efforts and public-private partnerships between government and business. Each success story provides basic information to help you as you consider recycling options for your community.
 
03/26/1999APPLICABILITY OF COKE BY-PRODUCTS EXCLUSION TO COAL GASIFIERMemo
 Description: 261.4(a)(10) exclusion for recycling coke by-products in coke ovens, tar refiners, and tar recovery processes does not apply to coal gasifier unit. Coal gasifier may qualify as exempt recycling unit. Exempt recycling unit may need storage permit. Syngas may meet comparable fuels exclusion. Gasifier facility may obtain treatability study exemption, research, development, and demonstration permit, or petition for rulemaking change.
 
02/01/1999Environmental Fact Sheet: Proposed Rule Aims to Promote Metals Recovery from Waste Water Treatment Sludge (F006)Publication
 Description: Announces EPA's proposal for a cleaner, cheaper, and smarter way for the metal finishing industry to recycle F006 waste through metals recovery. Describes the proposal to allow generators of F006 waste (sludges from the treatment of electroplating wastewaters) up to 180 days (or up to 270 days, if applicable) to accumulate F006 waste without a hazardous waste storage permit or interim status, provided that these generators meet certain conditions for recycling waste.
 
01/01/1999Rate Structure Design: Setting Rates For A Pay-As-You-Throw ProgramPublication
 Description: This booklet briefly reviews the Pay-As-You-Throw (PAYT) program components, and provides community planners and officials an overview of two basic methods for setting rates within the program. The document uses the experience of successful PAYT communities to discuss conceptual and practical considerations for establishing PAYT rates. Although the booklet does not provide a formula for rate setting, it explains the rate setting process and factors to consider when developing the rate structure to meet community goals.
 
01/01/1999Reusable News (Winter 1999)Publication
 Description: This issue of Reusable News focuses on recycling rates and successful programs in schools. The newsletter also highlights EPA's new education tools, the Planet Protectors Club kit, the renewed waste prevention, recycling and federal acquisition Executive Order, and recycling investment forums.
 
12/01/1998El Caso del Circulo Roto (Spanish Translation of The Case of the Broken Loop)Publication
 Description: Spanish translation of the activity guide The Case of the Broken Loop (530-K-98-002). This activity guide targets students in grades 4-6, and is included in the Planet Protectors Club Kit (530-E-98-002). The activity guide encourages kids to solve puzzles and learn about conserving natural resources through recycling, reuse, and composting.
 
12/01/1998Extended Product Responsibility: A Strategic Framework for Sustainable ProductsPublication
 Description: This document describes the reduction of the life-cycle environmental impacts of products, provides reasons for companies to consider extended product responsibility (EPR), and outlines how EPR works.
 
12/01/1998Sigue el Rastro! (Spanish Translation of Follow That Trail!)Publication
 Description: This Spanish translation of the activity guide targets students in grades K-3, and is included in the Planet Protectors Club Kit (530-E-98-002). The activity guide allows kids to learn about conserving natural resources through recycling, reuse, and composting.
 
09/15/1998Resources on Waste for Your Home and CommunityPublication
 Description: This catalog describes publications that will be useful to consumers, students and teachers on topics such as recycling, composting, and environmental education. The document also refers to publications that clarify regulatory requirements for these topics.
 
09/04/1998NOTICE OF CERTIFICATION OF ALTERNATIVE BATTERY LABELMemo
 Description: EPA approved new label for nickel-cadmium (Ni-Cd) rechargeable batteries in accordance with Mercury-Containing and Rechargeable Battery Management Act of 1996. The new label depicts battery surrounded by three chasing arrows with word “RECYCLE” above it (SEE ALSO: 63 FR 50569; 9/22/98).
 
09/01/1998Case of the Broken LoopPublication
 Description: This activity guide targets students in grades 4-6, and is included in the Planet Protectors Club Kit (530-E-98-002). The activity guide encourages kids to solve puzzles and learn about conserving natural resources through recycling, reuse, and composting.
 
09/01/1998Follow That Trail!Publication
 Description: This activity book for grades K-3 is part of the Planet Protectors Club Kit. Students follow the trail through a maze, a rebus, and other fun activities to find out where bottles and cans go after they are recycled, and other facts about resource conservation. Also available in Spanish.
 
09/01/1998JTR Grantee Series: DelawarePublication
 Description: This document describes the goals and program activities under the JTR grant awarded to Delaware's REDA. Includes challenges overcome, lessons learned, accomplishments, and program future. Includes two success stories.
 
09/01/1998JTR Grantee Series: MarylandPublication
 Description: This document describes the goals and program activities under the JTR grant awarded to Maryland's REDA. Includes challenges overcome, lessons learned, accomplishments, and program future. Contains one success story.
 
09/01/1998Planet Protectors Club CertificatePublication
 Description: The Planet Protectors certificate is available as part of the Planet Protectors kit (530-E-98-002), and additional copies of the certificate may be ordered using 530-E-98-002c. The document provides space for the student's name, as well as the signature of the person awarding the certificate.
 
09/01/1998Planet Protectors Club Certificate (Spanish)Publication
 Description: The Planet Protectors certificate is available as part of the Planet Protectors kit (530-E-98-002), and additional copies of the certificate may be ordered using 530-E-98-002cs. The document provides space for the student's name, as well as the signature of the person awarding the certificate.
 
09/01/1998Planet Protectors Club Member BadgePublication
 Description: The Planet Protectors badge is available as part of the Planet Protectors Club Kit (530-E-98-002), and individual copies can be ordered with 530-E-98-002d. The purple, fold-out badge includes the Planet Protectors logo and a place to glue the member's picture.
 
09/01/1998Planet Protectors Club Member Badge (Spanish)Publication
 Description: This document is the Spanish version of the Planet Protectors Club Member Badge (EPA530-E-98-002d). The purple, fold-out badge includes the Planet Protectors logo and a place to glue the member's picture.
 
