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The Urban Performance of Unit Pricing: An Analysis of Variable Rates for Residential Garbage Collection in Urban Areas

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This new 1996 report from Duke University focuses on the question: How does unit pricing for residential waste collection perform in large, urban areas? This study examines the existing unit pricing literature to highlight key areas of agreement and disagreement among solid waste professionals regarding the performance of variable rate pricing. Outcomes in three urban unit pricing cities--Grand Rapids, MI, Lansing, MI, and San Jose, CA--and their materials collection programs are analyzed, Supplemented whenever possible with information from 10 other urban variable rate pricing communities. Finally, this report offers recommendations for the successful implementation of an urban unit pricing system.


Bauer, Scott D., and Miranda, Marie Lynn

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Research paper/report


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Special topics
Case studies


Market-Based Approaches



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