09/01/1998Planet Protectors Club {Complete Kit}Publication
 Description: This kit provides resources to teach elementary school students about solid waste issues, including recycling, reuse, and composting. The kit includes Follow That Trail! (EPA530-K-98-001), The Case of the Broken Loop (EPA530-K-98-002), Planet Protectors Club Certificate (EPA530-E-98-002c), Planet Protectors Club Badge (EPA530-E-98-002d), Planet Protectors Create Less Waste in the First Place (EPA530-K-99-006), and Trash and Climate Change (EPA530-K-00-001).
 
09/01/1998Planet Protectors Club: Adults' Pocket GuidePublication
 Description: This pocket guide describes the Planet Protectors Club Kit, and outlines the skills and tools required for students to use the Kit resources. The brochure also lists the concepts and vocabulary students will learn from the activities included in the Kit.
 
09/01/1998Planet Protectors Club: Kids' Pocket GuidePublication
 Description: This pocket guide describes the Planet Protectors Club Kit from the student's perspective, and encourages kids to join the Planet Protectors Club.
 
09/01/1998Reusable News (Fall 1998)Publication
 Description: This issue of Reusable News highlights the success of EPA's Jobs Through Recycling Program and the second annual America Recycles Day. The newsletter also lists solid waste management resources for Native American tribes, announces the continuation of the Washington, D.C. recycling program, and provides a WasteWise update.
 
05/01/1998Native American Network (May 1998)Publication
 Description: This issue of the Native American Network provides information about the National Tribal Environmental Council's national forum and EPA's upcoming forum on recycling measurement. It also contains information on the Nunagpet/Chugachmiut Environmental Consortium and an update on the Tribal Association on Solid Waste and Emergency Response (TASWER).
 
04/15/1998PETROLEUM REFINERY TANKS AS WASTEWATER TREATMENT UNITSMemo
 Description: Petroleum refinery tank storing sludges destined for recovery in on-site coker may meet wastewater treatment unit (WWTU) definition. EPA did not conclude in proposed petroleum refining exclusion rule that in all cases units between wastewater treatment system and petroleum coker are regulated under RCRA in the absence of the exclusion (SEE ALSO: 60 FR 57747; 11/20/95; 63 FR 42110; 8/6/98).
 
03/01/1998Availability of Uncoated Printing and Writing Papers Containing 30 Percent Postconsumer FiberPublication
 Description: This report summarizes the results of research conducted on the availability of uncoated printing and writing papers containing 30 percent postconsumer fiber. The report discusses the purpose and scope, methodology, findings, and conclusions of the research. Detailed research results for ten grades of paper are presented in tabular form. The report also contains a list of federal government and paper industry contacts, an outline of the research information needs, and a list of companies that could not be reached.
 
03/01/1998Reusable News (Spring/Summer 1998)Publication
 Description: This issue of Reusable News discusses the recent ""Recycling: Looking Toward the Next Century"" brainstorming workshop, the current national recycling rate, the New Ronald Reagan Building, the Building-Related Construction and Demolition Characterization Report, and also contains an insert, the current OSW Publications List.
 
03/01/1998Reusable News (Winter 1998)Publication
 Description: This issue of Reusable News contains articles about the benefits of recycling, the 12 new products in the CPG, as well as a discussion of the use of the new document, Measuring Recycling: A Guide for State and Local Governments. It contains a look at what each region is doing in the waste prevention arena. The brochure also explains how the Agency has eased the grant application process. Information is included about new documents, a new WasteWi$e program, and information about a recycling investment forum.
 
01/01/1998Puzzled About Recycling's Value? Look Beyond the BinPublication
 Description: This brochure provides a big picture view of recycling. It provides information about jobs created by recycling activities, recycled material markets, and the environmental impacts of these activities.
 
12/01/1997Preparing Successful Grant ProposalsPublication
 Description: This tip sheet describes procedures that tribes and Alaska native villages can follow when applying for solid waste management grants. Tips are provided on proposal preparation and proposal writing. The tip sheet provides information describing resources for identifying grantors, a checklist for grant proposal writing, and a case study outlining The Sitka Tribe of Alaska's successful grant proposal.
 
12/01/1997Waste Minimization: Reduction in Combustible Waste, FMC CorporationPublication
 Description: This fact sheet details the success of the waste minimization program at the FMC Corporation, which reduced their combustible waste by recycling their solvents.
 
11/01/1997Implementation of the Mercury-Containing and Rechargeable Battery Management ActPublication
 Description: This document explains the Mercury-Containing and Rechargeable Battery Management Act of 1996; provides information on successful recycling programs for rechargeable batteries; contains a summary of the Battery Act's requirements, as well as a summary of state and federal requirements affecting battery recycling prior to passage of the Battery Act; specifies why proper disposal or recycling is necessary for nickel and cadmium (Ni-Cd) and small sealed lead acid (SSLA) batteries; and defines roles that state and local governments, retailers, businesses, and public agencies can play in establishing recycling programs. The document also includes sources of additional information and a list of references.
 
11/01/1997Measuring Recycling: EPA's Voluntary Standard MethodPublication
 Description: Lists the benefits of measuring recycling. Defines the methodology developed to accurately evaluate the success of a recycling program and to ensure that fiscal, administrative, and planning decisions are sound. Describes Measuring Recycling: A Guide for State and Local Governments and provides an order form for it.
 
09/01/1997Measuring Recycling: Guide for State and Local GovernmentsPublication
 Description: Contains instruction, definitions, case studies, tips, forms, and worksheets to help state and local governments calculate an MSW recycling rate. Provides information to help track broad as well as commodity specific categories of recycled materials. Establishes a voluntary, uniform method for calculating recycling rates. Offers advice and recommendations for obtaining accurate data, minimizing double counting, identifying possible errors or omissions in data, establishing relationships with the private sector to obtain commercial recycling data, ensuring the private sector's confidentiality when reporting data, using national waste characterization data to estimate waste generation when disposal data are not available, accounting for imports and exports of MSW and recyclable materials, streamlining and improving data collection, and reducing recycling measurement costs. Appendices include glossary, standard volume-to-weight conversion factors, survey forms, recycling rate worksheets, resources, sample language for Freedom of Information Act exemption, sample cover letters, and a methodology adjusting waste generation.
 
09/01/1997Reusable News (Fall 1997)Publication
 Description: This issue of Reusable News announces the first ever “America Recycles Day” on November 15, 1997. This issue features 10 great ways to celebrate America Recycles Day, record setting waste reductions in Loveland, Colorado, and tips for recycling market development.
 
08/01/1997Donation & Reuse: Resource ListingPublication
 Description: This document lists publications on donation and reuse.
 
08/01/1997JTR Grantee Series: MinnesotaPublication
 Description: This document describes the goals and program activities under the JTR grant awarded to establish Minnesota's RBAC. Includes challenges overcome, lessons learned, accomplishments, and the program's future. Contains one success story. Lists RBAC publications.
 
08/01/1997JTR Grantee Series: North CarolinaPublication
 Description: This document describes the goals and program activities under the JTR grant awarded to North Carolina's RBAC. Includes challenges overcome, lessons learned, accomplishments, and the program's future. Contains one success story. Lists RBAC publications.
 
08/01/1997JTR Grantee Series: ArizonaPublication
 Description: This document describes the goals and program activities under the JTR grant awarded to Arizona's REDA. Includes challenges overcome, lessons learned, accomplishments, and each program's future. Contains one success story. Lists REDA publications.
 
08/01/1997JTR Grantee Series: OregonPublication
 Description: This document describes the goals and program activities under the JTR grant awarded to Oregon's REDA. Includes challenges overcome, lessons learned, accomplishments, and the program's future. Contains one success story. Lists REDA partners involved in promoting recycling economic development opportunities.
 
06/01/1997Extended Product Responsibility: A New Principle For Product-Oriented Pollution PreventionPublication
 Description: This document discusses the principle of extended product responsibility (EPR). EPR incorporates the shifting of responsibility to a life cycle concept to identify opportunities for preventing pollution and reducing resource and energy use in each stage of the product life cycle through changes in product design and process technology; the sharing of responsibility for the life cycle environmental impacts of the product system among links in the product chain; and a product systems approach with a focus of creating feedback to product designers to design cleaner products. The document also discusses product responsibility in the United States and addresses extended responsibility in the electronics industry.
 
06/01/1997Reusable News (Summer 1997)Publication
 Description: This issue of Reusable News includes articles about the expansion of the WasteWi$e program to state and local governments, innovative uses of compost, pay-as-you-throw success stories, and EPA's participation in America Recycles Day.
 
04/01/1997Pay-As-You-Throw Success Stories (set)Publication
 Description: This series of fact sheets provides information on several communities which have successfully implemented pay-as-you-throw programs.
 
04/01/1997Pay-As-You-Throw: A Fact Sheet for Elected OfficialsPublication
 Description: This fact sheet for elected officials discusses the benefits and disadvantages of using pay-as-you-throw programs in their community.
 
04/01/1997Pay-As-You-Throw: A Fact Sheet for Environmental and Civic GroupsPublication
 Description: This fact sheet for environmental and community organizations discusses the benefits and disadvantages of using pay-as-you-throw programs in their community.
 
04/01/1997Pay-As-You-Throw: A Fact Sheet for MSW PlannersPublication
 Description: This fact sheet for municipal solid waste planners discusses the benefits and disadvantages of using pay-as-you-throw programs in their community.
 
04/01/1997Pay-As-You-Throw: A Fact Sheet for State OfficialsPublication
 Description: This fact sheet for state officials discusses the benefits and disadvantages of using pay-as-you-throw programs in their community.
 
03/04/1997MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE LANDFILLS AND OTHER WASTE MANAGEMENT METHODSMemo
 Description: No Congressional mandate exists for EPA to establish landfill standards that represent state-of-the-art technology. New landfills and lateral expansions of existing landfills must meet a performance standard based on releases to groundwater or be constructed with a liner and leachate collection system. Existing landfills may be lined or unlined (i.e., they are not required to retrofit liner systems). All landfill units must monitor releases, take corrective action in the event of a release, and meet post-closure care requirements. EPA requires financial assurance for all landfills by April 1997. The deadline may be extended for one year if the owner or operator has insufficient time to comply. Composting is a form of recycling. The solid waste management hierarchy considers source reduction to be the preferred solid waste management option, followed by recycling (including composting), combustion (with energy recovery), and landfilling. EPA has two on-going studies on resource recovery. An ORD study to develop a life-cycle inventory database and decision-support tool for solid waste managers and a study to develop a greenhouse gas emissions inventory for municipal solid waste.
 
03/01/1997Reusable News (Spring 1997)Publication
 Description: This issue of Reusable News includes articles discussing EPA's solid waste sites on the Internet and the Jobs Through Recycling program. The newsletter also includes a progress report on EPA's Wastewi$e program.
 
02/01/1997Proceedings of the Workshop on Extended Product ResponsibilityPublication
 Description: This document describes the findings from the Workshop on Extended Product Responsibility held on October 21-22, 1996, at the White House Conference Center.
 
01/02/1997Recoleccion de Aceite Usado Para Reciclaje o Reutilización (Spanish - Collecting Used Oil for Recycling/Reuse)Publication
 Description: Spanish version of Collecting Used Oil For Recycling/ Reuse
 
12/09/1996Recyclable and Compostable ClaimsMemo
 Description: EPA opposes unqualified claims of "recyclability" and "compostability". The principles of the Federal Trade Commission's "Guide for the Use of Environmental Marketing Claims" from July 1992 should be maintained. Messages such as "glass recycles" and "please recycle" found on beverage containers accompanied by the chasing arrows symbol are deceptive. EPA is concerned about resin codes not effectively identifying all the different types of plastic resins. Reused or reconditioned parts would more likely meet the RCRA defintion of source reduction than recycling. Reconditioned parts would meet the RCRA definition of recovered material for the purposes of RCRA 6002.
 
12/03/1996Reusable News (November/December 1996)Publication
 Description: This issue of Reusable News includes articles discussing the benefits of recycling, an update of the Comprehensive Procurement Guidelines, and extending product responsibility. The newsletter also includes a progress report on EPA's Wastewi$e program.
 
09/01/1996Pay-As-You-Throw Tool KitPublication
 Description: The tool kit is a collection of products designed for local officials who are interested in implementing a pay-as-you-throw program. Included in the tool kit are an extensive workbook, detailed guidebooks, and an electronic manual of solid waste management data.
 
09/01/1996The Consumer's Handbook for Reducing Solid WastePublication
 Description: This document describes how consumers can reduce their garbage production by making environmentally aware decisions about the products and packaging they purchase, use, and ultimately dispose of. Suggestions follow four basic principles: reduce, reuse, recycle, and respond. Also lists state environmental agencies, as well as other publications and sources.
 
07/17/1996Reusable News (August/September 1996)Publication
 Description: This issue of Reusable News discusses the Full Cost Accounting Roundtable held by the International City/County Management Association, grants awarded by EPA's Jobs Through Recycling Program, an announcement of the second anniversary of the Waste Wi$e program, and information on reusing plastic packing peanuts and old mattresses. Also included in this issue is information on a meeting for industrial D Stakeholders, flexibility for small MSWLFs, closure and postclosure plans for MSWLFs and local governments, and managing solid waste on Tribal Lands. Additionally, several new documents are announced.
 
07/11/1996Financing Guide for Recycling Businesses: Investment Forums, Meetings, and NetworksPublication
 Description: Designed to help recycling ventures identify sources of capital and to foster awareness of these opportunities among financiers. Documents the business strengths necessary to attract significant investment. Lists ways for entrepreneurs and economic developers to identify a wide range of potential financial partners for recycling companies. Provides recommendations for economic developers and prospective forum organizers on the design of recycling-specific forums. Includes a listing by geographic region of more than 100 investment forums, meetings, and networks that have developed to help entrepreneurs, investors, and service providers find compatible partners. Provides contact information and brief description of each organization.
 
06/01/1996Reusable News (June/July 1996)Publication
 Description: This issue of Reusable News includes articles on EPA's updated Paper Products Recovered Materials Advisory Notice; the first ever Northeast Recycling Investment Forum; the Recyclables Exchange now available on the Internet for buyers and sellers of recovered materials; and the 1996 Build America Beautiful Awards, a program established by the National Association of Home Builders to help encourage builders to reduce, reuse, and recycle.
 
05/01/1996Reusable News Bulletin (April/May 1996)Publication
 Description: This issue of Reusable News announces the availability of three 1996 Buy-Recycled Series fact sheets on transportation products, park and recreation products, and non-paper office products, and a directory of on-line resources for recycling and composting.
 
02/05/1996Reusable News Bulletin (January/February 1996)Publication
 Description: This issue of Reusable News provides an update on EPA’s Jobs Through Recycling program, and an introduction to the Buy Recycled Institute which was launched by EPA and the US Conference of Mayors to provide one-day workshops around the country to teach participants how to identify recycling markets. It also contains an overview of the services provided by The Environmental Recycling Hotline, and a summary of the goals of the National Backyard Composting Council. Brief summaries of four new solid waste management documents are also included in the newsletter.
 
02/01/1996Reglamento de Residuos Universales (Spanish - The Universal Waste Rule Brochure)Publication
 Description: Spanish version of The Universal Waste Rule: Brochure. This flyer provides an overview of EPA’s Universal Waste Rule which is designed to reduce the amount of hazardous waste in the municipal solid waste stream, encourage recycling and proper disposal of certain common hazardous wastes, and reduce the regulatory burden on businesses that generate these wastes. The document includes an overview of what universal wastes are, who is affected by the rule, and the states role in implementation.
 
01/01/1996CONTRACTORS AS PROCURING AGENCIESQuestion & Answer
 Description: Federal contractors are not automatically subject to Section 6002. Federal contractors must independently determine if purchases of designated products exceed $10,000 for use on federal contract.
 
01/01/1996FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS ON COMPOSTINGQuestion & Answer
 Description: Composting can be a source reduction or recycling. A federal permit is not required for composting facilities. Many markets are available for compost products. Discusses the percentage of yard trimmings recycled in municipal compost piles.
 
01/01/1996Reusable News (Winter 1996)Publication
 Description: This issue of Reusable News includes an update on the first year successes of EPA’s WasteWi$e program with examples of its partners achievements. It also contains information on new recycling initiatives in Allentown, Pennsylvania and Loveland, Colorado, an overview of ""Wearing Waste,"" the new trend of recycled content in clothing, and a summary of full cost accounting information. In addition, brief summaries of new solid waste management documents are also included in the newsletter.
 
09/01/1995Recycling Guide for Native American NationsPublication
 Description: This brochure provides useful information for tribes interested in developing recycling programs. Topics include setting up a recycling program (collecting materials, staffing, educating the community, and reducing waste), creating recycling jobs and buying recycled products.
 
09/01/1995Report to Congress: Recovery and Recycling of Plastics from Durable GoodsPublication
 Description: This report summarizes progress in the recovery of plastics from postconsumer durable goods, defined as items used by consumers for three or more years before disposal. It discusses the current status of postconsumer durable plastics recycling in the United States, addresses barriers to recycling postconsumer durable plastics, provides details on current initiatives and EPA activities to accelerate plastics recycling, and includes a table of resin characteristics, markets, and products.
 
08/01/1995Recycling Means BusinessPublication
 Description: This booklet discusses how recycling can contribute to a growing economy and the importance of market development to help recycling fulfill this potential. It describes EPA's Recycling Means Business Strategy for market development: supporting and strengthening the link between increased market capacity and sustainable economic growth; leveraging federal resources and building federal partnerships for market development; and developing infrastructures that support markets for recyclables and recycled products.
 
06/01/1995Reusable News (Summer/Fall 1995)Publication
 Description: This issue of Reusable News features the Chicago Board of Trades' Recycling Exchange program to link buyers and sellers of recyclables nationwide on an electronic bulletin board. Also included in this issue are a report on the issuance of the final Comprehensive Guideline for Procurement of Products Containing Recovered Materials (CPG) and the Recovered Materials Advisory Notice (RMAN), an update on EPA's Paperless Office Campaign, and information on EPA's satellite videoconference on unit-pricing and full cost accounting.
 
04/15/1995Environmental Fact Sheet: EPA Issues Comprehensive Procurement GuidelinesPublication
 Description: This fact sheet announces EPA's Comprehensive Guideline for Procurement of Products Containing Recovered Materials and the Recovered Materials Advisory Notice. The fact sheet lists the 24 recycled-content products in seven product categories for which government procuring agencies need to develop affirmative procurement programs and describes a successful affirmative procurement program, including the preference program; promotion program; estimation, certification, and verification program; and procedures to monitor and review the procurement program.
 
03/15/1995Environmental Fact Sheet: Report to Congress on Flow Control and Municipal Solid WastePublication
 Description: Announces EPA's Report to Congress on Flow Control and Municipal Solid Waste. Indicates that flow controls are an administratively effective tool for local governments to plan and fund solid waste management systems. Discusses how protection of human health and the environment is related to implementation and enforcement of federal, state, and local environmental regulations rather than flow control measures. Points out that flow control is not essential for developing municipal solid waste management capacity or for achieving recycling goals.
 
03/15/1995Report to Congress on Flow Control and Municipal Solid WastePublication
 Description: This report discusses flow controls, defined as legal authorities used by state and local governments to designate where municipal solid waste (MSW) must be taken for processing, treatment, or disposal. This report presents a comparative review of states with and without flow control authority, identifies the impact of flow control ordinances on protection of human health and the environment, and characterizes the impact of flow control on the development of state and local waste management capacity and on the achievement of state and local goals for source reduction, reuse, and recycling. Appendices include a summary of public comments on flow control; legal decisions concerning MSW flow controls; a summary matrix of state flow control authorities; flow control case studies; and technical analyses of waste generation, composting, recycling, waste-to-energy, and landfills.
 
03/01/1995Reusable News (Spring 1995)Publication
 Description: This issue of Reusable News focuses on household hazardous waste, and also includes articles on McDonald's ""buy recycled"" campaign and waste reduction efforts, paper procurement guidelines, plastics recycling, and life-cycle analysis.
 
02/15/1995Environmental Fact Sheet: Update Released on Solid Waste Management in the U.S.Publication
 Description: Announces the release of Characterization of Municipal Solid Waste in the United States: 1994 Update. Summarizes the amount of waste generated and the impact of waste prevention and recycling.
 
01/01/1995Environmental Fact Sheet: Redesigning Hazardous Waste Regulations on RecyclingPublication
 Description: This fact sheet discusses EPA and the states' joint efforts to revise the regulatory definition of solid waste under RCRA. The revisions will simplify the definitions and regulations, and improve EPA's regulation of hazardous waste recycling by removing disincentives that might cause industries to choose disposal over safe recycling, concentrating on higher-risk materials that pose greater hazards to human health.
 
01/01/1995Reusable News (Winter 1995)Publication
 Description: This issue of Reusable News reports on municipal solid waste (MSW) generation and recovery rate, features an interview with the Federal Environmental Executive, and includes articles on Washington State's ""buy recycled"" campaign, construction and demolition waste reduction, and EPA's Source Reduction Mega Match program. This issue also includes an insert listing EPA publications on MSW.
 
12/01/1994Native American Network: A RCRA Information Exchange (Issue #6) (Fall/Winter 1994)Publication
 Description: This issue of the Native American Network highlights EPA Administrator Carol Browner's speech at the Second National Tribal Conference on Environmental Management. Articles cover the new American Indian Environmental Office and its Director, EPA assistance to the Navajo-Zuni cooperative recycling project, proposed rules for tribal authority over air resources and RCRA Subtitle C authorization for tribes, and the Bethel (Alaska) Recycling Project. This issue also includes informational inserts on the definition of a hazardous waste under subtitle C of RCRA and funding tribal hazardous waste programs.
 
11/15/1994Re-Engineering RCRA for Recycling: Report and Recommendations of the Definition of Solid Waste Task ForcePublication
 Description: This report presents the recommendations of the Definition of Solid Waste Task Force, established in October 1992 to address concerns about the current definition of solid waste and how it affects waste recycling. The report describes the current system and suggests improvements to the regulations for recycling under Subtitle C of RCRA, considers RCRA exempt/excluded recycling, proposes a new classification scheme for RCRA recycling, and addresses industry-specific and Basel Convention issues.
 
09/01/1994Reusable News (Fall 1994)Publication
 Description: This issue of Reusable News features the Jobs Through Recycling Initiative, EPA's program to expand markets for recycled materials, stimulate economic development, and create jobs in the recycling industry. This issue also includes articles on Keep America Beautiful's ""buy recycled"" campaign, the Recycling Technology Assistance Partnership (ReTAP) National Network, recycling packaging foam, and composting.
 
07/15/1994Environmental Fact Sheet: Properly Managing Used Oil FiltersPublication
 Description: This fact sheet discusses the recycling or proper disposal of used oil filters and their parts and includes a checklist for properly draining oil filters.
 
06/01/1994Reusable News (Summer 1994)Publication
 Description: This issue of Reusable News features the Greening of the White House, steps that the White House is taking to cut waste, improve energy efficiency, and save money. Other articles in this issue include truth in environmental advertising, steel recycling Campaign, recycling whiz wins Westinghouse Award, EPA's new recycling strategy breaks down market barriers, perspectives on flow control, and the Supreme Court decision on Waste-to-Energy ash.
 
04/15/1994Innovative Methods of Managing Environmental Releases at Mine SitesPublication
 Description: Describes source reduction and recycling practices and innovative techniques for waste management currently used in mining. Discusses process control to produce purer products and production of new salable products while reducing hazardous constituents in the waste stream. Examines recycling opportunities unique to mining, such as slag reprocessing, tailings reprocessing, pipe recycling/reuse, and recycling mine tires. Lists technical contacts familiar with each technology described.
 
03/15/1994Collecting Used Oil for Recycling/Reuse: Tips for Consumers Who Change Their Own Motor Oil and Oil FiltersPublication
 Description: Provides step-by-step instructions for changing motor oil, recycling the used oil, and changing and recycling oil filters. Lists uses for recycled oil.
 
03/15/1994Environmental Fact Sheet: Principles for Basel Convention Aim to Prevent Pollution, Reduce Risk, and Promote Recycling Issues recommendations to Congress for implementing the Basel ConventionPublication
 Description: This fact sheet presents recommendations to Congress for implementing the Basel Convention. The recommendations ask Congress to ban the export of nearly all hazardous wastes, municipal wastes, and municipal incinerator ash beyond North American borders, emphasize the principles of waste minimization to make the United States more self-sufficient in the management and disposal of its wastes, and foster appropriate recycling of low hazard materials (e.g., scrap paper, glass, textiles, and scrap metals) that trade like commodities and are needed as raw materials by not limiting transboundary movements of these materials. The fact sheet also lists parties to the Basel Convention as of February 22, 1994.
 
02/15/1994Waste Prevention, Recycling, and Composting Options: Lessons from 30 CommunitiesPublication
 Description: This document analyzes the actual operating experience of thirty diverse communities, some with high materials recovery rates, others with model waste reduction initiatives, and draws lessons for communities wanting to strengthen their own programs.
 
01/15/1994How to Start or Expand a Recycling Collection ProgramPublication
 Description: Provides basic information on establishing recycling collection programs in any setting but focuses on collection in offices. Provides suggestions for expanding or improving an existing collection program. Discusses what materials are recyclable, starting a collection program, finding a market, information needed to sell collected materials, collecting and storing recyclables, educating and motivating employees, and monitoring and evaluating the collection program. Lists sources of additional information.
 
01/15/1994WasteWise Tip Sheet: Buying or Manufacturing Recycled ProductsPublication
 Description: This tip sheet defines ""buying recycled"" and recycled content terms; discusses the benefits of buying or manufacturing goods with recycled content; addresses how the purchase of recycled products and recovered raw materials fits into EPA's WasteWise Program; lists types of products available with recycled content; discusses cost and quality of recycled products and recovered raw materials; and cites sources of additional information.
 
01/01/1994Reusable News (Winter 1994)Publication
 Description: This issue of Reusable News focuses on EPA's WasteWise Program for reducing business solid waste.
 
11/01/1993Business Guide for Reducing Solid WastePublication
 Description: This document offers step-by-step instructions designed to assist medium and large businesses, governments, and other organizations in establishing a waste reduction program. It presents an overview on developing and implementing a waste reduction program and provides worksheets to help the waste reduction team conduct a waste assessment and devise a program tailored to its company's specific goals. Appendices include waste reduction ideas, regional EPA and state waste reduction program contacts, glossary, volume-to-weight conversion table, and a list of common recyclable materials.
 
09/15/1993Reporting on Municipal Solid Waste: A Local IssuePublication
 Description: Presents background information to assist print and broadcast media in understanding municipal solid waste (MSW) issues. Examines the role of federal, state, and local governments in MSW management; options for solid waste management (source reduction, recycling, incineration, and landfilling); and regulations for solid waste landfills. Includes information sources, major laws affecting MSW management, MSW management state-by-state, and compounds and metals for groundwater detection monitoring.
 
08/01/1993PROCUREMENT REQUIREMENTS APPLICABLE TO GOVERNMENT AGENCIESQuestion & Answer
 Description: Discusses three questions government agencies should answer to determine whether they are subject to the RCRA 6002 procurement regulations.
 
06/15/1993Engineering and Environmental Aspects of Recycled Materials for Highway ConstructionPublication
 Description: Evaluates the environmental aspects and engineering factors related to the utilization of recycled materials in highway construction. Presents an overview and assessment of different technologies, processes, and methods of recycling various materials into highway appurtenances and for highway construction with consideration of environmental and health risks. Includes bibliography. Appendix to Report to Congress: A Study of the Use of Recycled Paving Material.
 
06/01/1993Reusable News (Summer/Fall 1993)Publication
 Description: This issue of Reusable News describes how recycling offers opportunities for economic development. It also includes articles about grocery store composting, paper procurement guidelines, household hazardous waste conference, bottle deposit systems, degradable ring rule, extension of small landfills, Trashasaurus Rex, and international packaging legislation.
 
04/15/1993Household Hazardous Waste: Steps to Safe ManagementPublication
 Description: This document describes household hazardous waste and the dangers of improper disposal and urges homeowners to reuse, recycle, and properly manage household hazardous waste.
 
04/15/1993Markets for Recovered AluminumPublication
 Description: This document explores how markets are structured, what influences the supply and demand for aluminum, what projections can be made about the future of markets, and how government policies might affect markets.
 
01/01/1993Reusable News (Winter/Spring 1993)Publication
 Description: This issue of Reusable News celebrates the fourth anniversary of Reusable News with a cover story on the Buy Recycled Business Alliance. It also describes Georgia's new composting program, the management of packaging waste in Europe, and the success of federal recycling programs, and features a center spread on organizations engaged in materials exchange efforts.
 
12/15/1992Markets for Recovered GlassPublication
 Description: This document examines the market for crushed scrap glass. It explores how markets are structured, what influences the supply and demand for glass, what projections can be made about the future of markets, and how government policies might affect markets.
 
12/15/1992Used Dry Cell Batteries: Is a Collection Program Right for Your Community?Publication
 Description: This document helps communities determine whether establishing a program to collect used dry cell batteries is right for them, focusing on household battery collection. It also reviews ten key issues related to setting up and running a collection program, from determining the types and amounts of dry cell batteries being discarded to estimating the likely costs of a program.
 
09/01/1992Reusable News (Fall 1992)Publication
 Description: This issue of Reusable News discusses a substantial increase in municipal solid waste recovery rates and the announcement of the Federal Trade Commission's environmental marketing guidelines. It also focuses on vehicular recycling successes such as the Maine Turnpike's ticket reuse program and the waste reduction efforts of automobile manufacturers, and presents EPA's new outreach materials on leaf burning.
 
08/15/1992Environmental Fact Sheet: Coke Listing Determination Made FinalPublication
 Description: This fact sheet announces EPA's final rule listing seven wastes from the coke by-products industry as hazardous. The rule does not affect those wastes that are recycled back into the manufacturing process. In addition, process wastewaters are not being listed as hazardous.
 
08/15/1992Environmental Fact Sheet: Management Standards Issued to Control Potential Risks from Recycled Used Oil - No Hazardous Waste ListingPublication
 Description: This fact sheet introduces EPA management standards for all segments of the used oil recycling system. The standards apply simple controls to generators of used oil and more stringent controls to processors, refiners, and transporters of used oil. The controls, found at 40 CFR 279, diminish potential risks and make it unnecessary to list recycled used oil as hazardous waste.
 
07/15/1992Environmental Fact Sheet: Mercury in the Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) StreamPublication
 Description: This fact sheet describes EPA's examination of the major sources of mercury in the MSW stream, such as batteries and paint residues. EPA predicts a dramatic decrease in mercury discards in the next several years due to source reduction and recycling efforts.
 
07/15/1992Federal Recycling ProgramPublication
 Description: This document describes the federal office paper recycling program and encourages federal employees to participate in the program.
 
06/01/1992Reusable News (Summer 1992)Publication
 Description: This issue of Reusable News highlights examples of successful municipal solid waste educational efforts, such as the University of Wisconsin-Stevens Point's waste management program, EPA curriculum tools, and EPA's joint outreach with the U.S. Postal Service to promote recycling. It also introduces the new feature ""Taking Action,"" which profiles individual citizens' efforts to reduce, reuse, and recycle.
 
04/15/1992Recycle: You Can Make a Ton of Difference (Brochure)Publication
 Description: Introduces the national recycling campaign by providing an overview of solid waste problems and recycling solutions.
 
03/01/1992Reusable News (Spring 1992)Publication
 Description: This issue of Reusable News features a cover story on how recycling helps the homeless to a better life. It also includes articles about waste prevention successes, McDonald's waste reduction program, how the Keep America Beautiful handbook promotes waste prevention and recycling, the increase in household hazardous waste collection programs by over 70 percent, and a Midwest conference that looks at procurement of recycled goods.
 
01/01/1992Reusable News (Winter 1992)Publication
 Description: This issue of Reusable News announces EPA's options to standardize recycling marketing claims in the cover story. It also includes articles about President Bush's executive order that requires federal agency recycling, Illinois communities that serve as source reduction models, and unique solutions to municipal solid waste problems on the Alaskan Tundra.
 
10/15/1991Environmental Fact Sheet: EPA to Develop Guidance on the Use of the Terms "Recycled" and "Recyclable" in Product Labeling and AdvertisingPublication
 Description: This fact sheet discusses an effort by EPA to provide help on specific environmental marketing terms to educate consumers and advise marketers. The terms addressed are related to recycling solid waste materials, and the aim is to increase the use of recycled materials.
 
09/15/1991Environmental Fact Sheet: Municipal Landfill Regulations Mean Safer Disposal of Solid WastePublication
 Description: This fact sheet discusses a rulemaking that establishes comprehensive, protective standards for managing the nation's solid waste burden. The rule specifies location provisions and design, operating, and closure requirements for landfills. In addition, the rule offers incentives for increasing source reduction and recycling nationwide.
 
09/01/1991Reusable News (Fall 1991)Publication
 Description: This issue of Reusable News presents EPA's role in market development in cover story. Inside articles include: Habicht testifies on "green" marketing issues, community recycling, Project ROSE at Walt Disney, Seattle Tilth teaches city-dwellers to compost, Wisconsin and Minnesota team up for recycled paper purchase, and more.
 
09/01/1991Used Oil Recycling (Fall 1991)Publication
 Description: This fact sheet revisits the EPA used oil management standards and listing in a newsletter story, with a focus on corporate America including Mobil Corporation recycling forces and Amoco Oil striving for oil recovery. Other stories include state contacts on used oil recycling, and how EPA promotes used oil recycling.
 
08/15/1991Environmental Fact Sheet: Coke Ovens Temporarily Exempted from BIF Rule ProvisionsPublication
 Description: This fact sheet announces an administrative stay on permitting standards for boilers and industrial furnaces as applied to thirty-four coke ovens that recycle hazardous waste.
 
07/01/1991Environmental Fact Sheet: Coke Waste Proposed as HazardousPublication
 Description: Announces EPA's proposal for listing seven wastes from the coke byproducts industry as hazardous. The proposal does not affect those wastes that are recycled back into the manufacturing process. In addition, process wastewaters are not being listed as hazardous. This document is still available, but it has been replaced by 530-F-92-021
 
07/01/1991Native American Network: A RCRA Information Exchange (Issue #3) (Summer/Fall 1991)Publication
 Description: This issue of the Native American Network covers the Campo experience, money matters, IHS and solid waste, and a recycling project on the Cherokee Reservation.
 
03/01/1991Reusable News (Spring/Summer 1991)Publication
 Description: This issue of Reusable News presents the EPA Administrator's Awards Program in the cover story, and includes articles on a number of regional reuse projects: "Dead Batteries Get New Life in New York," "New Uses for Old Milk Jugs," and "Computerized Map of Recyclables' Journey." The featured article describes how the National Park Service has implemented a municipal solid waste management plan and a blueprint for plastics recycling.
 
02/15/1991Environmental Fact Sheet: Interim Final Rule Suspending Application of the Toxicity Characteristic for Used Chlorofluorocarbon Refrigerants Being ReclaimedPublication
 Description: This fact sheet discusses the interim final rule suspending the application of toxicity characteristics for reclaiming used chlorofluorocarbon refrigerants, how the recycling used refrigerants is gaining acceptance, and that venting certain chemicals, including refrigerants, will be prohibited effective July 1, 1992.
 
01/01/1991Reusable News (Winter 1991)Publication
 Description: This issue of Reusable News presents "The Greening of the Marketplace," the front page story that covers initiation of a product labeling program. Inside articles include Postal Service delivers first-class recycling effort, Yankee ingenuity adds miles to used tires, new mailing machine stamps out waste, and guides that explain composting fundamentals.
 
09/01/1990Reusable News (Fall 1990)Publication
 Description: This issue of Reusable News requests public comment on paper procurement issues in the cover story. It also includes articles about three new tools for municipal solid waste managers, an order that boosts contractor use of recycled paper, a look at unit recycling, and how youths learn crime doesn't pay but recycling does.
 
08/15/1990Let's Reduce and Recycle: A Curriculum for Solid Waste AwarenessPublication
 Description: Provides a tool for educational instructors to stimulate the discussion of solid waste issues and heighten young people's awareness of the issues. Includes lesson plans for grades K through 6 and 7 through 12. Also includes a resource list of related publications. Why Teach Trash, 530-SW-90-005a, is an insert that automatically accompanies Let's Reduce & Recycle.
 
08/15/1990School Recycling Programs: A Handbook for EducatorsPublication
 Description: Illustrates school recycling program options, along with step-by-step instructions in this booklet on how to set one up. Instructions for applying for the President's Environmental Youth Awards included.
 
06/01/1990Reusable News (Summer 1990)Publication
 Description: This issue of Reusable News presents the characterization of the municipal solid waste stream in the cover story. It also includes articles about how the Penn State University government finds that recycling works, Rhode Island businesses become more efficient, direct marketing association responds to environmental concerns, Colorado's cooperative venture boosts recycled paper procurement, and an EPA program that rewards recyclers.
 
04/15/1990Recycle Today! (Order Forms)Publication
 Description: Form to order free educational materials that encourage children to recycle and conserve resources (curriculum guide, how-to handbook, comic book, and poster). Available to teachers from kindergarten through 12th grade.
 
04/09/1990COAL ASH AS A SOLID WASTEMemo
 Description: EPA supports the beneficial use of coal ash (exempt under Section 261.4(b)(4) Bevill exemption for fossil fuel combustion wastes) through Federal procurement guidelines and the use of fly ash as a stabilizing medium in setting land disposal restrictions (LDR) treatment standards. RCRA defines coal ash as a solid waste. States may regulate coal ash more stringently.
 
03/01/1990Reusable News (Spring 1990)Publication
 Description: This issue of Reusable News describes school recycling programs in the cover story. It also includes articles on how Congress sees a bumper crop of municipal solid waste management bills, loans help small businesses curb pollution, a look at plastic waste, how to build your own compost pile, and junk your junk mail.
 
02/15/1990Environmental Fact Sheet: Plastics: The Facts About Production, Use, and DisposalPublication
 Description: Presents EPA's Report to Congress on methods to manage and control plastic wastes. Discusses major types of plastics and their uses. Looks at where plastics go and resulting disposal problems. EPA believes source reduction and recycling will provide the most significant results in reducing the impact of plastics in the environment.
 
02/15/1990Environmental Fact Sheet: The Facts on Degradable PlasticsPublication
 Description: Explains EPA's Report to Congress on methods to manage and control plastic wastes. Degradable plastics are engineered by photodegradation and biodegradation. Discusses how degradable plastics fit into solid waste solutions of reducing waste, landfilling, recycling, and incineration.
 
02/15/1990Environmental Fact Sheet: The Facts on Recycling PlasticsPublication
 Description: Explains EPA's Report to Congress on methods to manage and control plastic wastes. Plastics used in consumer products are technically recyclable, but collection, separation, and cleaning of products have proven to be difficult and sometimes expensive. Less than one percent of plastics currently are being recycled.
 
01/15/1990Office Paper Recycling: An Implementation ManualPublication
 Description: This document provides information to assist federal agencies in planning, implementing, and promoting a high-grade paper recovery program. The basic principles outlined should be useful to anyone planning an office paper recycling program, including state and local government agencies, commercial businesses, and other private organizations.
 
01/01/1990Reusable News (Winter 1990)Publication
 Description: This issue is the premiere edition of the Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) Program newsletter, Reusable News. Quarterly editions report on EPA's and others' efforts to safely and effectively manage garbage. This issue includes articles about information and exchange planning, EPA headquarters established in-house recycling program, and Philadelphia's recycling program.
 
02/01/1989Solid Waste Dilemma: An Agenda for Action (Final Report of the Municipal Waste Task Force)Publication
 Description: This document offers a number of concrete suggestions for action by not only EPA, but also government at all levels, industry, and private citizens. This Agenda cannot be accomplished by government acting alone. Its accomplishment is contingent on a strong partnership among government, industry and the public. It calls for a "systems" approach to managing municipal solid waste; that is, the complementary use of source reduction, recycling, combustion, and landfills to comprehensively manage municipal solid waste.
 
06/01/1988HOUSEHOLD HAZARDOUS WASTEQuestion & Answer
 Description: Carbon filters installed in homes by a firm as part of a corrective action consent decree are excluded household wastes when collected by the firm and sent for regeneration even though they contain listed waste.
 
03/01/1986FEDERAL PROCUREMENT OF RECOVERED MATERIALSQuestion & Answer
 Description: A summary of section 6002 of RCRA. EPA has published guidelines for cement and concrete containing fly ash, paper and paper products, and asphalt materials containing ground tire rubber. A discussion of the four criteria for selecting additional items for which EPA will prepare procurement guidelines.
 
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